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Consonants in Hindi

Welcome to this free lesson on Consonants in Hindi!

There are 33 consonants in the Hindi Language. The first step to learn any language is to start with the alphabet, similarly in Hindi too, we will start with the basics.

Consonants and Vowels are the most basic things in the Hindi language. In this Free lesson, we will introduce you to the Hindi Consonants. For your better understanding, we have also added one example with each consonant.

Resources for further reading:

You will notice that ङ and ञ are missing from this list. This is because these two letters, although part of the Devanagari script, are not part of any Hindi words. They are used in other languages such as Sanskrit and Marathi, which are also written in the Devanagari script.

Let's get started on the consonants in Hindi.....

Pronouncing Consonants in Hindi

व्यंजन (Vyanjana) “Consonants”

Practice Your Pronunciation With Rocket Record

Rocket Record lets you perfect your Hindi pronunciation. Just listen to the native speaker audio and then use the microphone icon to record yourself. Once you’re done, you’ll get a score out of 100 on your pronunciation and can listen to your own audio playback. (Use a headset mic for best results.) Problems? Click here!

ka

as in “ca”r

कुरसी

kurasī

chair

kha

as in “kh”aki

खाना

khānā

to eat

ga

as in “g”arden

गाना

gānā

to sing

gha

as in “gh”astly

घर

ghara

home

ca

as in “ch”arm

चाबी

cābī

key

cha

as in छतरी (“ch”atarī) “umbrella”

छत

chata

roof

ja

as in “j”ar

जेब

jeba

pocket

jha

as in झाड़ू (“jh”ādū) “broom”

झाड़ू

jhāḍū

broom

ṭa

as in ठंढ (“ṭh”aṃḍha) “cold”

टमाटर

ṭamāṭara

tomato

ṭha

as in ठंढ (“ṭh”aṃḍha) “cold”

ठीक

ṭhīka

okay / fine

ḍa

as in “da”rk

डोर

ḍora

string

ḍha

as in ढोल (“ḍh”ola) “drum”

ढक्कन

ḍhakkana

lid

ṇa

as in बाण (bā“ṇa”) “arrow”

बाण

bāṇa

arrow

ta

as in “Ta”nzania

ताला

tālā

lock

tha

as in “th”anks

थाली

thālī

plate

da

as in दांत​ (“d”āṃta) “teeth”

दरवाज़ा

daravājā

door

dha

as in धन (“dh”ana) “wealth

धन

dhana

wealth

na

as in “na”me

नमक

namaka

salt

pa

as in “pa”rk

पानी

pānī

water

pha

as in “ph”armacy

फल

phala

fruit

ba

as in “ba”n

बहन

bahana

sister

bha

as in भाई (“bhā”ī) “brother”

भारत

Bhārata

India

ma

as in “ma”rk

महाराजा

mahārājā

maharaja

ya

as in “ya”rd

यार

yāra

friend (informal)

ra

as in “ra”nk

रात

rāta

night

la

as in “la”ke

लाल

lāla

red

va

as in “va”nilla

वर

vara

bridegroom

śa

as in “sha”rp

शादी

śādī

wedding

ṣa

as in दोष (do“ṣa”) “blame”

षडयंत्र

ṣaḍayaṃtra

conspiracy

sa

as in “sa”t

सूरज

sūraja

sun

ha

as in “ha”m

हाथ

hātha

hand

क्ष

kṣa

as in क्षमा (“kṣ”amā) “forgiveness”

क्षण

kṣaṇa

moment

Well, that was a lot for you to take in. You've done a great job!

Here are a few recommended Hindi lessons to try next!

फिर मिलेंगे (phir milenge),

Nikita Sharma: Rocket Hindi