How to Address People in Russian
In today’s lesson we’ll cover ways on how to address people in Russian. It’s very important to know how to do that in case you need to ask for something when you are traveling in Russia.
Before addressing anyone though, it is a good idea to take a moment to consider the situation. But do not worry - there are only a couple of things to keep in mind: first, whether you know the person in question, and second, is the person an adult or a child. As you probably know, Russians make more of a distinction between formal and informal speech than speakers of English do.
So, how do you decide when a situation is formal or informal? It’s not that difficult, really! If you don’t know the Russian person you are addressing, then as long as they aren’t a child – it’s a formal situation. So simple. When you first meet a Russian person they will tell you their name: it could be their full formal name, or a shortened version. You should address them from that time on using the same name.
In formal situations, like at work or in an office, Russians address one another by their first name and patronymic (which is formed from the first name of one’s father), for instance:
How to address people in Russian
At universities, or medical institutions they can also address people by their title:
In the streets, shops, public transport, restaurants and other public places you might hear:
If you need to address a police officer you can say:
In case you need to address a Russian president you should use:
However, if you are not sure how to address someone, there’s one phrase that will always be safe to say: