Forum Rocket German German Grammar phrase - Nächster planmäßiger Halt ist ...

phrase - Nächster planmäßiger Halt ist ...

MichaelP59

This example from the exercises suggests that nächste and planmäßiger are both declined like dieser with the masculine noun Halt, as a result they are both written like dieser as masculine nominative - nächster planmäßsiger Halt...My limited experience does not understand this usage.  I would expect rather that the phrase would be declined as nächster planmäßige Halt - just like dieser planmäßige Halt.  Can someone direct me to the correct understanding of the construction used in the exercise?

sfpugh

Adjective endings are pretty confusing, there are three different types of endings.

Weak: following der, die or das
Mixed: following ein, kein
Strong: neither der,die das, or ein, kein are present

There is a lesson on this in 10.8

In your phrase:
"Nächster Fahrplanmäßiger Halt ist Frankfurt. Ausstieg in Fahrtrichtung links.
Next scheduled stop is Frankfurt. Exit on the left-hand side."

There is no der die das so you need the strong set of endings.

The first adjective does not "become" dieser,  you need the strong endings on all the adjectives.

Julia-Rocket-German-Tutor

Hallo MichaelP59 und sfpugh,

sfpugh is right, there are three different categories which determine adjective endings:

1. Adjectives preceded by an definite article (der, die, das) or demonstrative pronoun (dieser, jener, solcher, etc.), for example:
"Der nächste fahrplanmäßige Halt ist Frankfurt." - "The next scheduled stop is Frankfurt."

2. Adjectives preceded by an indefinite article (ein, eine), kein, or possessive determiner (mein, dein, sein, etc.), for example:
"Ein großer Zug fährt nach Frankfurt." - "A big train is travelling to Frankfurt."

3. Adjectives not preceded by an article or other modifiers

In your phrase above 
"Nächster fahrplanmäßiger Halt ist Frankfurt." - "Next scheduled stop is Frankfurt."
the two adjectives nächster and fahrplanmäßiger stand alone in front of the noun Halt, so their endings have to agree with the gender, number and case of the noun. You could say they have to act as both, the adjective and article. 

Also, please note fahrplanmäßiger shouldn't be capitalised as it's an adjective. I have passed this on to get corrected in the lesson.

Hope this clears things up!

Viele Grüße
Julia
 

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