Basic Spanish Words

If you are a beginner, here are some basic Spanish words to get you started.

Perhaps you want to learn the basic Spanish words for greetings, or some survival Spanish words for your vacation, like directions, time, numbers, shopping, the weather, food, the days and months, your country and nationality, how to travel to places and some simple words for getting around when you're there...

If you’re traveling to a Spanish-speaking country or you're in a Spanish-speaking environment, you need to know some basic everyday Spanish words for those times when you’ve got something to say or questions to ask and the people around you speak only Spanish!

Being surrounded by a foreign language can be challenging, but learning some basics - such as this simple vocabulary – will make a huge difference to your experience. It's a fast and easy way to start interacting with Spanish-speaking people, who will be delighted by your attempts and help you build on the Spanish you already know.

I hope you find these free resources helpful. If you enjoy learning these basic Spanish words, you'll be blown away by how much Spanish you can learn in a short time with my Rocket Spanish course. Get the full story here...

Learn Basic Spanish Words

Greetings and words for basic conversations in Spanish

adiós goodbye bien, gracias / muy bien well, thanks / very well bienvenidos welcome buenas noches good evening, good night buenas tardes good afternoon buenos días good morning chao goodbye ¿cómo está Ud.? how are you? (formal) ¿cómo estás? how are you? (familiar) ¿cómo se llama Ud.? what’s your name? (formal) ¿cómo te llamas? what’s your name? (familiar) con permiso pardon me, excuse me conversación (la) conversation ¿de dónde eres? where are you from? (familiar) ¿de dónde es Ud.? where are you from? (formal) de nada you’re welcome el gusto es mío the pleasure is mine encantado pleased to meet you gracias / muchas gracias thank you / thank you very much hasta la vista see you later, until we see one another again hasta luego see you later hasta mañana see you tomorrow hasta pronto see you soon hola hello, hi igualmente likewise le presento a— I would like to introduce you to— (formal) lo siento I’m sorry me llamo my name is mucho gusto pleased to meet you no hay de qué no worries, nothing to worry about no muy bien not very well nos vemos see you perdón pardon me, excuse me ¿qué hay de nuevo? what’s new? ¿qué hora es? what time is it? ¿qué pasa? what’s happening? ¿qué tal? what’s going on? how’s it going? saludos greetings señor, Sr. (el) gentleman, sir, Mr. señora, Sra. (la) lady, adult woman, Mrs. señorita, Srta. (la) young lady, Miss soy de— I’m from— te presento a— I would like to introduce to you to (familiar) ¿y tú? and you? (familiar) ¿y Ud.? and you? (formal)

Numbers in Spanish - Part 1

Numbers los números 0 cero 1 uno 2 dos 3 tres 4 cuatro 5 cinco 6 seis 7 siete 8 ocho 9 nueve 10 diez How many do you want? (polite) ¿Cuántos quiere? I want one. Quiero uno. How many bread rolls do you want? (polite) ¿Cuántos panes quiere? I want one bread roll. Quiero un pan. How many tickets do you want? (polite) ¿Cuántos boletos quiere? I want three tickets. Quiero tres boletos. How many siblings do you have? (polite) ¿Cuántos hermanos tiene? I have two siblings. Tengo dos hermanos. 1 + 1 = 2 (One plus one equals two. ) Uno más uno es dos. 1.5 (one point five) uno punto cinco

Numbers in Spanish - Part 2

10 diez 20 veinte 30 treinta 40 cuarenta 50 cincuenta 60 sesenta 70 setenta 80 ochenta 90 noventa 100 cien 11 once 12 doce 13 trece 14 catorce 15 quince 16 dieciséis 17 diecisiete 18 dieciocho 19 diecinueve How old are you? (polite) ¿Cuántos años tienes? I’m 21 years old. Tengo veintiún años de edad. How much does it cost? ¿Cuánto cuesta? It costs twenty dollars. Cuesta veinte dólares. dollars dólares cents centavos It costs $19.95. Cuesta diecinueve dólares y noventa y cinco centavos. 100 cien 200 doscientos 300 trescientos 400 cuatrocientos 500 quinientos 600 seiscientos 700 setecientos 800 ochocientos 900 novecientos 1000 mil 2000 dos mil 3000 tres mil 4000 cuatro mil 5000 cinco mil 6000 seis mil 7000 siete mil 8000 ocho mil 9000 nueve mil 1,000,000 un millón

