Spanish - Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Spanish language works, you'll be able to speak Spanish naturally, and read and write in Spanish. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

Where can I find full conjugations of verbs, including usted/ustedes

The subject says it all. I really need to learn to speak to someone using “usted”, so it's pretty important to me that I practice these conversations using the “formal” as well.

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - June 1, 2021

bold font

weird question, but why the bold font?https://app.rocketlanguages.com/members/products/9/lesson/1404-AR Verb EndingsSubjectEndingYo-oTú-asUsted-aÉl-aElla-aNosotros-amos

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 31, 2021

Use of acuerdo, me acuerdo, and me acuerdo de

It looks like there are examples of all three of these constructions used, seemingly interchangeably to me. Is there a rule on when to use the reflexive, and when to use the “de”, for example, when saying “I remember her” -- “Acuerdo a ella” - “Me acuerdo...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 25, 2021

suyas, tuyas nuestras, confusion

it seems to me that suyos, nuestros and the various constructs centered on these words  are beyond my comprehension. The further I go, the more confused and lost i become. there is no immediate explanation or assistance that i can comprehend. Whatever lea...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 22, 2021

seguro que vs. seguro de que

Travelogue 4.5 has several examples of this and I don't see why one is used rather than the other. Thanks. Here they are:- Estoy segura que entenderá.- Estoy segura que se reirá por ello.- Estoy segura que Rick no está esperando que tomen dos habitaciones...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 10, 2021

¿Cuál es el que los principiantes pueden escalar?

I am hearing "puedan" again (!) and it seems that it should be that although I'm less sure here. What I'm thinking is that it should be in the subjunctive as there is a doubt as to whether or not there is a volcano (that's the context - Travelogue 6.5) th...

6 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 1, 2021

ir (conjugated) + a + [infinitive] verb trabajar

Hi, i am doing the lesson on    ir (conjugated) + a + [infinitive]   and previously also noted that when you have two verbs you only conjugate the first one, and i just wondered why its Vas al trabajo los domingos  and not Vas a trabajar los domingoskind ...

3 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - February 9, 2021

Always Tengo Que?

Hello,I can easily understand why “tengo que” translates to English as “I have to” do or have something.But what about a sentence like this: “I've given all I have to give.”? Here “have to” doesn't mean “must.” Have in this instance means “I've given all ...

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - February 8, 2021

9.8 The Confusion Begins: Irregular Verbs in the Preterite

Yes there is a lot of confusion, but not due to the use of the irregular verb forms but because of the lack of clarification when the learner needs to respond to a "you" type statement.  Except for maybe 2 or 3 times there is no indication as to what form...

14 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - February 2, 2021

Para vs. por

I know that the English word “for” can be used in many different contexts, but I have a problem with “por” vs. “para” in the lesson about travel. “For how many days?” is translated “por cuantos dias”, while “For how many people?” is translated as “para cu...

3 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - January 28, 2021

Recording & rocket certification

Since completing level 1 6.8 unable to complete rocket certification module 6 as it a mixture of all languages. now unable to record voice after starting level 7.1problems with recording since 2021 version Appeared.i use safari , press allow recording but...

7 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - January 27, 2021

When to Use the Definite Article

Hi , Sorry to disturb.can you advise me please i get stuck on definite articles sometimes exampleLa oportunidad ir al caribe por una semana de sol y diversionno el or la here on sol & diversion , i think  llegamos a San Juan , el sol, el calor y la arena ...

7 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - January 13, 2021

Lesson 2.1

Hello, I have a question about hacer in lesson 2.1Quiero hacer un tour con​ mi familia.I want to go on a tour with my family.Can I also say this:Quiero ir un tour con mi familia.I am confused on hacer as it can mean "to do" or “to go”. Since it can mean “...

2 replies - Last post by John8039 - January 6, 2021

Indirect Pronouns

In lesson 10-8 FlashCard #24 -Since recepcionista is an indirect object why wasn't the pronoun "le" used before "Diste..." . As an example of inconsistency you did use it correctly in #25.

3 replies - Last post by RobR27 - January 4, 2021

Jugar "al" ?

“Juego futbol” vs. “Juego al futbol” (or other sports/activities). Is there a time when either is correct or incorrect? Is it regional?I have been told that the “al” is necessary because it is describing football, in general, but it is not used here, at l...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - January 4, 2021

lesson transcripts

In this 2021 edition, I do not see the option to download the transcript. That was a great tool in the earlier edition, so where can I find it in this new edition?

