Subject particles

Tyler24

im currently in 2.2 of rocket Japanese and ive enjoying it a lot. however i am really struggling with subject particles. Like WA, O, and GA. i get why they are used i dont understand when im supposed to use each one. ive also seen more then just these three so does anyone know how many there are? and do they all have different meanings and are used in different circumstances 

toru e

I have the Kondansha A Dictionary of Japanese Particles as a reference, and on the inside front cover, there's a quick table of basic particles, and I counted 125.

I counted variations of the particle as one (ex: けれど [keredo] which functions like "but" or "however" has the variations: けど [kedo] / けれども [keredomo] / けども [kedomo]). I used to use the more informal sounding けど all the time (because I saw an art historian on TV use it when he was analyzing an artwork and I was trying to imitate conversational "smart talk" :)), but I noticed that my teacher would tend to use the more polite けれども, or けども, which has a register in between. So yes, on some of these particles, there would be some differences in the level of politeness.

Getting comfortable with particles was definitely one of the bigger challenges for me too, but I think with continued exposure to the structure of Japanese grammar and sentences, you'll start getting a more intuitive sense for them. がんばってください!

ClaudiaR-sc5G

I have "All About Particles" by Naoko Chino.   It's 149 pages of particles and how they are used, with examples.  Particles have different uses and there are many of them.  Some of the uses include marking the subject, topic, direct object, connecting clauses, indicates a reason, etc., etc.  The book says particles have over 200 different usages.   To make it harder, most particles have multiple  meanings as well as multiple uses. This is a great book to have as a learning tool or just for reference.  You will gradually get the idea of how they are used as you get more exposure.  Particles, in my opinion, are one of the trickiest parts of Japanese.

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