Common Spanish Phrases

These common Spanish phrases are your Spanish language survival kit essentials. Listen to the free audio lesson and repeat these basic phrases after the native speaker--it's that easy!

Whether you're traveling to Spain, Mexico or another Spanish-speaking country on business or vacation, or you need to speak in a Spanish language environment closer to home, you'll need to know these commonly used Spanish expressions and sentences to communicate with those around you.

Resources for further reading:

Learn how to greet and farewell people in Spanish, and what to say at different times of the day. Perhaps you want to ask someone how they are, or what they've been up to lately... and you'll need to know what to say when someone asks you! Practice welcoming someone in Spanish, or saying sorry, and numerous other essential phrases...

Listen carefully to the pronunciation on the audio and repeat the Spanish sentences after the native speaker. Think of it as your very own speaking Spanish phrasebook, and remember, you can't just listen to them, you have to pronounce them... yes, out loud!

Rocket Spanish - Common Spanish Phrases, Llama, Andean Plateau
Llama, Andean Plateau

Spanish Greetings

Here are some of the most basic Spanish expressions to get you started. Further on in this lesson, we will look at the pronunciation of these and more Spanish sentences.

  • ¡Buenos días, Estela! - Good morning, Estela!
  • Buenos días, Esteban. ¿Cómo estás? - Good morning, Esteban. How are you?
  • Bien, ¿y tú? - Well, how about you?
  • Como siempre. - As always.
  • Buenos días - good morning
  • Buenas tardes - good afternoon
  • Buenas noches - good evening
  • Hola - hello
  • ¿Cómo estás? - How are you? (used with friends or family)
  • ¿Cómo está usted? - How are you? (more formal; used with strangers, more senior persons, etc.)

Are you ready? Here is a brief Spanish conversation. Listen to Esteban and Estela as they greet one another.

Practice Your Pronunciation With Rocket Record

Rocket Record lets you perfect your Spanish pronunciation. Just listen to the native speaker audio and then use the microphone icon to record yourself. Once you’re done, you’ll get a score out of 100 on your pronunciation and can listen to your own audio playback. (Use a headset mic for best results.) Problems? Click here!

¡Buenos días, Estela!

Good morning, Estela!

Buenos días, Esteban. ¿Cómo estás?

Good morning, Esteban. How are you?

Bien, ¿y tú?

Well, how about you?

Como siempre.

As always.

Greetings like “good morning” or “good afternoon” are incredibly important in Spanish. As the Latin culture is more formal, going through the ritual of greeting another person is an important way of showing respect. In fact, in some parts of Latin America, you are expected to greet every person individually, even if they’re in a group. That means that if you’re walking along the road in a village and pass a group of five people, you’ll have to say, “Good morning,” five times! Here are some common greetings:

buenos días

good morning

buenas tardes

good afternoon

buenas noches

good evening

muy buenos

a shortened version of the above three greetings, suitable anytime



"How are you?" in Spanish

After you greet someone, you’ll want to ask how they are or how’s it going. Here are some common questions that follow a greeting:

¿Cómo estás?

How are you? (used with friends or family)

¿Cómo está usted?

How are you? (more formal; used with strangers, more senior persons, etc.)

¿Cómo te va?

How's it going?

¿Cómo has ido?

How've you been?

¿Qué tal?

What's up?

¿Qué pasa?

What's happening?

¿Qué haces?

What are you doing?

What could you say if someone asks you one of these questions?

Bien, gracias. / Muy bien.

Well, thanks. / Very well.

Como siempre.

As always.

Un poco cansado (for men) Un poco cansada (for women)

A little tired.

Estoy enfermo (for men) Estoy enferma (for women)

I'm sick.

Más o menos.

Okay, so-so.



Todo bien.

All good.



A common follow-up question is, “And you?” ¿Y tú?

Casual Greetings in Spanish

Here’s another conversation. This one is much more casual. You’re likely to hear this kind of conversation among young people.

Hola, Estela, ¿qué tal? ¿Qué haces?

Hello, Estela, how are you? What are you doing?

Nada, nada. Estoy enferma.

Nothing, nothing. I'm sick.

Ah, lo siento.

Ah, sorry.

¿Y tú? ¿Cómo te va? ¿Bien?

How about you? How are you doing? Well?

Sí, todo bien.

Yes, all right.

Essential Phrases

The above words are extremely important. From experience, I know that the most important phrase in any language is how to say you’re sorry! Others disagree. They say that there are THREE important phrases that you absolutely must know in any language. They are:

Lo siento.

I'm sorry.

Te amo.

I love you.

Necesito ayuda.

I need help

Hmm, I can’t think of a situation in which I’d need to use all three, but I’ll leave it to your imagination!

How to Say Goodbye in Spanish

You can say goodbye with one of the following phrases:





hasta luego


hasta pronto

see you soon

hasta la vista

until we see each other again

nos vemos

see ya

Other Common Spanish Phrases

¡Buena suerte!

Good luck!


Have fun!

¡Con mucho amor!

Lots of love!

¡Buen viaje!

Have a good trip!

¡Buen provecho!

Enjoy your meal!



¡Muy bien!

Well done!


Take care!


Take care! (formal)

Los mejores deseos para…

Best wishes to…



¡Bienvenidos! / ¡Bienvenidas!


¡Feliz Cumpleaños!

Happy Birthday!


Bless you!

¡Feliz Navidad!

Merry Christmas!

¡Feliz Año Nuevo!

Happy New Year!

¡Salud! has two usages… you use this word when giving a toast “Cheers!” and also when someone sneezes--the Spanish equivalent of “Bless you!”

¡Lo siento!

I'm sorry!

Another way to say “I’m sorry” is Perdón. This one is more of an “Excuse me” phrase. Perdón, pero dónde están los baños? “Excuse me, but where are the toilets?”


Excuse me!

One expression that is milder than Lo siento is Disculpeme. And when you’re late for a meeting, you can say…

¡Mil disculpas!

A thousand sorry's!

When you have to interrupt a meeting, say…

Siento interrumpir.

Sorry to interrupt.

A polite way to ask someone to get out of your way, or if you’re leaving a conversation, or leaving a table is to say…

Con permiso.

Excuse me.

If someone stepped on your toes and apologized you might want to say…

¡No se preocupe!

No worries!

I hope you've found this lesson on common Spanish phrases helpful. You'll soon see how much your attempts to become part of the Spanish-speaking community are appreciated, and it won't be long before you're ready to learn more Spanish.

You want to learn more already? Great! I happen to know a super-practical Spanish language course you're going to LOVE! Come see me at Rocket Spanish and I'll tell you all about it!

Or if you want to check out more free lessons on Spanish phrases, here are some recommended ones:

See you soon! ¡Hasta pronto!

Mauricio Evlampieff: Rocket Spanish

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