Articles and prepositions

Jakob-S1 June 5, 2014, 12:52 am
I've noticed in the lessons that Portuguese articles and prepositions all reflect the gender what it is referring to. I am halfway through the program, and still super confused about this. Can you please list the most common articles and prepositions, along with the corresponding gender and plurality? A translation for the english words for "to" and "from" and "at" would be super useful to me. Also the translations with gender for "mine" "Yours" "his" "hers" etc. Thank you so much!

Jakob
Articles and prepositions
Jakob-S1 June 5, 2014, 12:53 am
Also, if this is is one of the lessons, and I'm just missing it, can you please refer me to that lesson. Thanks!
Articles and prepositions
Helena-P2 June 5, 2014, 9:03 am
hi, Jakob!
actually, prepositions do not reflect gender in Portuguese, only when they are combined with an article. you have four possible combinations of gender/number in Portuguese: feminine/singular, feminine/plural, masculine/singular and masculine/plural.

now, you have definite articles (corresponding to 'the' in English) and indefinite articles (corresponding to 'a'/'an' in English). the first one is 'a' for feminine/singular, 'as' for feminine/plural, 'o' for masculine/singular and 'os' for masculine/plural; as for indefinite articles, they are 'uma', 'umas', 'um' and 'uns', respectively.

then, prepositions: 'to' can be roughly translated as 'para', 'from' as 'de' and 'at' as 'em'. i say roughly because it depends on the context they are used in...Read More
hi, Jakob!
actually, prepositions do not reflect gender in Portuguese, only when they are combined with an article. you have four possible combinations of gender/number in Portuguese: feminine/singular, feminine/plural, masculine/singular and masculine/plural.

now, you have definite articles (corresponding to 'the' in English) and indefinite articles (corresponding to 'a'/'an' in English). the first one is 'a' for feminine/singular, 'as' for feminine/plural, 'o' for masculine/singular and 'os' for masculine/plural; as for indefinite articles, they are 'uma', 'umas', 'um' and 'uns', respectively.

then, prepositions: 'to' can be roughly translated as 'para', 'from' as 'de' and 'at' as 'em'. i say roughly because it depends on the context they are used in. now, notice that when you combine some prepositions as 'em' and 'de' with articles in Portuguese, you get a different form, e.g. 'em'+'a'='na'; 'em'+'as'='nas'; 'em'+'o'='no'; 'em'+'os'='nos'; 'de'+'a'='da'; 'de'+'as'='das'; 'de'+'o'='do'; 'de'+'os'='dos'.

finally, possessives! i think you should wait for Tereza's commment on this, because i speak European Portuguese as a native language and there are some diferences from Brazilian Portuguese. also, she can refer you to some lesson in Rocket Languages that i do not have access to. anyway, generally grammars list possessives as follows:
for feminine/singular: 'minha' ('mine'), 'tua' ('yours'), 'sua' ('his'/'hers'), 'nossa' ('ours'), 'vossa' ('yours'), 'sua' ('theirs'); feminine/plural: 'minhas', 'tuas', 'suas', 'nossas', 'vossas', 'suas'; masculine/singular: 'meu', 'teu', 'seu', 'nosso', 'vosso', 'seu'; masculine/plural: 'meus', 'teus', 'seus', 'nossos', 'vossos', 'seus'.

i hope this helps and that it's not too confusing!
good luck
Articles and prepositions
Tereza-P June 5, 2014, 10:09 am
Hey Jakob and thanks Helena very good explanation


You can follow all European rules above except for ( theirs ) .

Theirs = deles(masculine) delas(feminine)

I hope this helps.

Tereza.
Articles and prepositions
Tereza-P June 5, 2014, 10:10 am
Hey Jakob and thanks Helena, very good explanation


You can follow all European rules above except for ( theirs ) .

Theirs = deles(masculine) delas(feminine)

I hope this helps.
Articles and prepositions
Tereza-P June 5, 2014, 10:24 am
Hey Jakob and thanks Helena, very good explanation


You can follow all European rules above except for ( theirs ) .

Theirs = deles(masculine) delas(feminine

The lesson 6.6 has good examples of prepositions, but if you have any

question just contact me again

I hope this helps.

Tereza.
Articles and prepositions

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