Spanish - Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Spanish language works, you'll be able to speak Spanish naturally, and read and write in Spanish. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

Hacer and Trabajar

When you are asking someone what they do for a living what phrase is used? En que trabajas? or Que Haces? Are these interchangeable?

2 replies - Last post by nohablo - March 13, 2011

Imperfect and indefinido verbs in the same sentence

Is this correct? (the verbs are in capitals) A:?Qué problemas tuviste antes de volver? B: Cuando ESTABA PREPARANDO mis maletas REVISé mis documentos y me di cuenta de que no TENíA mi pasaporte! A:y qué hiciste entonces? B:!Pues LLAMé inmediatamenta a ...

0 replies - Last post by vanessa-- - March 11, 2011

Ser or Estar

I have just found this neat trick/acronym for helping to select the correct verb "to be". Ser: Acronym = BOOT. B....Basic characteristics. O....Origin. O....Occupations. T....Time. Estar: Acronym = FLAT. F.....Feelings. L.....Location. A.....and. T.....T...

0 replies - Last post by sjlkh - March 10, 2011

-er,-ir,-ar,esta and soy :s

Hola :) I am a real newbie to this...and after a trip to Mexico last year (btw...i am one of those stupid tourists who have been answering "estoy muy caliente" to the question "how do u feel",so i got a good laugh when i read that part of the beginners bo...

2 replies - Last post by Eric-J - February 26, 2011

Ser and Estar

What is the difference between ser and estar?

6 replies - Last post by Ron-H - February 7, 2011

Another "sale" question

In one of the first lessons Amy says.... ¿Cuándo sale el tren al aeropuerto? Then Mauricio replies....El tren al aeropuerto sale a las cinco de la mañana en punto. My question is, when Amy speaks would it be wrong to say..."Cuando el tren sale al aerop...

0 replies - Last post by Linda-L - February 4, 2011

Hacer vs. Trabajar

I have another one. What is the difference between Hacer and Trabajar and where would I use each?

3 replies - Last post by Pascal-P - January 25, 2011

Beber or Tomar

Are these verbs interchangeable or is there a certain instance where each should be used?

2 replies - Last post by James-K1 - January 24, 2011

Use of "se"

What does "se" mean in "Se le ofrece algo mas" ?

3 replies - Last post by Esther-L - January 22, 2011

Placement of adjectives

Hi, Normally, I see adjetives placed after a noun in Spanish as in "una casa blanca." However, sometimes, adjectives come before the noun. For example, "un buen amigo." Why is this so and what are the the rules for placement of the...

3 replies - Last post by Esther-L - January 16, 2011

need an explanation of "gustar"

Ok, so I am soooo lost with some uses of "gustar". For instance: Why do you have to say "A mi" in front of the sentence "I like cats" = A mi me gustan los gatos. Why can you not just say: Me gustan los gatos. Also, why do you not use "gustamo...

5 replies - Last post by sjlkh - January 14, 2011

que vs de que

What is the difference between que and de que in terms of que being a relative pronoun and de que being a conjunction. I see de que used in place of que all the time, but have no idea why. In terms of being understood does it matter using one instead of...

5 replies - Last post by Pascal-P - January 7, 2011

Cuál es el pronóstico del tiempo

Why couldn't you use Que ? instead of Cuál

6 replies - Last post by sjlkh - January 2, 2011

Beginner's Guide

The audio mentions the Beginner's Guide for review. Where do I locate that?

20 replies - Last post by nohablo - December 29, 2010

Yo vs Me

I'm confused about me versus yo. I understand that "Yo gusto" is I like; but then why is Me gustaria "I would like?" Why not "Yo gustaria?"

1 reply - Last post by sjlkh - December 29, 2010

when do we use es & when do we use esta like es muy amable why not esta with accent on top of a?

They are both correct in that they are the third person conjugation of Ser and Estar. The difference however is that the use of es/ser suggests that the subject is always or inherently kind. The use of está/estar suggests that the subject is only kind on ...

0 replies - Last post by sjlkh - December 7, 2010

past tense y continuar

I want to say 'They continued to run around in the field" but I'm not sure which past tense to use. Is continuing something an event ( a decision to keep doing something), or timeline? I want to say a timeline, and the correct translation would be Ellos ...

0 replies - Last post by Stephanie-D - November 7, 2010

¿Qué tipo de tour le gustaría hacer?

I'm a bit confused on the last part of this - 'le gustaria hace'. Why is 'le' needed? - what kind of tour THE would you like?

