Conjugation

Chuck-E

Chuck-E

In Lesson 3.4, there is the statement "Allora riposa e cerca di dormire." Riposa is of the verb "riposare" and cerca from "cercare." Since this is Maria speaking to her friend Alex, why doesn't she say "riposi" and "cerci" as in "Allora riposi e cerci di dormire" (you rest and you try)?
Robert-W2

Robert-W2

I think it is because she is "commanding" him to rest and try. I remember a rule in speaking spanish that requires you to add the (he, she, formal you) ending to a verb in order to make it a command.
Phillip-V

Phillip-V

D'accordo Chuck. ci vediamo
Maria-DiLorenzi

Maria-DiLorenzi

Ciao Filippo e Roberto, the sentence " riposa e cerca di dormire" means "rest and try to sleep". Here we use the familiar imperative tense to express a command. In order to be able to conjugate the verb to imperative, you just need to use the present indicative of the verb without the subject (tu,noi,voi). Example: tu scrivi becomes scrivi ! But remember this rule is valid for verb which infinitive ends in -ere adn -ire (scrivere, partire,etc.) In fact for the verb with infinitive ending in -are, you will need to change the last vowel -i into an -a. Example: tu parli becomes parla! If you like to have more information about the use of imperative tense, please go back to lesson 5.8 . I hope this helps :) Buon divertimento Ciao
Chuck-E

Chuck-E

Grazie a tutti.
Alice-G

Alice-G

Ciao Maria In a couple of verb and grammar books I am also using they have a 3rd person conjugation for the imperative, which doesn't appear in Lesson 5.8. eg for avere: abbi, abbia, abbiamo, abbiate, abbiano I can't work out when you would use abbia or abbiano. Is it outdated? If not could you give me an example of a sentence where you would use the 3rd person singular or plural form?
Maria-DiLorenzi

Maria-DiLorenzi

Ciao Alice, Ciao Alice, when using the imperative mood you will conjugate the 2nd singular person (pronoun: tu as you) and the 2nd plural person (proun: voi as you -all) only. Example: finiscila (tu)! stop it !(you to one person only) finitela (voi)! stop it! (you to more people) The verbs that you are mentioning are conjugation of the subjunctive mood (in Rocket Italian Premium Plus). I hope this helps. Ciao

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