French Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the French language works, you'll be able to speak French naturally, and read and write in French. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new topic at the bottom. Don’t be shy!

The Perfect Tense

This is really a suggestion and not a question but I think it would be helpful.  In Lesson 3.6 - Talking about the Past: Passé Composé, it would help general understanding if the lesson somewhere stated that to form the past participle of regular verbs, you use the infinitive of the verb and...

0 replies - Last post by DennisK8 -
Feb 13, 2019

Why is is it' l'on' in the question below

Hi In the question Avez vous un numero de telefon ou l'on peut vous joindre - is the l in front of on a prounoun?  Why is it there? Why is it not ou on peut joindre? Thank you for any help! Karen

0 replies - Last post by RobG10 -
Feb 13, 2019

Des fleurs or de fleurs?

Can someone explain to me why it's: Y a-t-il DES fleurs dans votre jardin? but Il n'y a pas DE fleurs dans mon jardin Thanks! :)

2 replies - Last post by CynthiaP11 -
Feb 12, 2019

Unable to find lessons on conditional present/past and plus-que-parfait

I have looked through all the lessons (level 1/2/3) and am unable to find the lessons where conditional is covered for present and past and there doesn't seem to be any lessons on plus-que-parfait (pluparfait). The only lesson I found was 19.6, which actually states that is was already covered...

2 replies - Last post by Jefluz -
Jan 2, 2019

Que est-ce c'est le '(e)'á le fin de 'désolé'? or what does the (e) at the end of désolé and fatiqué mean?

Why is there (e) at the end of the words désolé and fatigué in the early lessons? For example 'désolé(e)'and 'fatigué'. Any help gratefully recieved, merci et à bientôt. 

2 replies - Last post by Marie-Claire-Riviere -
Oct 26, 2018

Use of est-ce que

Hi , So i am wondering if anybody can explain this for me - a complete beginner. I am in Level 1 Module 3 .    So translating from English to French the answers I have been given are  1) Which wine do you prefer? = Quel vin est-ce que vous preferez? 2) Which tram do I take to the...

1 reply - Last post by Marie-Claire-Riviere -
Oct 26, 2018

future tense

Isn't this a mistake in Lesson 13.8?  Mon responsable essayera de faire de son mieux. Shouldn't it be "essaiera"?

3 replies - Last post by Marie-Claire-Riviere -
Oct 26, 2018

All about Adverbs Lesson 21.8

There are discrepancies in this lesson, in particular the spelling of poliment (shown both with and without an e after the i), and  enormement and precisement (shown both with and without second e accented). This is sloppy and although i have raised it with the team, I haven't received a...

1 reply - Last post by Marie-Claire-Riviere -
Oct 26, 2018

Imperfect vs passe compose lesson 17,1

The lesson includes the following lines:  "Vous avez vu comme Isabelle etait surprise en arrivant.  Elle n'etait vraiment au courant de rien.  Oui, c'etait une bonne idee de lui reserver la surprise." "le grand jour est arrive et la surprise etait totale. Isabelle a ete completement...

1 reply - Last post by Marie-Claire-Riviere -
Oct 26, 2018

What's the difference between Parle and Parlez?

I know parle is pronounced (parl) and Parlez (parle). I heard parle is used for one person and parlez is used for multiple. When you're saying "est-ce que vous parlez francais?" what if you're only talking to one person?

1 reply - Last post by alexmoreno -
Sep 17, 2018

Moi and moins

Is "moi" (me) pronounced the same as "moins" (less) or is there a subtle difference in the way these two words are pronounced? Thanks! Jordana

2 replies - Last post by Jordana16 -
Aug 11, 2018

Hit a roadblock!

I am 60 years old and have tried to learn French several times over the past few years.  I had high hopes for Rocket French until I hit a roadblock near the middle/end of lesson one with definite, plural, indefinite articles, etc. I find the explanations confusing. Is there a supplementary...

3 replies - Last post by Marie-Claire-Riviere -
Aug 10, 2018


Hello, I was wondering that the versatile word before le jeu de l'invité  , should be d'. because the word invité  if I am correct in French is masculine. Can you explain me the fact that in general invité-guest, which generally in my first point of view it looks like it should not have...

