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Forum Rocket Russian Russian Grammar Russian Noun endings after Prepositions

Russian Noun endings after Prepositions

MichaelW157

MichaelW157

Hello,  can you help me?  I am very confused about  how Russian nouns change after prepositions.  

 

Can you help simplify this for me?  Maybe some kind of table?

 

I noticed that after a preposition, the noun (with feminine ending) frequently  changes to a “Y” ending.  That is about all I know. 

 

There is something about the noun changing endings after prepositions that is a real problem for me.

 

Thank you.

Best,

Michael

 

 

Evgenia - Rocket Russian Tutor

Evgenia - Rocket Russian Tutor

This is the specific feature of the Russian language – nouns do change their endings. But they do not do it randomly: their endings change according to the grammatical requirements of a sentence.

In our course we start with the Prepositional case (4.7). The most common prepositions here are:

в - in/at

на - on/at

о – about

If you compare how words appear in a dictionary (or their nominative case) with how they change when the above prepostions are used before them – you’ll get an idea:

 

парк (park)                 в парке (in the park)               в парках (in parks)

школа  (school)         в школе (at school)                  в школах (at schools)

станция (station)      на станции (at the station)   на станциях (at stations)

стол (table)                 на столе (on the table)           на столах (on tables)

вино (wine)                о вине (about wine)                 о винах (about wines)

and you can continue the list in the same manner using the examples from our lessons. You can try different prepositions with the same word., like: 

город – в городе – в городах

               о городе  – о городах 

Soon, you'll start to see the pattern.

There are some exceptions, of course, they are best to be memorised as a whole phrase, such as.: в шкафу (in the cupboard)

Once you feel comfortable with this case, you can move on to the next one. But make sure, you have plenty of practice with it. Just take one case at a time, otherwise it may seem overwhelming. 

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