Words for telling the time in Spanish

¿a qué hora? at what time? antes (de) before de la mañana in the morning de la noche in the evening, at night de la tarde in the afternoon después afterwards, then después de after durante during en punto on the dot, exactly, sharp entonces then es la una it’s one o’clock hora (la) hour jamás never, not ever luego afterwards, then más tarde later medianoche (la) midnight mediodía (el) noon (literally, midday) menos cuarto / menos quince quarter to nunca never, not ever por último finally ¿qué hora es? what time is it? siempre always son las— it’s — o’clock tarde afternoon, late tiempo (el) time y cuarto / y quince quarter after y media / y treinta thirty (minutes past the hour)

Spanish words for seasons, days of the week and periods of time

anoche last night anteayer day before yesterday año pasado (el) last year ayer yesterday día (el) day época (la) period, time, season estación (la) season fin de semana (el) weekend futuro (el) future hoy today hoy es today is mañana (la) tomorrow, morning mes (el) month pasado (el) past presente (el) present semana (la) week semana pasada (la) last week lunes Monday martes Tuesday miércoles Wednesday jueves Thursday viernes Friday sábado Saturday domingo Sunday primavera (la) spring otoño (el) autumn, fall verano (el) summer invierno (el) winter

Nationalities and countries in Spanish

alemán, alemana German canadiense Canadian chino Chinese ecuatoriano Ecuadorian español (el) Spanish estadounidense (el, la) American (from the U.S.) francés, francesa French inglés, inglesa English italiano Italian japonés, japonesa Japanese mexicano Mexican nacionalidad (la) nationality norteamericano North American (from the U.S.) puertorriqueño Puerto Rican ruso Russian Alemania Germany América del Norte North America América del Sur South America Canadá Canada Escocia Scotland España Spain Estados Unidos (Los), also EE.UU. United States Europa Europe Francia France Gran Bretaña Great Britain Inglaterra England Irlanda Ireland Italia Italy México Mexico Nueva Zelanda New Zealand país (el) country Rusia Russia

How to describe people in Spanish

alto tall amable friendly antipático unpleasant bajo short bonito pretty brillante bright casado married chistoso funny contento happy delgado thin, slender enfermo sick feo ugly fuerte strong gordo fat guapo handsome, good-looking hermoso beautiful inteligente intelligent joven young loco crazy pobre poor rico rich rubio blond saludable healthy simpático nice, likeable soltero single tonto silly, foolish viejo old

Directions in Spanish

a la derecha to the right a la izquierda to the left al lado beside atrás behind, ago cerca near debajo below, under delante de in front of desde … a from … to detrás behind ¿dónde está…? where is? en in, on encima on top entre between, among lejos far away, distant sobre on, over

Spanish words for the weather

clima (el) climate, weather ¿cómo está el tiempo/el clima? how’s the weather? contaminación smoggy está despejado it’s clear está fresco it’s fresh/cool está lloviendo it’s raining está nevando it’s snowing está nublado it’s cloudy hace buen/mal tiempo it’s nice/bad weather hace calor it’s hot hace frío it’s cold hace sol it’s sunny hace viento it’s windy helado icy, frozen hielo ice lluvia rain neblina fog nieve snow ¿qué tiempo hace? what’s the weather like?

Spanish Words for Places

la agencia de viajes travel agency el almacén department store el banco bank los baños públicos public bathrooms la cafetería café el cambio de monedas currency exchange la carnicería butcher el centro comercial mall, shopping center el centro histórico historic district el centro turístico tourist center la comisaría police station el correo post office la embajada embassy la estación de tren train station la farmacia pharmacy el hospital hospital la iglesia church la lavandería laundromat la librería bookstore el mercado market el museo museum el palacio real royal palace la panadería bakery la parada de buses bus stop la parada de taxis taxi stop el parque park la piscina swimming pool el restaurante restaurant los servicios higiénicos restrooms el supermercado supermarket la tienda store, shop

Some basic Spanish words to know on vacation

acampar to camp agencia de viajes (la) travel agency agente de viajes (el, la) travel agent ascensor (el) elevator autobús (el) bus cabaña (la) cabin cama (la) bed cancelar to cancel carpa (la) tent confirmar to confirm descansar to rest empleado (el) employee equipaje (el) luggage estación (la) station, season estación de autobuses, del metro, de tren (la) bus, subway, train station estadía (la) stay estar de vacaciones to be on vacation habitación individual, doble (la) single, double room hacer las maletas to pack one’s suitcases hacer turismo to go sightseeing hacer un viaje to take a trip hacer una excursión to go on a hike, to go on a tour huésped (el, la) guest inspector de aduanas (el) customs inspector ir de compras to go shopping ir de pesca to go fishing ir de vacaciones to go on vacation ir en autobús, auto(móvil), avión, barco, motocicleta, taxi to go by bus, car, plane, boat, motorcycle, taxi jugar a las cartas to play cards llave (la) key llegada (la) arrival maleta (la) suitcase montar a caballo to ride a horse pasaje (de ida y vuelta) (round-trip) ticket pasaporte (el) passport pasar por la aduana to go through customs pescar to fish piso (el) floor (of a building) planta baja (la) ground floor recorrer to tour an area reservación reservation sacar/tomar fotos to take photos salida (la) departure, exit turístico touristy viajar to travel viajero (el) traveler

