Describing People in Japanese

How good are you at describing people in Japanese? After this free audio lesson you’ll know some Japanese adjectives to describe someone’s appearance and the kind of person they are as well. This will really spice up your Japanese conversation skills!

How do you explain someone is "handsome"? What is the Japanese word for "friendly"? Listen to the Rocket Japanese speakers and practice saying the words and phrases aloud. Let’s get started!

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She is friendly.

Describing People's Appearance in Japanese

Let's kick things off by learning how to describe someone's appearance, starting with their hair.

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かみ が みじかい です。

Kami ga mijikai desu.

(They have) short hair.


かみ が ながい です。

Kami ga nagai desu.

(They have) long hair.


かのじょ は かみ が セミ ロング です。

Kanojo wa kami ga semi-rongu desu.

She (has) medium-length hair.


かれ は かみ が ストレート です。

Kare wa kami ga sutorēto desu.

He (has) straight hair.


ちゃぱつ です。

Chapatsu desu.

(They have) dyed brown hair.


かみ が ちゃいろ です。

Kami ga chairo desu.

(They have) brown hair.


かみ が くろ です

Kami ga kuro desu.

(They have) black hair.


きんぱつ です。

Kinpatsu desu.

(They have) blond hair.


あかげ です。

Akage desu.

(They have) red hair.

Next, let's take a look at some phrases we can use to describe someone's eye color.


かれ は め が ちゃいろ です。

Kare wa me ga chairo desu.

He (has) brown eyes.


かのじょ は め が みどり です。

Kanojo wa me ga midori desu.

She (has) green eyes.


かれ は め が あおい です。

Kare wa me ga aoi desu.

He (has) blue eyes.

What if you want to say someone is "tall" or "short"? Let's take a look at how we would say this.


かのじょ は せ が ひくい です。

Kanojo wa se ga hikui desu.

She is short.


かれ は せ が たかい です。

Kare wa se ga takai desu.

He is tall.

Lastly, let's learn how to say someone is "pretty" or "good-looking."


かれ は かっこいい です。

Kare wa kakkoī desu.

He is good-looking.


かのじょ は きれい です。

Kanojo wa kirei desu.

She is pretty.

Describing Abilities in Japanese

Now that you can describe someone's appearance, let's learn some phrases you can use to describe someone's abilities, like how "fast" they can run, or how "strong" they are.


かのじょ は はやい です。

Kanojo wa hayai desu.

She is fast.


かれ は おそい です。

Kare wa osoi desu.

He is slow.


かのじょ は つよい です。

Kanojo wa tsuyoi desu.

She is strong.


かのじょ は よわい です。

Kanojo wa yowai desu.

She is weak.

Describing Personalities in Japanese

Next, let's take a look at some words and phrases we can use to describe someone's personality.


かのじょ は やさしい ひと です。

Kanojo wa yasashī hito desu.

She is a kind person.


かれ は しんせつ な ひと です。

Kare wa shinsetsu na hito desu.

He is a friendly person.


かのじょ は しずか な ひと です。

Kanojo wa shizuka na hito desu.

She is quiet person.


かのじょ は うちき な ひと です。

Kanojo wa uchiki na hito desu.

She is a shy person.


かのじょ は あたま が いい です。

Kanojo wa atama ga ī desu.

She is an intelligent person.


かれ は にんたい づよい ひと です。

Kare wa nintai-zuyoi hito desu.

He is a patient person.


かのじょ は たいだ な ひと です。

Kanojo wa taida na hito desu.

She is a lazy person.


かれ は ぎょうぎ が わるい ひと です。

Kare wa gyōgi ga warui hito desu.

He is bad-mannered person.


かれ は まじめ な ひと です。

Kare wa majime na hito desu.

He is a serious person.


かのじょ は よく はたらく ひと です。

Kanojo wa yoku hataraku hito desu.

She is a hard-working person.


かれ は れいせい な ひと です。

Kare wa reisei na hito desu.

He is a calm person.


かのじょ は ゆうかん な ひと です。

Kanojo wa yūkan na hito desu.

She is a brave person.


かれ は おもしろい ひと です。

Kare wa omoshiroi hito desu.

He is a funny person.


かのじょ は まずしい です。

Kanojo wa mazushī desu.

She is poor.


かのじょ は おかねもち です。

Kanojo wa okanemochi desu.

She is rich.

That’s it for this lesson. With all these descriptions, you can describe anyone!

Here are a few recommended Japanese lessons to try next:

  • Imagine you’re traveling in Tokyo and you need to ask for directions in Japanese. Learn how in this lesson!
  • Talking about your emotions in Japanese is a great way to connect with Japanese friends. Learn how to talk about your feelings in this lesson.
  • This lesson is all about describing your face in Japanese.

それ で は また! (Sore de wa mata!) "Well then, see you next time!"

Sayaka Matsuura: Rocket Japanese

Make It Stick With Rocket Reinforcement

Reinforce your learning from this lesson with the Rocket Reinforcement activities!