0 replies - Last post by Andi111 -
Jul 14, 2018

PDF download

Hi, How can I download all the pdf of all the 3 levels? Thanks, Shreyans

3 replies - Last post by shreyans-- -
Jun 1, 2018

French: help with adjectives ending in "ible" & "able"

Please can you point me in the direction of any rules that will help me to know which endings to use. Thanks

0 replies - Last post by shawcath00 -
Nov 21, 2017

conjugation eter verbs

A quiz question asked, 'What are the two conjugations of "you buy" (using vous singular and vous plural). Answer choices include: 1)Tu achetes (with an accent grave over the first e), vous achetez and 2)tu achettes, vous achetez. The correct answer is 1 but why is the t not doubled? According to...

0 replies - Last post by writer22 -
Nov 13, 2017

Why deosn't the word "Internet" (in French) have an article?

I'm just up to lesson 9.1 in which one sentence is: "Regarde sur Internet". Why not "Regarde sur l'Internet"?  I had assumed all French nouns need an article. Is it because it's a 'borrowed' word, or a proper noun perhaps (I noticed it's capitalised)?  But I believe we still say l'Angleterre ...

4 replies - Last post by agwarner -
Oct 29, 2017

Pour or de

I haven't been able to distinguish when to say "pour" or "de" for the English "for." I am only at level 1, however. Thank you.

1 reply - Last post by torusan -
Sep 24, 2017


Lesson 5.1 Nous ne vendons pas de bouteilles .... Why isn't it DES bouteilles (to match the plural)?

2 replies - Last post by JanG -
Sep 21, 2017


Is there an less informal way of asking this question? Q'uest ce que tu aimes manger? Aimes-tu manger?

8 replies - Last post by Pascal-B -
Jul 20, 2017

Why present tense?

The last line in the conversation in lesson 2.3 is Malheureusement vous arrivez trop tard ! (Unfortunately, you've arrived too late!) That's present tense. Why? I would expect it to be in passé composé or in some form of preterite.  

3 replies - Last post by Marie-Claire-Riviere -
Jul 16, 2017

Having trouble with "r" in words

I have been having trouble pronouncing the "r" in words. It could be because I live in an area which is known for dropping the "r", but it is making me frustrated. Do you have any advice to help me?

3 replies - Last post by lesieur200 -
Mar 22, 2017

"nous avons de..." or "nous avons des..."

I'm working on unit 5.2 and came across these two sentences: (1) Nous avons de charmants tableaux par ici. (We have some charming pictures over here.) (2) Est-ce que vous avez des pantoufles ? (Do you have any slippers?) Both refer to something in the plural (e.g. charmants tableaux) but the...

2 replies - Last post by Peter--252 -
Mar 17, 2017

Help with toujours, encore, déjà and jamais

Hi -- I understand the regular sense of these adverbs well enough, but there are so many exceptions to the regular sense, exceptions that don't make sense in English.  Also, when the concepts of time continuing or interrupted or never occurring or never occurring again get even more confusing...

1 reply - Last post by torusan -
Feb 26, 2017

Tests not working (no feedback)

Tests in lessons 4.1 and 4.6 of Japanese Level 1 are not working. The audio files play normally and I can record my answers, but there is no feedback. If I click on the "Reveal" button to move forward, the page disappears (does not reload the same page) and bumps me to the main page of "My...

4 replies - Last post by jason-oxenham-ceo -
Feb 9, 2017

C'est l'heure de or du

This is just a minor point which I'd appreciate a clarificiation: Just going through unit 2.6 which gives two examples of "c'est l'heure...": C'est l'heure du déjeuner !        =     It's lunch time! C'est l'heure de dormir.             =      It's time to sleep. In the first...

2 replies - Last post by Meages -
Dec 31, 2016

Moving up a level

How do I get from French level 1 to french level 2 or level 3? (level 1 is too easy)

5 replies - Last post by jason-oxenham-ceo -
Dec 4, 2016

20.2 French Etiquette, questions for the usage of le/en/on

Bonjour tout le monde, j'ai queleques questions. I'm extremely confused in lesson 20.2 with "le / en" and the usage of "on". I've tried to put all the pronouns back. Please check it for me. Et voici-moi quelques conseils.  à ce qu'on dit? (so they say?)  Why "on" is equal to "they",...

