Italian Verb Conjugation

Italian Verb Conjugation sounds like a bit of a scary thing. But in fact it's something we do in our own native language everyday.

Simply put, in English or Italian, conjugation is the act of changing a verb to suit the way it's being used.

Remember a verb is a doing word, like 'am'. Now the form of the verb changes according to when it happens, 'I was', who does it, 'she is', and how many of them there are doing it, 'they are'.

Let's have a look at how it works in Italian...

Patterns of Italian Verb Conjugations

Italian verbs are divided into three patterns of conjugation, following their infinitive form.

Download
mangiare, cantare, volare
–ARE
Download
vedere, correre, sorridere
–ERE
Download
dormire, coprire, morire
–IRE

There is a 4th conjugation, which is generally accepted as a derivation of the third one, due to the fact that the infinitive form ends also with -IRE. In this conjugation, at the 1st, 2nd 3rd singular and 3rd plural person we have to add the suffix -isc at the stem. For example:

Download
capire, preferire, gioire
–ISC

Many Italian verbs are irregular. While the regular verbs use the same stem for all the declination forms, the irregular verbs, instead, have more stems. Many of the irregularities date to the Latin Grammar. Usually the changes affect only the stem of the verb. Essere (to be) and avere (to have) are the auxiliary verbs.

Download
essere
to be
Download
avere
to have

The transitive verbs -verbs that require both a direct subject and one or more objects - can be active - io mangio la mela - I eat the apple - as well as passive - la mela è mangiata da me - the apple is eaten by me. The passive form is built with the auxiliary essere + past participle which follows the usual adjective agreement rules concerning genre and number.

Download
io mangio la mela
I eat the apple
Download
la mela è mangiata da me
the apple is eaten by me

The intransitive verbs - verbs that are not followed by an object - don't have a passive form and they use the auxiliary essere for the compound tenses.

Regular Italian Verbs, simple tense

Indicativo Presente – I sing

 
io
tu
lui/lei/Lei
noi
voi
loro
Download
–are
canto
canti
canta
cantiamo
cantate
cantano
Download
–ere
corro
corri
corre
corriamo
correte
corrono
Download
–ire
scopro
scopri
scopre
scopriamo
scoprite
scoprono
Download
–ire with isc
capisco
capisci
capisce
capiamo
capite
capiscono
Download
essere
sono
sei
è
siamo
siete
sono
Download
avere
ho
hai
ha
abbiamo
avete
hanno

Indicativo Imperfetto – I used to sing

 
io
tu
lui /lei /Lei
noi
voi
loro
Download
–are
cantavo
cantavi
cantava
cantavamo
cantavate
cantavano
Download
–ere
correvo
correvi
correva
correvamo
correvate
correvano
Download
–ire
scoprivo
scoprivi
scopriva
scoprivamo
scoprivate
scoprivano
Download
–ire with isc
capivo
capivi
capiva
capivamo
capivate
capivano
Download
essere
ero
eri
era
eravamo
eravate
erano
Download
avere
avevo
avevi
aveva
avevamo
avevate
avevano

Indicativo Passato Remoto – I sang

* many verbs have irregular form in this tense

 
io
tu
lui /lei /Lei
noi
voi
loro
Download
–are
cantai
cantasti
canto
cantammo
cantaste
cantarono
Download
–ere
corsi
corsi
corse
corremmo
correste
corsero
Download
–ire
scoprii
scopristi
scoprì
scoprimmo
scopriste
scoprirono
Download
–ire with isc
capii
capisti
capì
capimmo
capiste
capirono
Download
essere
fui
fosti
fu
fummo
foste
furono
Download
avere
ebbi
avesti
ebbe
avemmo
aveste
ebbero

Indicativo Futuro – I will sing

 
Io
tu
lui /lei /Lei
noi
voi
loro
Download
–are
canterò
canterai
canterà
canteremo
canterete
canteranno
Download
–ere
correrò
correrai
correrà
correremo
correrete
correranno
Download
–ire
scoprirò
scoprirai
scoprirà
scopriremo
scoprirete
scopriranno
Download
–ire with isc
capirò
capirai
capirà
capiremo
capirete
capiranno
Download
essere
sarò
sarai
sarà
saremo
sarete
saranno
Download
avere
avrò
avrai
avrà
avremo
avrete
avranno

Practice Phrases containing Italian Regular Verbs – Simple Tense

Italian
English
Tenses
Download
Io suono la chitarra
I play the guitar
Indicativo Presente
Download
Io suonavo la chitarra
I was playing the guitar
Indicativo Imperfetto
Download
Io suonai la chitarra
I played the guitar
Indicativo Passato Remoto
Download
Io suonerò la chitarra
I will play the guitar
Indicativo Futuro Semplice
Download
Suona la chitarra!
Play the guitar!
Imperativo

