Before addressing anyone though, it is a good idea to take a moment to consider the situation. But do not worry - there are only a couple of things to keep in mind: first, whether you know the person in question, and second, is the person an adult or a child. As you probably know, Russians make more of a distinction between formal and informal speech than speakers of English do.
Resources for further reading:
So, how do you decide when a situation is formal or informal? It’s not that difficult, really! If you don’t know the Russian person you are addressing, then as long as they aren’t a child – it’s a formal situation. So simple. When you first meet a Russian person they will tell you their name: it could be their full formal name, or a shortened version. You should address them from that time on using the same name.
In formal situations, like at work or in an office, Russians address one another by their first name and patronymic (which is formed from the first name of one’s father), for instance:
Rocket Record lets you perfect your Russian pronunciation. Just listen to the native speaker audio and then use the microphone icon to record yourself. Once you’re done, you’ll get a score out of 100 on your pronunciation and can listen to your own audio playback. (Use a headset mic for best results.) Problems? Click here!
At universities, or medical institutions they can also address people by their title:
In the streets, shops, public transport, restaurants and other public places you might hear:
young man (to a young man)
Girl (to a girl or a young woman)
Boy (to a young boy)
Girl (to a little girl)
Man (to an older man)
Woman (to an older woman)
If you need to address a police officer you can say:
In case you need to address a Russian president you should use:
However, if you are not sure how to address someone, there’s one phrase that will always be safe to say:
Excuse me, please
Reinforce your learning from this lesson with the Rocket Reinforcement activities!