あるく / あるいて

イ リ ニ

こんにち は  みなさん!

I have two questions from lesson 3.1 I hope someone can help me with.

Question 1:  I want to make sure I understand how to express walk / walking.  In lesson 3.1, there is the example:

あるく より らく    /    Aruku yori, raku desu yo! 
Easier than walking

Wouldn't "easier than walking" be:
あるい  より らく    /    Aruite yori, raku desu yo! 

My understanding so far is:
あるく / aruku = walk stem form
あるき ます / aruki masu = to walk
あるいて / aruite = act of walking (te form)

I'm hoping there is an upcoming lesson on understanding the "te" form more :-)

Question 2:  In the same lesson, when practicing this sentence:

くるま で のぼって たのしい です か / Kuruma de nobotte masu tanoshii desu ka?
Is it fun to climb by car

I keep making the mistake of putting "" before "tanoshii". 
くるま    で     のぼって           たのしい    です    か

Is this a case where を is not used not because it's correct, or because it's not really necessary as it's implied?  If it is used, how does the meaning of the sentence change?

ありがとう  ございます!

Crystal-Rocket-Japanese-Tutor

Hi イリニさん,

1. In this case, you would not use「あるいて」because the て-form of a verb is the form that you use to conjugate sentences.
E.g. 「きょう いぬ に あえて うれしかった。」Literal meaning: "I met a dog today, and I was happy."

「あるく」is the plain form of the word "walk". You will encounter this later in the course, so, for now, it might be better to just take 「あるく より」 as a phrase that means "rather than/instead of walking..."

2. We use the particle「を」after an object that you are doing something to with the verb.
E.g.「おちゃ を のみます」"I drink tea".

In the sentence in your question, there is no object that you are doing something to. Instead, you are describing the action. Therefore, you do not need「を」. It is easier to see this if we turn your question sentence into a statement.
E.g.「くるま で のぼって たのしかった です。」Literal meaning: "I went up by car, and it was fun."
 
Hope that helps!

Crystal

イ リ ニ

Ok, now I'm starting to understand て-form a bit better.

So, を is used to "describe the action/something that you're doing to an object" (e.g. to drink tea).  That makes so much more sense.  Thank you!!

Crystal-Rocket-Japanese-Tutor

Hi イリニさん,


Just to clarify,「を」marks the object that you are doing something to with the verb.
E.g. 「わたし は たまご を たべます。」"I eat eggs."
In this case, "eggs" is the object I am doing something to with the verb "eat".


Hope that helps and がんばって ください!

Crystal 

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