Possessive Adjectives in Spanish

My Hat, Your Hat: Understanding Possessive Adjectives

Singular NounPlural NounTranslation
mimismy
tutusyour (familiar)
susustheir, your, his, her , its
nuestro/anuestros/asour
vuestro/avuestros/asyour (formal)

These types of adjectives are used to express possession or ownership. When the pronoun is singular, these adjectives do not change according to gender. However, when the pronoun is plural (nosotros or vosotros), the possessive adjectives do reflect the gender of the subject noun.

As you can see from the table above, all possessive adjectives reflect the quantity of the noun to which they refer.

What is Owned v. Who Owns It

It may seem confusing to distinguish between the pronoun (e.g., I, you, we, them) implied by the possessive adjective, and the noun that is the subject of the sentence. Possessive adjectives will not reflect the gender or quantity of the person or persons owning a thing; rather, they’ll reflect the gender and quantity of the thing being owned.

For example, take the sentence, “My hands are sore.”

What is the subject? hands (in Spanish, manos)
What is the possessive adjective? my (in Spanish, mis)
What is the descriptive adjective? sore (in Spanish, doloridas)

Both the possessive and descriptive adjectives will reflect the gender and quantity of the subject noun, “hands.”

Por ejemplo:

Download
El color de mi vestido es negro.
The color of my dress is black.
Download
Sus padres están enfermos.
Their parents are sick.
Download
Nuestras carteras son iguales.
Our handbags are the same.

This is All Mine

There is another way of referring to what you own. You may wish to say, “That car is mine,” or, “The purse is hers.” Use one of the following words.

SingularPluralTranslation
mío/amíos/asmine, my
tuyo/atuyos/asyour, yours
suyo/asuyos/ashis, her, hers, its, your, yours
nuestro/anuestros/asour, ours
vuestro/avuestros/asyour, yours

Por ejemplo:

Download
El carro es mío.
The car is mine.
Download
The handbag is hers.
La cartera es suya.
Download
The apples are ours.
Las manzanas son nuestras.

Just like an ordinary adjective, you must match the gender (masculine or feminine) and quantity (singular or plural) of the stressed possessive adjective to the noun.

You can also use one of these words to replace the noun. Look at the difference between the following sentences:

Is this seat yours? - ¿Es este asiento suyo?
I don’t want to use yours. - No quiero usar el tuyo.

In the first sentence, “yours” is acting as an adjective. In the second sentence, “yours” is acting as a pronoun.

To use mío, tuyo, suyo, etc. as pronouns, all you have to do is add an el, la, los, or las in front.

For example, if you want to use “mine” as a noun (as in, “Mine is the best,” or, “You want mine”), you will use el mío, la mía, los míos, or las mías.

Por ejemplo:

1. ¿Tienes tú los libros de la biblioteca?

– Sí, y también tengo los míos.

- Do you have the books from the library?

– Yes, and mine too.

 

 

2. ¿Mi casa está muy desordenada, y la tuya?

– La mía está muy limpia.

- My house is very messy, and yours?

- Mine is very clean.

 

 

3. ¡Las flores en mi jardín están todas secas!

¿Las tuyas también, no?

- The flowers in my garden are all dry!

Yours are too, aren’t they?

In the next section we’ll work on Spanish Direct Object Pronouns: Talking About Me, Her and Us.

Testing!

Test yourself with the Rocket Spanish testing tools! Improve your knowledge of Spanish and earn points for your badges along the way!

Note that the tests below are listed from easiest to hardest. Also, when a test is successfully rated the rating icon will at the top right of this page will show that rating.

Hola, my name’s Mauricio Evlampieff, I’m the host of Rocket Spanish.

I come from the beautiful country of Chile, which means Spanish is my native language. But I know how hard it can be to learn a new language, because I’ve been there.

Together with my English speaking colleague, Amy, I want to help you to speak and understand Spanish while cutting your learning time in half with my Rocket Spanish online course.

I've travelled the world over, and have found that languages are a great way to meet people and discover new things. I really want to make your Spanish learning experience rewarding and fun!

Speak Spanish...
  • With over 30 fully downloadable Interactive Audio Lessons. Based on actual everyday Spanish conversations, these lessons average over 25 minutes each, giving you more than 12 hours of real Spanish conversation!

Try one for yourself today! Here is the very first Interactive Audio Lesson from Rocket Spanish

Listen to the FULL Audio

Understand Spanish...

There are just 3 steps to dramatically improving your understanding of Spanish!

  • Learn to understand exactly how Spanish works by exploring over 30 Language & Culture Lessons
  • Train your ear with Hear It Say It !, the self-testing tool that perfects your pronunciation by harnessing the power of our Rocket Record voice comparison technology.
  • Put yourself on the spot by testing how accurately you can translate randomly selected phrases using Rocket Record and the Know It! self-testing tool.
Cut your learning time in half...
  • By checking out our Advanced Learning Techniques; making the most of My Forum, our 24/7 online learners space, and making learning fun with the Language Master Games.
  • Plus you can see just how quickly you language skills are growing with My Level, our self-testing tool.