6 replies - Last post by Sue--114 -
Oct 26, 2016

passe compose

The lesson didn't mention when to use the auxilliary verb ete or avoir for passe compose

1 reply - Last post by Diana-S1 -
Sep 30, 2016

passe compose

The lesson didn't mention when to use the auxilliary verb ete or avoir for passe compose

0 replies - Last post by lawchewing -
Sep 30, 2016

Looking for lessons to distinguish plain verbs from verb with prepositions

I need more practice in learning the difference between plain verbs and the same verb that changes meanings when a preposition plus infinitive or only infinitive is added. Some examples: parvenir vs. parvenir à compter vs. compter plus infinitive (i.e. compter aller) vs. compter sur  vs....

2 replies - Last post by dalemcmillen -
Sep 19, 2016

French level2 lesson 9.1 -- why " Je n'ai pas encore acheté de billet " instead of " le billet " ?

In French Level 2 lesson 9.1 Au concert『Non, en fait je voudrais mais je n'ai pas encore acheté de billet.』 In this sentence, why not le billet   but de billet.   ?  

1 reply - Last post by torusan -
Sep 14, 2016

Pouvoir Expressed in English

Pouvoir is translated to can, or to be able to in English. In Lesson 10.6, is the example Tu peux me tutoyer ! in which the translation is given as You can say « tu » to me!  The English translation is grammatically incorrect; it should read You may say « tu » to me!. Can speaks of  a...

2 replies - Last post by Marie-Claire-Riviere -
Aug 23, 2016

French Grammar

The this and that , these and those with gender are hard to pronounce and remember.  I wonder is there any tips to familiarise them Gary

0 replies - Last post by lawchewing -
Aug 13, 2016

french grammer

The this and that, cellui are hard to pronounce and remember

0 replies - Last post by lawchewing -
Aug 13, 2016

Paul ask: Oui, mais pouvez-vous parler un peu plus lentement ?

In this sentence:  Oui, mais pouvez-vous parler un peu plus lentement ?   Why is "parler" written in Infinitive and not in 1. person plural

1 reply - Last post by torusan -
Jul 10, 2016

Le, La and Lui

Bonjour, My name is Tricia, as I went through Lesson 1.4 Are you thirsty, I got it that " Je t'apporte ça" means " I bring it to you" ; and from Lesson 1.3 Learning French, " Est-ce que vous le/la comprenez" mean " do you understand him/her ". I asked my nephew whose native language is French...

2 replies - Last post by tricquynh -
Jul 7, 2016

Pas des ou Pas de?

Hi everyone, I don't understand why "de" is used instead of "des" in this phrase although "livres" is plural: "Il n'y a pas de livres dans le sac" Does this means that only "pas de" is valid for whatever types of noun comes after it and "pas des" is always not true? Thanks guys in advance  

2 replies - Last post by thachphamvu -
Jun 5, 2016

Idiomatic and Non-idiomatic Pronominal Verbs

Lesson 10.5 presents pronominal verbs, and at the end of the lesson are idiomatic and non-idiomatic pronominal verbs.  Two examples are included. First example:  Idiomatic:  Je demande à Céline son adresse . . . . . Non-idiomatic:  Nous nous demandons où ils sont Second example: ...

3 replies - Last post by torusan -
Jun 1, 2016

Capital letter after comma

Is the usage of a capital letter after a comma standard in French? As in: 'Oui, Je parle français'. I've had a quick search online but couldn't find any reference to it. Is it specific to being after oui or non?

4 replies - Last post by jason-oxenham-ceo -
May 10, 2016

Et pour ce qui est du dîner ?

Can someone help me understand the grammar behind this sentence?   "Et pour ce qui est du dîner ?"  In the lesson, the English translation is "and with regards to dinner?"  - -but I can't get my head around this.   It looks like, "and for what is some dinner?" to me. I remember learning a...

