Happy Birthday in Japanese

In this lesson we learn how to wish a friend happy birthday in Japanese. Listen carefully to the Japanese pronunciation of happy birthday and practice speaking aloud until you feel confident.

Pronouncing Happy Birthday in Japanese

おたんじょうび おめでとう!


Otanjōbi omedetō!

Happy Birthday!

The "o" at the beginning of  tanjyoubi  is an honorific prefix to show politeness. Without the honorific "o", the word for birthday is:





You can also use omedetou as an informal way to congratulate someone in general. It's very useful! Let's practice it on its own:




Asking for someone's age

Here is a useful phrase when you want to ask your friend how old they are turning!

なん さい です か?


Nan sai desu ka?

How old are (you)? (informal)

You might hear their reply in the following format - 

わたしの たんじょうびは  .... ねん  .... がつ  .... にち です

私の誕生日は .... 年 .... 月 .... 日です

Watashino tanjōbiwa (year) nen (month) gatsu (day) nichi desu.

My birthday is on [day] [month] [year].

That's all for today! Be sure to use these phrases the next time you want to wish a friend "happy birthday" in Japanese.

Here are a few recommended Japanese lessons to try next!



Sayaka Matsuura
Rocket Japanese

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