how to learn spanish grammer

Grainne-B

Grainne-B

hi david byrne here my question is why do you use que after nearly every verb in the start of a sentence like necesito que quiero que tengo que etc also do you only use me te se nos ets with irreglar verbs only thanks sorry about my typing
Dan-H24

Dan-H24

It seems like que is a word that works for several things in English. But in answer to your specific examples, tengo que means "I have to," as opposed to Tengo, "I have." Same, I think, with necesito que and quiero que...necesito is I need, necesito que I need to... Quiero, I want, Quiero que I want to...etc. To your second question, I don't think there is a relationship between using the personal pronouns with irregular verbs. But I could be wrong, the more I learn about Spanish the more I realize I have yet to learn! As always I hope that Ricardo, Christian, or others far more advanced than I will clarify.
Dan-H24

Dan-H24

Grainne-B

Grainne-B

thanks dan h24
ricardo-rich

ricardo-rich

Hola amigos, Dan is right. Tengo que means to have to. Tengo que irme or tengo que salir for example, both mean I have to go. Also, the use of pronouns is not dependent on it being an irregular verb. The pronouns be they, personal, reflexive, indirect or direct object etc. are dictated by the grammatical situation with whatever the verb. And sentences begin all the time without que after a verb. Quiero un cafe. I want a coffee. You would not say "Quiero que un cafe." but"Quiero que me hagas un cafe" means I want you to make me a coffee. Literally: I want" that" you make me a coffee and the "Quiero que" triggers the use of the subjunctive"hagas" which is the present subjunctive of hacer, second person familiar. I just used hacer as an example, it could be any verb depending on the sentence. Tengo que is an idiomatic expression that translates as" have to" but quiero que, necesito que etc. do not mean I want to or I need to but rather I want that, I need that. Also as Dan said que functions in many ways depending on how it is being used. I hope this is helpful. Saludos, Ricardo
John-E81

John-E81

Where can I find rules or guidance for the use of "para" versus "por"?
Grainne-B

Grainne-B

thanks Ricardo i still have a lot to learn but i will keep trying as i love it thanks again DAVID BYRNE
ricardo-rich

ricardo-rich

Hola, David, de nada amigo. Loving it and keeping at it is the key. I have a lot to learn as well, but I promise you that in time a lot of things will just become natural to you. John, there is some info on para and por in the language and culture section, if you go the site : AboutSpanish.com. and do a search, there is info about that and a whole bunch of other things as well. Saludos, Ricardo

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