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - January 4, 2021

la or le

Luego de colgarla, el cumpleañero tiene que destrozarla vendado, pegándole con un palo.  Lesson 17.2Why isn't it pegándola?

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 2, 2020

lo que

que es la regla para usar lo que. por que no solo usar que?

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 27, 2020

Para llevarlos vs. por guiarlos

This comes from the Travelogue 5.4. Interesting. Why is it para for the first and por for the second? Thank you!

5 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 13, 2020

Benchmark tests?

I'm having trouble finding the Benchmark Tests that I've heard people mention.  How do I get to them?

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 13, 2020

10.6 Stem Changes and Spelling Changes

10.6 Stem changes and spelling changes. Flash Card  "We read the new novel"  Leímos la nueva novela" Why is the adjective appear before the noun.  I thought in this case as in most cases the adjective comes after the noun noun: "Leímos la novela nueva".

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 8, 2020

clarification of meanin change of poder and querer in the past tense.

Ok in lessons 9.5 and 9.11 it is explained that querer changes to try/refuse in the past tense and poder changes to managed/failed in the past tense, but it is not noted that just like in English they can surely mean both depending on context? I'd like th...

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - August 10, 2020

Por vs Para 11.11 visualization

I found this helpful... I visualized each sentence happening.  The sentence/action either went to my left or to my right in my mind's eye. On the left are various businesses near where I live. On the right are other businesses. The two are separated by an...

0 replies - Last post by TravisB13 - August 2, 2020

Comos estas vs como esta tu

I purchased this course to refresh what I previously learned in high school Spanish. I thought you asked "how are you" by saying "como estas?" but lesson 1.1 is instructing me to say "como estas tu?" Doesn't that mean "how are you you?" I'm confused. Tha...

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - July 13, 2020

Tal vez and quizás using the subjunctive

In Travelogue 8.1 In the cloud, there are the following two phrases: - O tal vez pueda comprar una memoria USB - Or maybe (I) can buy a flash drive - ¿qué marca es su cámara? Quizás la tenemos. - what brand is your camera? Maybe we have it. I am curious...

5 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - July 7, 2020

Incorrect translation?

The flash card says "Yo soy su amigo."  The translation is "I am her friend." Shouldn't it be "Soy su amiga"?   Why is "Yo" added and why was the masculine version "amigo" used?

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - July 4, 2020

Personal "a" before each direct object.

In Lesson 15.1, the following sentence appears: Solamente que extrañaba a mi familia y mis amigos. Is there a reason that a personal "a" did not also appear before "mis amigos" -- i.e., "a mi familia y a mis amigos"? Is this an exception to the rule? Or i...

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - June 23, 2020

Possessive adjectives, antes y después the noun

Estoy estudiando la lección 4.8, Possessive Pronouns, and I'm a bit flustered by when to use a short possessive adjective before the noun and when to use the long possessive adjective after the noun. ¿Por ejemplo, hay una diferencia de importancia entre ...

2 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - June 23, 2020

Compartir con vs. Compartir a

In lesson 13.4, there is repeated use of "compartir" with "a", as in Compartirás nuestro bonito idioma a todo el mundo. However (apart from this lesson), I have been unable to find any examples of compartir that use "a". They all use "con". And one of my ...

2 replies - Last post by Tomás71 - June 17, 2020

Lesson 10.2 mucho vs mucha

siempre escuchas mucho de la historia de Chile.   Why is "mucho" used here instead of "mucha".

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - June 9, 2020

Ésto vs. Éste

Hola, In Lesson 13.1, the following sentence occurs:  Ustedes han sido amigos desde la niñez, y esto será un día especial para los dos. If I had had to guess, I would have used "éste" instead of "ésto" because we are referring to a particular day. (Aren'...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - June 3, 2020

Lesson 1.4 Audio Grammar wrong?

Hello I have just started with Spanish, but I am having a question in the Audio part of Lesson 1.4, at 19:00 minutes. How would you say that it's okay, you can take the photo? Solution --> Está bien, puedes sacar la foto.  Since I am talking to a gentle...

7 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - May 27, 2020

Obejct pronoun choice - le, lo, la

Hola a todos!  Like many, I imagine, I still find direct and indirect pronoun use a bit challenging, particularly with 3rd person singular where there are several choices: le, lo, la.  As I understand it, le and lo are masculine, and la is feminine, corre...

2 replies - Last post by GaryM25 - May 13, 2020

Seremos muy cuidadosos con ambos.

