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Ka, Ki or Ke

L237SBHindi NoviceSun, 30 May 2010 17:08:15 +0000
Hello, I have a question regarding the use of ka, ki or ke.

Here is the sentence from the course that I am a bit confused about:

ek kamare kaa ek raath kaa kiraayaa kithanaa hai?

Why does "kamare" end in an "e" instead of an "aa". Why is it not "ek kamaraa kaa....." It seems that "kaa" changes the ending of the word "kamaraa". Is this correct and why is this so?

Thank you!
Nikita SharmaHindi CertifiedFri, 04 Jun 2010 00:25:29 +0000
namaskaar Laura,

You are right. The word "kamaraa" changed to "kamare" on adding the "saMbanDh kaarak" (possessive case) "kaa". According to the Hindi roopaavali (a part of Hindi grammar), when a possesseve case is added to a word which is masculine gender and ends with "aa",it changes to end with "e".

"kamaraa" is masculine gender and ends with "aa". So when "kaa" is added , "kamaraa" changes to "kamare"

eg:

Boy's book
ladake kaa pusthak

boy = ladakaa

boy's = ladakaa + kaa = ladake kaa

Hope this is helpful for you.


aapkee Nikita
nanou sHindi NoviceWed, 16 Feb 2011 19:11:42 +0000
namaskar nikita,
is it the same with feminine endings also?

thanks
mahesh.m Hindi NoviceFri, 04 Mar 2011 03:43:05 +0000
what are differences between hindi and sanskrit,is spoken hindi completely different from pure hindi?
Chinku TGreen Star Hindi Master ★★★Fri, 15 Mar 2013 10:44:29 +0000
kamare ends in e because there is more than one room kamara end in a because it is only one room. is this correct ?
John H8Gold Star Hindi Master ★★Sun, 08 Sep 2013 00:00:08 +0000
का / के / के ka / ke /ki
How do you express the possessive of a proper noun (for example: "Sita's book", "Ram's store")?To construct the possessive of a proper noun, add का, के , or की after the noun (just like the apostrophe "s" in English).
Examples:
Singular - Plural

Masculine सीता का संतरा - सीता के संतरे
(Type 1) Sītā ka santrā - Sītā ke santre
Sita’s orange - Sita’s oranges

Masculine सीता का फल - सीता के फल
(Type 2) Sītā ka phal - Sītā ke phal
Sita’s fruit - Sita’s fruits

Femine सीता की रोटी - सीता की रोटिपाँ
(Type 1) Sītā ki roṬī - Sītā ki roṬiyāṇ
Sita’s bread - Sita’s breads

Feminine सीता की दुकान - सीता के दुकानें
(Type 2) Sītā ki dukan - Sītā ke dukaneṁ
Sita’s shop - Sita’s shops

Please note, का / के / की ka / ke /ki agree with the thing possessed, not with the processor.
Another example Ram’s book. राम की पुस्तक - Rām kī pustak – Ram’s book
पुस्तक – pustak is femine gender. की (kī) feminine,
kī agrees with pustak, not Ram.

Another example: Boy’s book - लड़का की पुस्तक -LaṚka ki pustak
Boy is masculine -the prosesssor
Book is femine –the prosessed.
Therefore ki agree with the prosessed: pustak not LaṚka.
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