Spanish Verb Ser – "To be"

In English we know the forms of the verb "to be" without thinking. I am. You are. We are. They are. In Spanish, each verb changes to reflect the subject of the verb, as well as the tense (such as present, past, or future). These changes are called conjugations.

Spanish Verb Ser — Conjunctions

The following table shows the conjugations of the verb ser in the present tense.

Singular Subject

Plural Subject

Yo (I)

soy

Nosotros/as (we)

somos

Tú (familiar you)

eres

Vosotros/as (familiar you)

sois

Ud., él, ella (polite you, he, she)

es

Uds, ellos, ellas (you, them)

son

Por ejemplo:

Download
Yo soy de España
I am from Spain
Download
Tú eres joven
You are young
Download
Ella es profesora
She is a teacher
Download
Nosotros somos de Nueva Zelanda
We are from New Zealand
Download
Ustedes son muy inteligentes
You are all very intelligent

Drop the Subject

Each conjugation is so precise that you usually don't need to include a subject at all! In Spanish you can simply say
the verb:

• Soy de España
• Eres joven
• Somos de Nueva Zelanda

Spanish Verb Ser – Whose it is and where you're from

The word "de" is widely used with the verb ser. It means "of" when used to indicate possession and "from" when used to indicate origin.

Por ejemplo:

Download
¿De quién es el zapato?
Whose shoe is this? Literally: "Of whom is this shoe?"
Download
El zapato es de Mateo
It is Matthew’s shoe. Literally: "The shoe is of Matthew."
Esos son los pasaportes de mis padres
Those are my parents' passports (Literally: Those are the passports of my parents.)
Download
¿De dónde es Eduardo?
Where does Edward come from? Literally: "From where is Edward?"
Download
Eduardo es de España
Edward is from Spain

Talking about What You Do for a Living

The verb ser is used to describe occupation. Note that in Spanish you will say, "She is professor" (Ella es profesora), NOT "She is a professor" (Ella es una profesora). When talking about occupation, you should not include either un or una.

Por ejemplo:

Download
José es piloto de aviones
José is an airplane pilot
Download
Yo soy actor
I am an actor.
Download
Ellos son estudiantes
They are students

Be Careful with "To Be" Verbs

Unlike English, there are TWO verbs for "to be" in Spanish!

In the next section we'll work on How to Say Numbers in Spanish

Testing!

Test yourself with the Rocket Spanish testing tools! Improve your knowledge of Spanish and earn points for your badges along the way!

Note that the tests below are listed from easiest to hardest. Also, when a test is successfully rated the rating icon will at the top right of this page will show that rating.

comments powered by Disqus

Over 1,200,000 people love Rocket Languages

Here's what Rocket Languages members have to say:

Andrei
Freeman

Pennsylvania, USA

Rudi
Kopp

USA

Carmen
Franceschino

Pennsylvania, USA

Kelly
Scali

Chicago, USA

Mark
Waddel

Auckland, NZ

William
McGill

Florida, USA

Probably the best language tool I've come across. Actually love it more than Rosetta Stone and Duolingo

Try our award-winning Spanish language software for FREE

(And see how easy it actually is to learn Spanish... even if you've tried and failed before)