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Parentheses in Japanese



In lesson 4.2, the first sentence of the conversation is:
すみません、さやか さん。なに を よんで (い)る ん です か?
Excuse me, Sayaka, what are you reading?

Why is there a pair of parentheses around the い in いる? 
toru e

toru e

Hi AC747, 〜てる/〜でる is a further contraction of the 〜ている/〜でいる conjugation to indicate "continuous"/-ing verb, so this was a way of indicating that both よんでいるand よんでる  can be used interchangeably in colloquial speech.


Hi AC747, 


Our apologies for any confusion caused. We have since updated the Japanese text in the audio lessons and removed the bracketing to avoid confusion. 


If you want to learn more about continuous verbs, check out this lesson:

"Note that the い (i) in 〜て います is often dropped in informal speech!"

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