1 reply - Last post by nohablo - November 4, 2010

Tienes tú....?

¿Tienes tú los libros de la biblioteca? I'm a bit confused. Why write tienes tú, if tienes already means you have, or in this case, do you have? Why the extra tú? Could the sentence be written "Tienes los libros de la biblioteca?" Is there a grammar less...

1 reply - Last post by Rachel-S - October 29, 2010

spanish pronounciation

on lesson 1.7 the word salir is pronounced differently between Amy and Maricio in the phase Tenemos que salir

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - September 20, 2010

pronunciation

In many courses for Spanish that I have seen, the "a" is said to be pronounced like in the English word father. This seems incorrect to me. It sounds like it should be pronounced like last, past, apple. Please comment

1 reply - Last post by nohablo - August 4, 2010

Correct Context

Hi Guys, What is the difference between the similar sentences below and could they both be used? Tienes alguna amiga bonita que este soltera Tienes alguna amiga bonita que esta soltera Reservo el segundo piso un restoran que solo tenia una mesa. Rerser...

0 replies - Last post by StephenGardner - July 28, 2010

sino + tambien

Hola. In lesson 14.5 "solo... sinon" is used with the word tambien (also). If "sinon" means "but also" is "tambien" optional? i.e. Clarisa es una chica no solo especial sino considerada. Would this sentence, wi...

2 replies - Last post by Jim_4 - July 13, 2010

Verbs with Hay and Hago

Hola, I am so confused over the verbs involving "h" eg. "No hay nada". Does that "hay" come from "haber' = to have? please. What about "Hago"? Is that from "Hacer"? I guess what I really need are the ...

1 reply - Last post by nohablo - July 11, 2010

Confusion in Lesson 7.3

"Como no conocer a nadie" - this expression is used in the written dialogue but in the spoken lesson it seems this expression is used interchangeably with "no conozco a nadie". When is the infinitive used rather than the first perso...

1 reply - Last post by sjlkh - July 10, 2010

Quick question

Hola, I have a very quick question. I'm working my way through the Rocket Spanish course and I have come across Como te llamas I also have a book on Latin American Spanish, and this shows Como se llamas Can they both be used or is one used in a spec...

2 replies - Last post by Pallando - July 3, 2010

Here/There... allá acá allí aquí

Hi! Can someone please tell me when to use allá, acá, allí and aquí? I'm a bit confused about what means what and where you use them. Thanks!

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - July 2, 2010

past particles

Hola a todas Is there some one on this forum that could explain to me what a past particle is.? Or maybe direct me to a website that explains it very well, so this gringo can understand what it means. :) Gracias mil Cathy

5 replies - Last post by nohablo - July 1, 2010

mega verbs

Hello I've downloaded the games and feel I need to study the verb forms before using Mega verbs. Please tell me the 50 verbs in the program . I'll study the conjugations. Then I'll be able to get some use out of the program. namaste

0 replies - Last post by namaste - June 30, 2010

Pronouns (of course)

If I ever figure out pronouns I shall celebrate. In the following phrase "Un gusto conocerte" the "te" goes at the end of "conocer". Similarly in the phrase "levantarme" the personal pronoun is at the end of th...

1 reply - Last post by nohablo - June 22, 2010

Chuchuhuasi

Hola a todas Does anyone know how to pronouce this word? It's a bark from off a tree in Ecuador. Mil gracias

4 replies - Last post by nohablo - June 17, 2010

Subjunctives - TOPIC MOVED TO LANGUAGE RESOURCES!

I am having a lot of trouble knowing when to use the subjective, can anyone help me with the secret of knowing. Just when I think I am using the right form I read somewhere or hear somewhere I'm wrong. Kathy

4 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - June 12, 2010

Here's a way to practice rolling R's

I had a friend from Cuba who was in grammar school in the 30's. He said this was the practice drill that was used to teach them when roll their R's. And it was good practice. Ere con ere cigarro. Ere con ere barril. Rapido corren los carros, Sobre los rai...

1 reply - Last post by Timaca - May 23, 2010

Body parts

I read that when mentioning a body part we are to use definite articles (el, la, los, las) instead of the possessive adjective (mi, tu, su, etc.) but one of the examples on the site says "Tengo dos lápices en __*mi*__ mano," Why is that, and wh...