3 replies - Last post by Jake1 -
May 3, 2016

Ne se soit pas

My example in the lesson today is: "Nous sommes desoles que la soiree ne se soit pas bien passe" I can see that the subjunctive turns etre into SOIT here.... but why the "se" before the soit? I understand when people are doing things together, "se" can come into it - - like "on se parlera...

3 replies - Last post by Jake1 -
May 3, 2016


The example I have today is: "Je suis triste que nous n'ayons pas pu venir" and I'm wondering how or why "avoir" comes into it.   The translation is: " I'm sad that we couldn't come" - but the subjunctive for "pouvoir" is "nous puissions" so can it be:  "Je suis triste que nous ne...

3 replies - Last post by Jake1 -
May 3, 2016

Ne pas devoir

Can anyone tell me why this example in my lesson is: "Nous acheterons assez a manger pour ne pas devoir aller au restaurant" when my logic tells me I want to put it this way: "Nous acheterons assez a manger pour ne devrons pas aller au restaurant" And I have rarely seen "ne pas" put together...

2 replies - Last post by Jake1 -
May 3, 2016

l'on se connaisse

One of the examples in my lesson today is focusing on the subjonctif. The example is: "Il est important que l'on se connaisse mieux" So why is the L in front of the "on"?  Usually le or la represents another subject or another person, something being referred to.  But in this example, I...

2 replies - Last post by booksoutloudhfx -
Apr 10, 2016

personal pronouns

how do you know to use or to translate "la sienne or le sien"?  His or Her and for that matter the same question about "son"? For example "Ce n'est pas son jouet. C'est le sien"  a boy and a girl fighting over a toy - how do you know if "son" is her or his and the same for "le sien" - is it...

5 replies - Last post by Bud-C1 -
Mar 18, 2016

Ce n'est pas ce que je pensais

Please explain  the 2 "ce"s. The 1st one was self explanatory but what was the purpose or meaning of the 2nd ce, i.e. what was it's place grammatically speaking to make the proper sentence to mean what it meant. My instinct was to skip the 2nd one but I'm sure it would mean something else or...

18 replies - Last post by Robert-C7 -
Feb 11, 2016

FlashCards: I will bring you a hot drink (polite form)

I will bring you a hot drink (polite form)  ANSWER: Je vous apporte une boisson chaude This to me is present tense:  I bring or I am bring you a hot drink. what happened to the "will"?  I venture to use the future tense:  Je vous apporterai une boisson chaude Am I again translating word...

5 replies - Last post by M-L -
Feb 10, 2016

Nous aussi nous avons

So when you say "we also have vegetarian dishes", why are there two "nous"? "Nous aussi nous avons des plats vegetariens" (in my lesson today) Thanks!

2 replies - Last post by floribon -
Feb 10, 2016

voyagent -elles

An example in Lesson 7 has "Et combien de personnes voyagent-elles" "And how many people are travelling?" I'm wondering why it doesn't say, "Et combien de personnes sont voyager?" or if this is an alternate in any way? Thanks!

4 replies - Last post by booksoutloudhfx -
Jan 23, 2016

Showing 1-50 of 274 posts

Ask a question or a post a response

If you want to ask a question or post a response you need to be a member.

  • If you are already a member login here.

  • If you are not a member you can become one by taking the free Rocket French trial here.

Over 1,200,000 people love Rocket Languages

Here's what Rocket Languages members have to say:

Andrei Freeman - Pennsylvania, USA


Pennsylvania, USA

Rudi Kopp - USA



Carmen Franceschino - Pennsylvania, USA


Pennsylvania, USA

Kelly Scali - Chicago, USA


Chicago, USA

Mark Waddel - Auckland, NZ


Auckland, NZ

William McGill - Florida, USA


Florida, USA

Probably the best language tool I've come across. Actually love it more than Rosetta Stone and Duolingo

Try our award-winning online French course for FREE 受賞歴ありの英語学習ソフトウェアを無料でお試しください Pruebe nuestro galardonado software del idioma inglés GRATIS

(And see how easy it actually is to learn French... even if you've tried and failed before) (そして英語学習がどれだけ簡単か、肌で感じてみてください…今までに失敗したことのある人でもそれが分かるでしょう) (Y vea qué tan fácil es en realidad aprender inglés… aún si lo ha intentado y fallado antes)