Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?

Scorpio July 27, 2010, 12:26 am

I cannot seem to understand when to use which and why. With the description "fatigue", etre was used "Je suis fatigue", but with "peur" (and many others), avoir was used "J'ai peur".

Thanks in advance !
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Marie-Claire-Riviere July 28, 2010, 10:52 pm

Good question! The difference between the two can be confusing.

"Etre" is used with verbs describing a state. A good way to remember them is to use the DR MRS VANDERTRAMP: Devenir Revenir Monter Rester Sortir Venir Aller Naitre Descendre Entrer Retourner Tomber Rentrer Arriver Mourir Partir.
This list is not a full list of verbs using "etre" but they're the most common ones.

"Avoir" is used mainly with action verbs.

Best of luck with your French learning!
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Scorpio July 29, 2010, 11:02 pm
Merci beaucoup !!
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Sami-Zaki February 10, 2011, 10:23 am
I can see that we use verb (avoir) with some words like hungry and tirsty.
J'ai faim. J'ai soif
Are there another words which used with avoir to learn??
Thanks a lot for your efforts
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
huyen--1 February 26, 2011, 4:16 am
Salut !

Show me some standard Francais vocabularies; grammars; home works and teach me the way to talk.

Thank you so much
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Sami-Zaki March 17, 2011, 8:39 pm
Thanks a lot . You are very helpful.
Have a nice day
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Mounir-C August 4, 2011, 1:30 am
Thank you for the help and all the best for you.
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Marie-Claire-Riviere January 30, 2012, 3:15 pm
Bonjour à tous!

I have decided to provide a few examples of expressions that use 'avoir'

avoir chaud to be hot
avoir froid to be cold
avoir faim to be hungry
avoir soif to be thirsty
avoir sommeil to be sleepy
avoir mal à to have an ache
avoir l’air to seem
avoir ____ ans to be __years old
avoir peur de to be afraid of
avoir honte de to be ashamed of
avoir raison to be right
avoir tort to be wrong

J'éspère que cela vous aide! - I hope this helps!

- Marie-Claire
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
ANONYMOUS April 22, 2012, 10:34 am
Your comments are very helpful, thank you. I asked a question in another thread but will repeat it here so as to get your opinion. The question is about grammar. Are verb tenses and other basic grammar rules explained anywhere in the rocket program? I bought all three levels and don't see the information relayed. In the games it assumes you already know how to conjugate. I see another commenter recommending that people buy a grammar book but I thought in buying this program that I was buying something that would give me all the information I would need to learn french. If that is incorrect what other fundamentals should I supplement the program with?
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
shiromi-w May 1, 2012, 12:56 pm
Thank you very much
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Rocket-Languages May 6, 2012, 4:28 am
Hi Brad,

Sorry for the late reply. Your Language & Culture lessons cover French grammar however if you feel you need more comprehensive grammar lessons, you might find a standard grammar book useful as you work through the course.

In case you aren't aware, you can also use the search bar at the top of the page to search for particular grammar topics (e.g. "present continuous") - it's quite helpful when you aren't sure where to look for a certain topic.

I hope that helps!

- The Rocket Languages Team
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Wosen-m May 7, 2012, 2:59 am
i don't undrestand participles pass will you help me please.
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Marie-Claire-Riviere May 11, 2012, 6:08 pm
Bonjour Wosen!

Here is a quick page that seems to explain the concept of the passé composé in French and how to use past participles.


I hope you find it useful! - J'espère que vous le trouverez utile!

À bientôt,

- Marie-Claire
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Mrunal-- May 25, 2012, 5:35 pm
CAn you help on futur proche ? How to use them in sentences. Thanks.
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
Marie-Claire-Riviere June 9, 2012, 4:39 pm
Bonjour Mrunal,

To use the futur proche, simply conjugate the verb 'aller' + the infinitive. For example:

- Je vais aller en France la semaine prochaine.

If you need any more help with this, please don't hesitate to ask.

- Marie-Claire
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?
progress-e June 15, 2012, 9:01 am
Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?

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