0 replies - Last post by Jay2 - May 21, 2010

Indirect Object Pronouns

In the following three examples why bother using the indirect object pronoun? 1. Jenny le está escribiendo una carta a su padre. Why plug in "le"? It seems perfectly clear without it. 2. Carlos quiere darles algo a ustedes. Why add "les&q...

1 reply - Last post by nohablo - May 21, 2010

Direct and Indirect Objects

Hi, I'm a little confused here in the grammar sections on direct objects, it states that: The direct object comes BEFORE the verb Yet in the example it says: Los estoy comprando. Correct me if I'm wrong, but isn't the verb COMPRANDO? Doesn't that expre...

3 replies - Last post by BooniesPete - May 20, 2010

Reflexive Verbs

I was working the quiz on 20.7.1 and one question involved the verb dormirse. Is..."Me puedo dormirme?" correct or are there actually two reflexive parts in this. I would have expected either..."Puedo dormirme?" or "Me puedo do...

2 replies - Last post by oscar-lake - May 18, 2010

Free Video Lessons

Hola amigos, I recently found this site by way of the Learning Spanish Like Crazy forum http://www.lacasarojas.com/?cat=201 Free video instruction available for the entire year of 2010. I started my studies with Rocket Spanish level 1 then 2. Recently...

1 reply - Last post by nohablo - May 18, 2010

Followup "se"/"me"

Still working on the se and me questions. I thought I had it worked out till I saw, El monje se lleva la comida. What is the reason for the "se" I thought the above phase would be fine without the "se" Thanks in advance... tjv

7 replies - Last post by sjlkh - May 6, 2010

Words ending with 'se'

Hi Guys, Could you explain to me about words ending with 'se' and what affect it has on a word or verb? Many Thanks Stephen

2 replies - Last post by StephenGardner - April 26, 2010

rule re: changing end to "a" if you are female ex: encantada

I am sure this is a common question. I learned that you say encantada if you are female, encantado if you are male. On the second lesson, amy says "necesito" I would have thought that she would make it "necesita". What are the rules on...

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - April 21, 2010

Cómo está or Cómo está usted?

This may seem like a simple question, can someone tell me when asking asking "how someone is" in a formal situation is it required to include usted in the phrase or to simply say "Cómo está? Thanks.

3 replies - Last post by Mauricio - April 18, 2010

Important Verbs

Hi Guys, Hope your enjoying Easter. I wanted to ask a question in relation to which are the 3 most important verbs to master to be able to have an able conversation. Thanks for your help. Stephen

4 replies - Last post by StephenGardner - April 7, 2010

Pronounciation and dialects

Hola, I was just wondering if there is a resource where I can compare the different dialects of Spanish and what their commonalities and differences are. I am primarily learning Spanish to visit Spain itself, rather than South America. Therefore, it woul...

4 replies - Last post by tjv - April 5, 2010

Typing in Spanish . . ?

¿ Yo tengo una pregunta? Who on here types using Spanish Characters? you know … these characters ¡¿áéóú etc. You can accomplish this by using the U.S. International keyboard layout. I was wondering how many of you would use a small piece of software th...

10 replies - Last post by Dawsmonkee - March 31, 2010

Stem Changing verb HELP

Hello, I right now am stuck at trying to figure out stem changing verbs, how to learn and remember them? does anyone know any good tips, technique or something.

1 reply - Last post by Mauricio - March 29, 2010

rolling your r's

How important is the ability to roll the r's? I can now do it but it doesn't happen automatically and in sentences is very hard to just do. In terms of being understood, does it matter? I notice on the recordings that sometimes it is rolled and sometim...

1 reply - Last post by Mauricio - March 29, 2010

Another "SE" question

Hola, Here is another question about "SE" In Pimsluer's course they have the phase: El cajero automatico se ha comido mi tarjeta. When does one know when to use "se" in a phase like this???

1 reply - Last post by nohablo - March 27, 2010

An Additional Reflexive Pronoun?

Hola; I am practicing the flash cards and have a question regarding reflexive pronoun usage. In the example "Peter siempre se ve muy ordenado" I understand the the "se" is referring to Peter because he, himself, looks tidy. In the s...

2 replies - Last post by marti1 - March 26, 2010

Demonstrative pronouns and adjectives -

I am almost certain the answers to the exercises are in some cases wrong! ¡Ja! Allí está. ¿Es esa (4) tu maleta? -- Surely 'esa' is a pronoun; put into a direct sentence: 'Esa es tu maleta.' makes it plain that it is 'That one ...' Simlarly: 'Es negra...

2 replies - Last post by Mauricio - March 15, 2010

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