Spanish words for colors

amarillo yellow anaranjado, color tomate/naranja orange arco iris (el) rainbow azul blue blanco white claro light color (el) color gris gray marrón, color café brown morado purple negro black oscuro dark rojo red rosado pink verde green

Basic Spanish words to know when shopping

abrigo (el) coat almacén (el) department store barato cheap blusa (la) blouse bolsa (la) purse; bag bota (la) boot bueno good caja (la) box, cash register camisa (la) shirt, blouse caro expensive cartera (la) wallet, handbag centro comercial (el) shopping mall, commercial center chaqueta (la) jacket cinturón (el) belt cliente (el) customer, client comprar to buy compras (las) shopping (the things you buy) corbata (la) tie corto short (in length) costar to cost de segunda mano secondhand dinero (el) money elegante elegant falda (la) skirt gafas (las) glasses (such as sunglasses) gastar to spend (money) guantes (l0s) gloves impermeable (el) raincoat juego (el) set (as in a set of sheets), game largo long (in length) lentes (los) glasses (such as corrective lenses) lentes de contacto (los) contact lenses llevar to wear, to carry medias (las) socks, pantyhose mercado (el) market nuevo new pagar to pay pantalones (los) pants, trousers pantalones cortos (los) shorts par (el) pair precio (fijo) (el) (fixed or set) price prestar to lend, to loan rebaja (la) sale regalo (el) gift regatear to bargain ropa (la) clothing, clothes ropa interior (la) underwear sandalias (las) sandals sombrero (el) hat suéter (el) sweater tarjeta de crédito (la) credit card tienda (la) shop, store tintorería (la) dry cleaners traje (de baño) (el) (bathing) suit traje (el) suit vendedor (el) salesperson vender to sell vestido (el) dress zapatos de tenis (los) (tennis) shoes

Spanish words for food

aceite de olivo (el) olive oil agua (mineral) (el) (mineral) water ajo (el) garlic almorzar to have lunch almuerzo (el) lunch arroz (el) rice arvejas (las) peas atún (el) tuna azúcar (el) sugar beber to drink bebida (la) drink bistec (el) steak café (el) coffee camarero (el), mesero (el) waiter camarones (los) shrimp caracol del mar (el) sea snail carne (la) meat carne de res (la) beef cebolla (la) onion cena (la) meal, dinner cenar to have dinner, to have a meal cereales (los) cereal, grains cerveza (la) beer champiñón (el) mushroom chuleta (de cerdo) (la) (pork) chop comer to eat comida (la) food, meal delicioso delicious desayunar to have breakfast desayuno (el) breakfast ensalada (la) salad espárragos (los) asparagus frijoles (los) beans frutas (las) fruits hamburguesa (la) hamburger huevo (el) egg jamón (el) ham jugo (el) juice langosta (la) lobster leche (la) milk lechuga (la) lettuce limón (el) lemon maíz (el) corn mantequilla (la) butter manzana (la) apple margarina (la) margarine mariscos (los) seafood mariscos (los) shellfish mayonesa (la) mayonnaise me gustaría I would like melocotón (el) peach menú (el) menu naranja (la) orange pan (tostado) (el) (toasted) bread papas/patatas (fritas) (las) (fried) potatoes; French fries pavo (el) turkey pedir to order (food) pera (la) pear pescado (el) fish pimienta (la) black pepper plátano (el) banana plato (principal) (el) (main) dish pollo (asado) (el) (roast) chicken probar to taste, to try queso (el) cheese recomendar to recommend refresco (el) soft drink rico delicious, yummy sabroso tasty, delicious sal (la) salt salchicha (la) sausage sándwich (el) sandwich sección de fumar (la) smoking section servir to serve sopa (la) soup té (helado) (el) (iced) tea tomate (el) tomato uva (la) grape verduras (las) vegetables vinagre (el) vinegar vino (blanco/tinto) (el) (white/red) wine yogur (el) yogurt zanahoria (la) carrot

If you want more on Spanish words then check these out! - Need to ask for the bathroom in Spanish? You don't want to miss this lesson.

Adios Mauricio Evlampieff Rocket Spanish