Irregular Italian verbs – Simple tenses, indicative

 
io
tu
lui /lei /Lei
noi
voi
loro
Download
andare (to go)
vad-o
va-i
v-a
and-iamo
and-ate
vanno
Download
dire (to say)
dic-o
dic-i
dic-e
dic-iamo
d-ite
dic-ono
Download
fare (to do)
facci-o
fa-i
f-a
facc-iamo
f-ate
fanno
Download
venire (to come)
veng-o
vien-i
vien-e
ven-iamo
ven-ite
veng-ono

Indicativo Imperfetto:

io
tu
lui /lei /Lei
noi
voi
loro
Download
andavo
andavi
andava
andavamo
andavate
andavano
Download
dicevo
dicevi
diceva
dicevamo
dicevate
dicevano
Download
facevo
facevi
faceva
facevamo
facevate
facevano
Download
venivo
venivi
veniva
venivamo
venivate
venivano

Indicativo Passato Remoto:

io
tu
lui /lei /Lei
noi
voi
loro
Download
andai
andasti
andò
andammo
andaste
andarono
Download
dissi
dicesti
disse
dicemmo
diceste
dissero
Download
feci
facesti
fece
facemmo
faceste
fecero
Download
venii
venisti
venì
venimmo
veniste
vennero

Indicativo Futuro:

io
tu
lui /lei /Lei
noi
voi
loro
Download
andrò
andrai
andrà
andremo
andrete
andranno
Download
dirò
dirai
dirà
diremo
direte
diranno
Download
faro
farai
farà
faremo
farete
faranno
Download
verrò
verrai
verrà
verremo
verrete
verranno

Practice Phrases containing Italian Irregular Verbs – Simple Tense

Italian
English
Tenses
Download
Io vado a casa
I go home
Indicativo Presente
Download
Io andavo a casa
I was going home
Indicativo Imperfetto
Download
Io andai a casa
I went home
Indicativo Passato Remoto
Download
Io andrò a casa
I will go home
Indicativo Futuro Semplice

Rules in order to remember the Italian irregular forms

Although there are no rules calculate the right form of the irregular verbs, there are some tricks that help us. The most common is that the first singular and the third plural person have the same stem, while the second plural person is commonly - but not always - regular. Many verbs which are irregular in the Italian language have a regular form in some prominent dialect, like the Florentine, and they are still used not only in spoken but also in written language at higher level too. The most famous example is the verb fare (to make), which in Italian at the present tense, first person, is io faccio and in Florentine io fo. Although it is just a dialectal form, it can easily be found, and is accepted, in some prominent modern Italian authors like Oriana Fallaci, who was born in Florence.

Italian verb conjugation summary

  • Four conjugations, - ARE, -ERE, -IRE, and -IRE with suffix -isc
  • Regular verbs have one stem; irregular verbs have more stems.
  • Many Italian verbs are irregular.
  • Essere (to be) and avere (to have) are the auxiliary verbs.
  • The passive form is built with the auxiliary essere + past participle
  • The intransitive verbs don't have a passive form and they use the auxiliary essere for the compound tenses
  • In the irregular verbs the first singular and the third plural person have the same stem, while the second plural person is commonly regular

Testing!

Test yourself with the Rocket Italian testing tools! Improve your knowledge of Italian and earn points for your badges along the way!

Note that the tests below are listed from easiest to hardest. Also, when a test is successfully rated the rating icon will at the top right of this page will show that rating.

Ciao, my name’s Maria DiLorenzi, I’m the host of Rocket Italian.

Ciao, I’m from Rome in Italy, which means Italian is my native language. That also means I know how hard it can be to learn a new language, because I’ve been there.

Together with my English speaking colleague, Alex, I want to help you to speak and understand Italian, and cut your learning time in half, with my Rocket Italian online course.

I've been teaching my beautiful language for over ten years, to all kinds of people, and I understand your love of Italy and your desire be able to communicate in Italian. I really want to make your Spanish learning experience rewarding and fun!

Speak Italian...
  • With over 30 fully downloadable Interactive Audio Lessons. Based on actual everyday Italian conversations, these lessons average over 25 minutes each, giving you more than 12 hours of real Italian conversation!

Try one for yourself today! Here is the very first Interactive Audio Lesson from Rocket Italian

Listen to the FULL Audio

Understand Italian...

There are just 3 steps to dramatically improving your understanding of Italian!

  • Learn to understand exactly how Italian works by exploring over 30 Language & Culture Lessons
  • Train your ear with Hear It Say It !, the self-testing tool that perfects your pronunciation by harnessing the power of our Rocket Record voice comparison technology.
  • Put yourself on the spot by testing how accurately you can translate randomly selected phrases using Rocket Record and the Know It! self-testing tool.
Cut your learning time in half...
  • By checking out our Advanced Learning Techniques; making the most of My Forum, our 24/7 online learners space, and making learning fun with the Language Master Games.
  • Plus you can see just how quickly you language skills are growing with My Level, our self-testing tool.

And that’s not all!

So, if you’re ready to speak and understand Italian while cutting your learning time in half, then Rocket Italian is just what you need...!

Like This Resource? Please Share!

Like Our Site? Follow Us!

Rocket Italian Host - Maria DiLorenzi
PC Mag PC mag editor rating

“Rocket Languages is our Editors’ Choice for language-learning.”