- (We)'ll be very careful with (you) both. This is from Travelogue lesson 5.1. In 4.6 (the lesson just prior), we have: - Ambos estaremos cuidando de ustedes. - (We)'ll both be taking care of you. Why is ser used in one and estar in the other?

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - May 12, 2020

Question on conjugations

I'm confused with Spanish lesson 2.1 - Why is "do you want to do" = "quiere hacer" ? I would think it would be "quieres hacer" as you are referring to "you" or "tu"

2 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - May 11, 2020

Why is the "u" in the word "tu" not always accented?

I've only just begun Rocket Spanish today (Lesson 1.1 in Module 1), but have already seen that the "u" in the word "tu" is sometimes accented, and sometimes not.  I'm curious as to why.

10 replies - Last post by HappyHeart - April 30, 2020

Lesson 9.5 The use of articles

In the phrase ´Ellos fueron a un concierto de la música rock.´ why is the article ´la´ used.

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - April 29, 2020

Why is "parar de..." used to mean to stop doing something?

In lesson 9.2, why do they use "parar de..." to signify "to stop doing something"?  I thought "dejar de..." would be correct.

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - April 20, 2020

Another Subjunctive Question (12.4): No creo que es (sea?) sabiduría. ¡Más es experiencia!

Everything I have says that subjunctive follows "No creo que," and mentions no exceptions. Is the above sentence incorrect? Or is there an exception (or subjective aspect) that applies here that is not mentioned in my references?

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - April 6, 2020

Spanish Level 1 Module 7 Lesson 7.2

In Level 1, lesson 7.2, Amy says to Mauricio, Tú puedes hacer lo que quieras. You can do what (you) like. Shouldn't "quieras" be "quieres"?  If not, why? I cannot seem to trace down where "quieras" would come from.  Thank you.

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 27, 2020

Ni el aire ni el agua ESTÁN contaminados? (Plural verb instead of singular?)

In English, this neither/nor  construction would require a singular verb, rather than plural. TV news broadcasters often get it right, but many people (perhaps even most, these days) do use the plural incorrectly. Strictly speaking, does Spanish also call...

3 replies - Last post by Tomás71 - March 25, 2020

asegurar taking the subjunctive

From the Travelogue (1.6): - Te has asegurado de que tienes mis números de contacto. (You)'ve made sure (you) have my contact numbers. From the Travelogue (11.6): - Me aseguré que tuviéramos todo el equipo, I made sure we had the all of the equipment, A...

2 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - March 24, 2020

Lesson 9.4

Nos matamos de la risa......why is this translated into "we couldn't stop laughing??? Is this not confusing to beginners?

2 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 16, 2020

Si yo a éste ni lo conozco.

- I don’t even know this guy. For the life of me, I cannot get my head around this phrase. Anyone?

8 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 12, 2020

Failure to use subjunctive in Lesson 12.2?

I've become a bit disappointed in the last lesson or two, I have encountered three clear (according to my other references) and repeated grammar errors. Two of them, I have already posted on -- Mas que vs. Mas qué, and Como vs. Cómo. Now a third one regar...

7 replies - Last post by Tomás71 - March 9, 2020

Como vs. Cómo -- Inconsistent usage?

In the last few lessons, I have become very confused over the use of the accent on cómo. As I understand, the accent is used for both direct and indirect questions. However, the lessons have contained many examples of indirect questions using como  withou...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 4, 2020

Más que vs. Más de

In Module 12, there appears the statement, "Gracias a Dios que me queda más que un día de vacaciones." Shouldn't the comparison in this sentence be using "más de" instead of "más que", since numbers are being compared? I have checked two separate Spanish ...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - February 26, 2020

...la guía dice que las lagunas son visitadas por flamencos.

...and the guidebook says that the lagoons are visited by flamingos. I wonder sometimes if I'm ever going to get this ser/estar thing straight. It would seem to me that this is a temporary / transitory condition which would lead me to use "estar". Is it ...

3 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - January 29, 2020

Bueno, al salir de la tienda tienen que caminar...

This phrase comes from the Travelogue 9.3. I've seen examples in the course like this where it is "al" followed by the verb in the infinitive and others where it is "el" followed by the same. I tried to find examples of the latter without success (which p...

5 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - January 21, 2020

"¡pero es un sentimiento extraño el pensar que nuestros pasaportes originales pueden ya estar...

"¡pero es un sentimiento extraño el pensar que nuestros pasaportes originales pueden ya estar en manos de las autoridades locales! Y que nuestra conexión con Rick pueda ponernos en peligro." My question was going to be why the first usage of "pode...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - December 2, 2019

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