How to Say Numbers in Spanish

Now, it’s time to learn Spanish numbers.

Starting out: 0 to 35

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cero
0
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uno
1
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dos
2
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tres
3
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cuatro
4
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cinco
5
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seis
6
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siete
7
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ocho
8
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nueve
9
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diez
10
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once
11
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doce
12
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trece
13
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catorce
14
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quince
15
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dieciséis
16
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diecisiete
17
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dieciocho
18
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diecinueve
19
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veinte
20
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veintiuno
21
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veintidós
22
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veintitrés
23
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veinticuatro
24
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veinticinco
25
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veintiséis
26
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veintisiete
27
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veintiocho
28
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veintinueve
29
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treinta
30
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treinta y uno
31
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treinta y dos
32
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treinta y tres
33
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treinta y cuatro
34
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treinta y cinco
35

Por ejemplo:

Masculine and Feminine Numbers

You don’t have to worry about gender with numbers 90% of the time. However, if you are talking about one thing, or are using a number that ends in 1, you need to change the ending to reflect the gender of the noun that the number is describing.

If a number ends in 1, change the ending according to whether or not the number is referring to a masculine or feminine noun. (The ending will only change according to gender, not by whether the noun is singular or plural.)

• “un” for masculine, e.g. un perro, un año, un lápiz
• “una” for feminine, e.g. una vaca, una flor, una chica

Por ejemplo:

1. Eduardo tiene treinta y un años de edad.
- (Edward is thirty-one years old.)
2. Necesito veintiuna invitaciones más.
- (I need twenty-one more invitations.)

However … if you want to talk about the number 1 (or 21 or 31) on its own (i.e., as a numerical term rather than a quantity), you will not have to worry about gender. You will simply use “uno.” For example, if you want to say that 20 + 1 = 21, you will say:

Veinte más uno son veintiuno.

Numbers from 36 to 102

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treinta y seis
36
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treinta y siete
37
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treinta y ocho
38
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treinta y nueve
39
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cuarenta
40
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cuarenta y uno
41
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cincuenta
50
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sesenta
60
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setenta
70
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ochenta
80
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noventa
90
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cien
100
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ciento uno
101
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ciento dos
102

Once you master the basic pattern, you can construct any number. For example, how would you say 135? Simply remember: 135 = 100 + 30 + “and” + 5.

Ciento + treinta + y + cinco = ciento treinta y cinco

Although the number 100 is cien, any number between 101 and 199 starts with ciento.

199 = ciento + noventa + y + nueve = ciento noventa y nueve

Asking How Much or How Many

In Spanish, the question “How many?” is asked with one simple word:

¿Cuántos?

If you are asking how many oranges (las naranjas) there are, however, you must ask, “¿Cuántas?” as oranges are feminine.

If you want to know how much something costs (el costo), ask: “¿Cuánto cuesta?” Can you guess why you use cuánto instead of cuántos Here’s a hint: is “el costo” singular or plural?

A response to “How many?” will often begin “There are….” For example,

How many (orange are there)? - ¿Cuántas (naranjas hay)?
There are 10 oranges. - Hay diez naranjas.

Fortunately, in Spanish there is no difference between “there is” and “there are.” You can say both of them with a single word:

hay

You can also use “hay” to ask the questions: “Is there?” or “Are there?”

Por ejemplo:

You may also be interested to know that the words unos and unas can also mean “some.” For example:

• Tengo unas flores. - (I have some flowers.)

• Quiero unos pantalones. -(I want some pants.)

Numbers from 101

Be careful … some of these numbers can be tricky.

Unlike English, you do not say “one thousand” for the number 1000 in Spanish (un mil is incorrect), but simply use the word “mil.”

Also note that when you get to the thousands, the word for “thousand” in Spanish, mil, does not have a separate plural form. Two thousand is dos mil, NOT ‘dos miles.’

The only time mil is used in its plural form (miles) is when you talk about “thousands” of something in general, using it in the sense of “many” rather than any particular number. For example,

Hay miles de peces en el mar.
- (There are thousands of fish in the sea.)

Tengo un millón doscientos mil quinientos pesos en el banco.
- (I have 1,200,500 pesos in the bank.)

Hay cincuenta mil automóviles en la carretera.
- (There are 50,000 automobiles on the highway.)

En Chile hay más o menos trece millones de habitantes.
- (In Chile, there are more or less 13,000,000 inhabitants.)

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ciento uno
101
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ciento dos
102
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ciento diez
110
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ciento cincuenta
150
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dos cientos
200
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quinientos
500
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setecientos
700
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novecientos
900
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mil
1000
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mil cien
1100
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dos mil
2000
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tres mil
3000
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cinco mil
5000
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cien mil
100,000
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quinientos mil
500,000
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un millón (de)
1,000,000
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dos millones (de)
2,000,000
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cien millones (de)
100,000,000

Don’t Forget the Gender

Not only will you continue to change the gender of numbers ending in 1 when used as a quantity, you will also change the gender of numbers ending in –tos (i.e., the hundreds) to reflect the noun they describe.

Por ejemplo:

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El rancho tiene cuatrocientas vacas.
The ranch has four hundred cows.
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Hay dos cientas niñas en la escuela.
There are two hundred girls in the school.
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Manejamos seiscientos clientes en mi compañía.
We manage six hundred clients in my company.

Reverse Puncuation: How to Write Big Numbers

If you are in Spain and about to write down a number for some Spanish friends, you need to be careful with your punctuation! Periods and commas are reversed in Spanish numbers. For example, if you want to tell them that something costs $12,870.65, you need to write it down as $12.870,65.

Although some parts of the Spanish-speaking world do follow the American convention, it helps to know that €99,95 is not a typo in Spain, so don’t go looking for a missing final digit!

In the next section we’ll work on How to Tell the Time in Spanish

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