Adjective endings

catalushka

catalushka

ok so I am at lesson 11.8 of the RG Premium Plus and it might sound silly but... when the article changes when is accusative, dative or genitive then adjective also changes? Also, when in RG premium lessons, where first they introduced us to the changes of the article according to the case they did mentioned that genitive is rarely used in spoken language... does this apply for the adjective cause now they seem to show it backwards (first genitive, then dative and then accusative) and now I am confused when I am suppose to use it... oh and another question is... why einem roten Wein is accusative and not dative? why is now backwards, einem roten Wein accusative and einen roten wein is dative? I guess the same question goes for einer guten Wurst,einem alten Haus
Paul-Weber

Paul-Weber

Hi Cat O, "Einen roten Wein" is accusative. "Einem roten Wein" and "einem alten Haus" is dative. The Adjectives from accusative, dative and genitive are the same. So genitive form is "Eines roten Weines". The adjectives in nominative are different to the other cases. The adjective "rot" in case nominative is "ein roter Wein". Where were the cases listed backwards? I hope this helps and don't hesitate to ask me more questions! Paul
catalushka

catalushka

Hi Paul! thank you for clarifying my doubt! My head was spinning cause I thought I was getting all wrong! The cases are listed backwards in lesson 11.8 at the Adjectives with indefinite articles (ein, eine) or kein. It gives examples with einem roten Wein as accusative instead of dative and ein roten wein as dative instead of accusative. That is why I got so confused! But now it makes sense now. :)
Paul-Weber

Paul-Weber

Hi Cat O, Thank you for pointing this out to me. I will fix the mistake. I apologize for the confusion. All the best Paul
Michael-B15

Michael-B15

Hello, I have a question related to this topic. Why is the sentence 'sie wollen sich fuer die zeit eine kleine wohnung mieten' like so when on looking at the adjective endings for indefinite articles the eine kleine part of this sentence is accusative and therefore should be einer kleinen? also should it not be der zeit as that is dative..or not. Help me :) Thank you
Paul-Weber

Paul-Weber

Hi Micheal, Sorry for the delay. The sentence:'sie wollen sich fuer die Zeit eine kleine Wohnung mieten' is correct. The reflexive pronoun (here, sich/themself) might have confused you. 'Sich' is the reflexive form for the third person singular (er/sie/es), the plural sie (they) in this case and the formal "you" (Sie). The verb 'wollen' can be used either reflexive or not. When it comes to showing possession in German you use reflexive pronouns. In this sentence "sich" expresses that the apartment they buying is for themselves. Hope that helps! Liebe Grüße Paul

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