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Lesson 1.9, when to use "avoir" and "etre"?

ScorpioFrench NoviceTue, 27 Jul 2010 00:26:00 +0000
Hi,

I cannot seem to understand when to use which and why. With the description "fatigue", etre was used "Je suis fatigue", but with "peur" (and many others), avoir was used "J'ai peur".

Thanks in advance !
Marie-Claire RivièreGreen Star French Master ★★★Wed, 28 Jul 2010 22:52:08 +0000
Salut!

Good question! The difference between the two can be confusing.

"Etre" is used with verbs describing a state. A good way to remember them is to use the DR MRS VANDERTRAMP: Devenir Revenir Monter Rester Sortir Venir Aller Naitre Descendre Entrer Retourner Tomber Rentrer Arriver Mourir Partir.
This list is not a full list of verbs using "etre" but they're the most common ones.

"Avoir" is used mainly with action verbs.

Best of luck with your French learning!
ScorpioFrench NoviceThu, 29 Jul 2010 23:02:21 +0000
Merci beaucoup !!
Sami ZakiFrench NoviceThu, 10 Feb 2011 10:23:14 +0000
I can see that we use verb (avoir) with some words like hungry and tirsty.
J'ai faim. J'ai soif
Are there another words which used with avoir to learn??
Thanks a lot for your efforts
huyen 1French NoviceSat, 26 Feb 2011 04:16:29 +0000
Salut !

Show me some standard Francais vocabularies; grammars; home works and teach me the way to talk.

Thank you so much
Sami ZakiFrench NoviceThu, 17 Mar 2011 20:39:40 +0000
Thanks a lot . You are very helpful.
Have a nice day
Mounir CFrench NoviceThu, 04 Aug 2011 01:30:00 +0000
Thank you for the help and all the best for you.
Marie-Claire RivièreGreen Star French Master ★★★Mon, 30 Jan 2012 15:15:01 +0000
Bonjour à tous!

I have decided to provide a few examples of expressions that use 'avoir'

avoir chaud to be hot
avoir froid to be cold
avoir faim to be hungry
avoir soif to be thirsty
avoir sommeil to be sleepy
avoir mal à to have an ache
avoir l’air to seem
avoir ans to be __years old
avoir peur de to be afraid of
avoir honte de to be ashamed of
avoir raison to be right
avoir tort to be wrong

J'éspère que cela vous aide! - I hope this helps!

- Marie-Claire
Brad R2French NoviceSun, 22 Apr 2012 10:34:12 +0000
Marie-Claire,
Your comments are very helpful, thank you. I asked a question in another thread but will repeat it here so as to get your opinion. The question is about grammar. Are verb tenses and other basic grammar rules explained anywhere in the rocket program? I bought all three levels and don't see the information relayed. In the games it assumes you already know how to conjugate. I see another commenter recommending that people buy a grammar book but I thought in buying this program that I was buying something that would give me all the information I would need to learn french. If that is incorrect what other fundamentals should I supplement the program with?
thanks!
shiromi wFrench NoviceTue, 01 May 2012 12:56:06 +0000
Thank you very much
Rocket LanguagesBlue Star French MasterSun, 06 May 2012 04:28:12 +0000
Hi Brad,

Sorry for the late reply. Your Language & Culture lessons cover French grammar however if you feel you need more comprehensive grammar lessons, you might find a standard grammar book useful as you work through the course.

In case you aren't aware, you can also use the search bar at the top of the page to search for particular grammar topics (e.g. "present continuous") - it's quite helpful when you aren't sure where to look for a certain topic.

I hope that helps!

- The Rocket Languages Team
Wosen mFrench NoviceMon, 07 May 2012 02:59:51 +0000
i don't undrestand participles pass will you help me please.
Marie-Claire RivièreGreen Star French Master ★★★Fri, 11 May 2012 18:08:08 +0000
Bonjour Wosen!

Here is a quick page that seems to explain the concept of the passé composé in French and how to use past participles.

http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/French/Grammar/Tenses/Present_perfect

I hope you find it useful! - J'espère que vous le trouverez utile!

À bientôt,

- Marie-Claire
Mrunal French NoviceFri, 25 May 2012 17:35:58 +0000
CAn you help on futur proche ? How to use them in sentences. Thanks.
Marie-Claire RivièreGreen Star French Master ★★★Sat, 09 Jun 2012 16:39:30 +0000
Bonjour Mrunal,

To use the futur proche, simply conjugate the verb 'aller' + the infinitive. For example:

- Je vais aller en France la semaine prochaine.

If you need any more help with this, please don't hesitate to ask.

- Marie-Claire
progress eFrench NoviceFri, 15 Jun 2012 09:01:12 +0000
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