Resources for further reading:
Here are some of the first 10 Spanish numbers to get you started. Further on in this lesson we will look at the pronunciation of these and more Spanish numbers.
Rocket Record lets you perfect your Spanish pronunciation. Just listen to the native speaker audio and then use the microphone icon to record yourself. Once you’re done, you’ll get a score out of 100 on your pronunciation and can listen to your own audio playback. (Use a headset mic for best results.) Problems? Click here!
treinta y uno
treinta y dos
treinta y tres
treinta y cuatro
treinta y cinco
Por ejemplo (for example):
You don’t have to worry about gender with Spanish numbers 90% of the time. However, if you are talking about one thing, or are using a number that ends in 1, you need to change the ending to reflect the gender of the noun that the number is describing.
If a number ends in 1, change the ending according to whether or not the number is referring to a masculine or feminine noun. (The ending will only change according to gender, not by whether the noun is singular or plural.)
• “un” for masculine, e.g. un perro, un año, un lápiz
• “una” for feminine, e.g. una vaca, una flor, una chica
1. Eduardo tiene treinta y un años de edad.
2. Necesito veintiuna invitaciones más.
However, if you want to talk about the number 1 (or 21 or 31) on its own (i.e., as a numerical term rather than a quantity), you will not have to worry about gender. You will simply use “uno.” For example, if you want to say that 20 + 1 = 21, you will say:
treinta y seis
treinta y siete
treinta y ocho
treinta y nueve
cuarenta y uno
Once you master the basic pattern, you can construct any number. For example, how would you say 135? Simply remember: 135 = 100 + 30 + “and” + 5.
Although the number 100 is cien, any number between 101 and 199 starts with ciento.
In Spanish, the question "How many"? is asked with one simple word:
If you are asking how many oranges (las naranjas) there are, however, you must ask, ¿Cuántas? as oranges are feminine.
If you want to know how much something costs (el costo), ask: ¿Cuánto cuesta? Can you guess why you use cuánto instead of cuántos Here’s a hint: is el costo singular or plural?
A response to "How many"? will often begin with "There are…". For example,
Fortunately, in Spanish there is no difference between "there is" and "there are." You can say both of them with a single word:
You can also use hay to ask the questions: "Is there"? or "Are there"?
You may also be interested to know that the words unos and unas can also mean “some.” For example:
Be careful, some of these numbers can be tricky.
Unlike English, you do not say “one thousand” for the number 1000 in Spanish (un mil is incorrect), but simply use the word mil.
Also note that when you get to the thousands, the word for “thousand” in Spanish, mil, does not have a separate plural form. Two thousand is dos mil, NOT ‘dos miles.’
The only time mil is used in its plural form (miles) is when you talk about “thousands” of something in general, using it in the sense of “many” rather than any particular number. For example,
un millón (de)
dos millones (de)
cien millones (de)
Not only will you continue to change the gender of numbers ending in 1 when used as a quantity, you will also change the gender of numbers ending in –tos (i.e. the hundreds) to reflect the noun they describe.
El rancho tiene cuatrocientas vacas.
The ranch has four hundred cows.
Hay dos cientas niñas en la escuela.
There are two hundred girls in the school.
Manejamos seiscientos clientes en mi compañía.
We manage six hundred clients in my company.
If you are in Spain and about to write down a number for some Spanish friends, you need to be careful with your punctuation! Periods and commas are reversed in Spanish numbers. For example, if you want to tell them that something costs $12,870.65, you need to write it down as $12.870,65.
Although some parts of the Spanish-speaking world do follow the American convention, it helps to know that €99,95 is not a typo in Spain, so don’t go looking for a missing final digit!
Can’t get enough of Spanish? Here are some more free Spanish lessons to boost your Spanish:
See you soon! ¡Hasta pronto!
Mauricio Evlampieff: Rocket Spanish
Reinforce your learning from this lesson with the Rocket Reinforcement activities!