Bessie Awards

More Learn Italian resources

Rocket Italian Premium

This beginner level course for new learners contains some amazing features that will really get your Italian language skills moving.

Click Here to Learn More


Click here to take a tour of Rocket Italian Premium


Rocket Italian Premium Plus

-Intermediate Course

This course is perfect if you have some Italian skills already and you're ready to step up to the next level

Click Here to Learn More


Rocket Italian Platinum

-Advanced Course

If you're ready to become a fluent, natural, confident Italian speaker then this advanced level course is for you.

Click Here to Learn More


Learn Italian Forum

This Italian language forum is where you go to get feedback and to connect with other learners. Interacting with teachers and peers will really help develop your understanding!

Click Here to Learn More

Rocket Languages
Reviews

How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?

How likely are you to buy again?

Are you happy with the price?

Would you recommend to a friend?

How was the Customer Service?


Rachel Paul - California, USA - Rocket Italian

"Your staff is very supportive and were very understanding, (as I am advanced in years and not very computer literate), in answering my questions."

Read More

Rachel Paul

California, USA

"Your staff is very supportive and were very understanding, (as I am advanced in years and not very computer literate), in answering my questions."

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

I fell into your program by accident while surfing the web in researching out a competitor's program. I said 'Why not!' It was just what I needed for the type of learner that I am, audio supported by visual (down loadable text). I recommend this highly.

Your staff is very supportive and were very understanding, (as I am advanced in years and not very computer literate), in answering my questions.

My purpose in learning the Italian language is to continue stimulating my little gray cells and widening my intellectual horizons. Your program is helping to do this.

I have visited Italy several times and hope to do so again and having a knowledge of the language enriches the experience.

Ma io dico molto grazie a Rocket Italian, io voglio parlare l'italiano con i miei cugini a Firenze. Molto grazie


Danielle Danielle - Las Vegas, USA - Rocket Italian

"The best language program I've come across. It has everything: speaking, writing, listening, notes, grammar, culture and multiple tests to check whether the lesson is understood. Very complete."

Read More

Danielle Danielle

Las Vegas, USA

"The best language program I've come across. It has everything: speaking, writing, listening, notes, grammar, culture and multiple tests to check whether the lesson is understood. Very complete."

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

The best language program I've come across. It has everything: speaking, writing, listening, notes, grammar, culture and multiple tests to check whether the lesson is understood. Very complete. I have recommended it to several people.


Dave Norris - California, USA - Rocket Italian

"My wife is hooked on Rocket Italian, ok, she comes home every day and she goes through the lessons. And it is a great product, great value."

Read More

Dave Norris

California, USA

"My wife is hooked on Rocket Italian, ok, she comes home every day and she goes through the lessons. And it is a great product, great value."

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

We've done a lot of research and I was looking for an opportunity to learn a little bit of Italian because we are going to be going to Italy next year, and I've looked at all the very high priced ones, all the way down to the very low cost tutorials on how to just speak the basic, not necessarily completely speak it fluently, but to understand it to the point where we can get around Italy, and understand certain words and certain phrases and things like that and be able to go into a coffee shop or, go into a market and be able to find the restroom or understand certain portions of the language.

We did some research and we started using the free version of the Rocket Italian or I should say the introduction to Rocket Italian and we at first took a couple of weeks to say "well is this what we want?" We also went to a local bookstore and purchased a lesson in Italian that was a very inexpensive lesson, it was $25 or something like that. And you get what you pay for, and it was just one of these things where it ran through all the language and the words and things like that, and really didn't have any kind of flow to it.

So we really couldn't memorize all that data. So we feel that the Rocket Italian program and course is something you can learn, something you can easily remember and catch on because of the way you are distributing the course, by way of Internet, by way of email, by way of the lessons and your hosts are incredible.

My wife is hooked on Rocket Italian, ok, she comes home every day and she goes through the lessons. And it's a great product, great value. Thank you very much.


Andrea Gargano - Connecticut, USA - Rocket Italian

"I've impressed a lot of different people with the Italian that I've been speaking in such a short time."

Read More

Andrea Gargano

Connecticut, USA

"I've impressed a lot of different people with the Italian that I've been speaking in such a short time."

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

I would highly recommend this to friends of mine, because it is very easy to follow. I've tried a whole bunch of different courses; I think Alex and Maria are great; they speak at a slow enough pace. They make it so that you can repeat it and they make it so that you can definitely understand it.

I've impressed a lot of different people with the Italian that I've been speaking in such a short time.

I was hoping I would gain a total fluency for the language, as well as learning about the culture which is a huge help because we are going to be going to Italy.

I can't say grazie enough for this awesome class, molte grazie and ti amo...


Mikail W - United States - Rocket Italian

"Rocket Italian is the best way to learn Italian hearing it helps improve your accent also"

Read More

Mikail W

United States

"Rocket Italian is the best way to learn Italian hearing it helps improve your accent also"

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

Rocket Italian is the best way to learn Italian hearing it helps improve your accent also


FREE TRIAL