And that’s not all!

So, if you’re ready to speak and understand Spanish while cutting your learning time in half, then Rocket Spanish is just what you need...!

Like This Resource? Please Share!

Like Our Site? Follow Us!

Click here to
improve your Spanish,
get a free trial, a
free report and more...
Rocket Spanish Host - Mauricio Evlampieff
PC Mag PC mag editor rating

“Rocket Languages is our Editors’ Choice for language-learning.”

Bessie Awards

More Learn Spanish resources

Rocket Spanish Premium

This beginner level course for new learners contains some amazing features that will really get your Spanish language skills moving.

Click Here to Learn More


Click here to take a tour of Rocket Spanish Premium


Rocket Spanish Premium Plus

-Intermediate Course

This course is perfect if you have some Spanish skills already and you're ready to step up to the next level

Click Here to Learn More


Rocket Spanish Platinum

-Advanced Course

If you're ready to become a fluent, natural, confident Spanish speaker then this advanced level course is for you.

Click Here to Learn More


Learn Spanish Forum

This Spanish language forum is where you go to get feedback and to connect with other learners. Interacting with teachers and peers will really help develop your understanding!

Click Here to Learn More


Learn Spanish Blog

Rocket Languages
Reviews

How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?

How likely are you to buy again?

Are you happy with the price?

Would you recommend to a friend?

How was the Customer Service?


Renee Hinsley - Lebanon / Oregon, USA - Rocket Spanish

"I think it is good, I just wanted to get the basic part of how to learn it from text book would be getting the foundation which is countable. I took a few months at a senior center in Salem..."

Read More

Renee Hinsley

Lebanon / Oregon, USA

"I think it is good, I just wanted to get the basic part of how to learn it from text book would be getting the foundation which is countable. I took a few months at a senior center in Salem..."

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

I think it is good, I just wanted to get the basic part of how to learn it from text book would be getting the foundation which is countable. I took a few months at a senior center in Salem Oregon called the 50s club , was in class with 10 or so others,taught by a professor , used a book and we read out loud. No just a conversation but the verbs, adj. and all the rest. would be better if this was more formed that way, but I will continue to use this , very thankful. Renee Hinlsey


Alvin McClure - USA - Rocket Spanish

"This course is perfect for my needs. I'm very happy with the quality of the materials. The enunciation is crystal clear.The coursework is easy to follow yet challenging. I just need to make more time "

Read More

Alvin McClure

USA

"This course is perfect for my needs. I'm very happy with the quality of the materials. The enunciation is crystal clear.The coursework is easy to follow yet challenging. I just need to make more time "

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

I've taken the first steps and I'm on my way! This course is perfect for my needs. I'm very happy with the quality of the materials. The enunciation is crystal clear.The coursework is easy to follow yet challenging. I just need to make more time to practice!


John Daily - Dallas Pennsylvania, USA - Rocket Spanish

"...I learned about Rocket Spanish on Youtube and signed up for the 6 day free trial. After four lessons I was so impressed with my learning curve I signed up. Now I am on my way!"

Read More

John Daily

Dallas Pennsylvania, USA

"...I learned about Rocket Spanish on Youtube and signed up for the 6 day free trial. After four lessons I was so impressed with my learning curve I signed up. Now I am on my way!"

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

I always wanted to learn Spanish. I have many occasions each year that I need to communicate with Spanish customers. I learned about Rocket Spanish on Youtube and signed up for the 6 day free trial. After four lessons I was so impressed with my learning curve I signed up. Now I am on my way!


Dennis Scott - USA - Rocket Spanish

"...tutor is very helpful to get the words right and the proper inflection where it's needed. Phrase finder is great for learning words and phrases of all sorts. Enjoying the experience!"

Read More

Dennis Scott

USA

"...tutor is very helpful to get the words right and the proper inflection where it's needed. Phrase finder is great for learning words and phrases of all sorts. Enjoying the experience!"

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

Instructors are easy to understand to follow. Being able to go back over the material and compare to the tutor is very helpful to get the words right and the proper inflection where it's needed. Phrase finder is great for learning words and phrases of all sorts. Enjoying the experience!


Eleanora Swanson - United States - Rocket Spanish

"I really like the way the course is set up. I am just getting started, but glad I have the opportunity to ask questions of other learners. I need to practice more and increase my vocabulary."

Read More

Eleanora Swanson

United States

"I really like the way the course is set up. I am just getting started, but glad I have the opportunity to ask questions of other learners. I need to practice more and increase my vocabulary."

Overall
How satisfied are you with your Rocket Languages experience?
How likely are you to buy again?
Are you happy with the price?
Would you recommend to a friend?
How was the Customer Service?

I really like the way the course is set up. I am just getting started, but glad I have the opportunity to ask questions of other learners. I need to practice more and increase my vocabulary. This course offers opportunities to work through the lessons, but also to practice in a variety of ways.


FREE TRIAL