Namaskar Nikita, Can you explain when do we use mujhe as opposed to Mai or mere. it seems that they are all used to mean "I " at some time or another and sometimes they are used to mean "me". Shukriya Aapka Dave.
November 10, 2009
December 17, 2009
Namaskar Dave, thank you for your post. I'm sure this is something other people have wondered about as well. I will try to explain it: Subject case: "mai" means "I" and is used in sentences like "I am" for example "Mai Nikita HooAO" (I am Nikita) Objective case: "mujhe" means "to me/ for me" and is used in sentences like "I want", "I think", "Give me" for example "Mujhe chaay chahiye" (I want tea) or "Mujhe lagathaa hai baarish hogee" (I think it will rain) or "Mujhe dheejiye" (Give me) Posessive case: "mere" means "my" and is used in sentences like "my pen", "I have a pen" for example "meraa kalam" (My pen) or "Mere paas ek kalam hai" (I have a pen) Here the words mujhe and mere are formed when different case forms are added to the noun maiM. 1.Objective Case (karm kaarak) The objective case in Hindi is obtained by adding ko to noun. maiM + ko = mujhko or mujhe He gave me a pen Us ne mujhe kalam dhee OR us ne mujhko klalam dhee Here the word mujhe is used to give the meaning to me Take another sentence I think it will rain mujhe lagthaa hai baarish hogee Here , even if the English sentence starts with I, the corresponding Hindi sentence starts with mujhe which means to me. In Hindi, expressions like I want or I think are expressed using the objective case form i.e., mujhe. 2.Possessive case (sambanDh kaarak) Possessive case is obtained by adding kaa, ke or kee to noun. maiM + kaa = meraa ( when the object related is singular masculine) Eg: My son = meraa betaa maiM + kee = meree ( when the object related is singular / plural feminine ) My daughter = meree betee My daughters= meree betiyaaAO maiM + ke = mere ( when the object related is plural masculine / or in expressions like I have) My sons = mere bête I have a pen = Now , take the example I have a pen. This is also a possessive case sentence. So the corresponding Hindi sentence is mere paas kalam hai The whole expression I have is substituted with mere paas. Here the word mere does not mean I , but it is the possessive case form. I hope that sheds some light on it. Please let me know if you have further questions. All the best for your Hindi learning. Nikita
December 17, 2009
Namaste Nikita, Dhanyavaad! I am very grateful that you took the time to explain my question in detail. You have made it so simple that it is almost too easy. The examples really made it easy to understand. If I can ask one more question; please, please.. Can you explain the usage and meaning of ho gaya and aagaya ect as well as how and when you use hoga/hogee. just some highlights would probably do unless you see the need for more details. Hope I am not asking too much silly questions. Again thank you so much. I really appreciate your help. Aapka Dave.
December 29, 2009
Namaskaar Dave, I am glad to know that the examples were helpful to you. Now, I will try to explain the usage of "gayaa, aagayaa, hogaa and hogee" Gayaa is the past tense of the verb jaanaa . Or in simple words, Jaanaa = to go Gayaa= went. Eg: He went = vah gayaa But aagayaa means has come. He has come = vah aagayaa. Coming to the next part,- hogaa / hogee. These are the future tense forms of verb hona, meaning be. Eg: baarish hogee = It will rain. thoofaan hogaa= There will be a storm baarish is feminine gender and we use hogee thoofaan is masculine gender and we use hogaa. So, it is the gender of the object that decides the form of hona Hope this helps to understand the usages and feel free to come back if you have more questions. Happy Hindi Learning! Nikita
February 3, 2010
namaskaar aap sab kaise haiM? mujhe aise lagathaa hai ki aap sab paDaaee meM leen haiM. maiM yah jaanane ke lie uthsuk hooM, ki aap kee paDaaee kaisee chal rahee hai ! Can you try to make out the above peice of conversation? Good luck! aapkee Nikita
May 15, 2011
June 3, 2011
i will get some words as aap mean you and kaise mean how jaanane mean to know something i don tknow if im right
June 5, 2011
aap sab kaise haiM? you all have you got? mujhe aise lagathaa hai ki aap sab paDaaee meM leen haiM. To me ... think have you all have my ...have maiM yah jaanane ke lie uthsuk hooM, ki aap kee paDaaee kaisee chal rahee hai ! I go .. have, you have some tea have
March 21, 2013
yah bahut accha hai.