Spanish - Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Spanish language works, you'll be able to speak Spanish naturally, and read and write in Spanish. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

Mariachis

- Cuando llegan a un lugar, tocan trompetas y guitarras, y se transforman en un evento público. - When they arrive somewhere, they play trumpets and guitars, and they transform into a public event. 15.4) The phrase sounds awkward to me in English as they...

1 reply - Last post by Dan-H24 - April 6, 2016

I lost my keys

In the audio lesson on the preterite tense, an example was given of "Perdí mis llaves" for "I lost my keys". However, in Jean Yates' book "Correct your Spanish Blunders", it is stated that this should be "Se me perdieron las llaves" because it is an accid...

5 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - April 6, 2016

Personal A needed here?

One of the extra vocabulary phrases in Lesson 11.1 is:   Traté de citar Pablo Neruda. I tried to quote Pablo Neruda. Shouldn't it be "a Pablo Neruda"? Or am I missing something. Dan

5 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 - April 1, 2016

¡Si es que no me llevaron antes al harem del emperador!

Any ideas as to why it's llevaron and not llevaran?

4 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - March 3, 2016

Help with the following: "Ellos les encantó"

I have an indirect/direct object question. The sentence, "Ellos les encantó" is bothering me.  Someone was talking about how their boys loved the musical, Mary Poppins. It was described as translating to "It pleased them" or "It was pleasing to them."  ...

5 replies - Last post by the-hefay - March 1, 2016

traer or llevar

In lesson 3.3 the verb traer is used. It makes more sense to me (as an English person) to use llevar. Does this make sense to you?

2 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 - February 11, 2016

indefinite words

In lesson 7.6 Indefinite words. cualquier / cualquiera    translation { cualquier - whichever}   {cualquiera- whatever}  In the por ejemplo section  it says cual bebida te gusta. No me importa. cualquiera esta bien para me. It shows cualquiera translated ...

3 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - January 26, 2016

Spanish

In lesson 6.5 , segment know it , how do we know when to say  conoces espana bien or conoces bien la ciudad, or is it just showing you that you can say it both ways. confused

11 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - December 22, 2015

Así vs. Así que, Sinon vs. Sinon que

I have flagged (at least) one of these phrases before in the forum. My understanding has always been that you use "que" after "así" / "sinon" only when there is a conjugated verb in the subsequent phrase. Here are some counter-examples I've come across in...

2 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - December 5, 2015

AR, IR, ER verb endings

I saw a game to play to get ones skills up with AR, ER, IR verb conversions, where is it located please?

9 replies - Last post by Karen-B1 - November 13, 2015

Necesito ayuda con problema de "Play It!"

Buenos días a todos! Tengo una problema con ​juego de "Play It!" en lección cuatro punto dos.  Let me give you the gist of the issue... I participate as Amy. I make a mistake, back out, and start over. When I play back the conversation for the suppos...

3 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - November 5, 2015

Me gustaría que me hubieras ayudado.

Another one from Lesson 21.6. I think this should be: - Me habría gustado que me hubieras ayudado. I would've liked that you had helped me.  

2 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - November 4, 2015

Si todos habláramos, entenderán.

This doesn't look right (from Lesson 21.6). I think this should be: - Si todos habláramos, entenderían. If everyone spoke, they would understand.  

2 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - November 4, 2015

No quiera hacerme creer que ha desertado pero

No quiera hacerme creer que ha desertado pero que se ha sentido en la obligación de venir a avisarme antes de desaparecer. Eso es pueril —dijo Pierre, levantando la voz. This first verb in the subjunctive really surprised me. I suppose it's implied: "Que...

3 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - October 30, 2015

podia vs podría

En los Estados Unidos yo podría comprar una tortilla o masa en el supermercado.In the United States I could buy a tortilla or the dough in the supermarkets. In this phrase, Alejandra is talking about her previous experience in the US. Shouldn't this...

6 replies - Last post by KelllaurBailar - October 7, 2015

El Subjunctivo

In lesson 15.9, which deals with the subjunctive, is the following statement: ¡Esperemos que tenga buena voz! translated as Let's hope that he has a good voice. I am confused as to why "esperemos" also seems to be conjugated in the present subjunctive. ...

11 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - October 7, 2015

Entiendo y Comprendo

Today I realized that both "entiendo" and "comprendo"  mean about the same thing: "I understand." Can you use each in Latin America and Spain? Or, as with "tomar" and "beber," does the phrase you use vary between countries? Por ejemplo: Mi perra no ...

3 replies - Last post by KelllaurBailar - October 5, 2015

No lo he de olvidar

I have seen this construction a number of times in songs (only in songs actually!). - Haber + de + verb in the infinitive The English translation of the song puts this as "I will never forget." although in other places the "haber + de" would seem to indi...

5 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 - October 4, 2015

The difference between "el" and "la"

What is the difference between El and La?

12 replies - Last post by KelllaurBailar - September 28, 2015

Definite articles for a language

In Chapter 1 Grammar you say "the short defining word before the noun is really part of the noun," but one says, "Je ne parle pas anglais (or francais)."  Why is there no definite article (one assumes it would be masculine)?

8 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - September 18, 2015

What is the name of the diacritic

What is the name of the diacritic, such as on the last syllable of "perdon," and the penultimate syllable of "gustaria?"  Gracias! Magister Britannus

7 replies - Last post by KelllaurBailar - September 17, 2015

Answering the teléfono "Bueno"

Hola, My wife works for a tire company in Phoenix AZ that has locations all over the Southwest. One of the smaller, one man locations is on the Texas/Mexico border, no matter what time of the day the guy that runs that location, who is Mexican answers th...

8 replies - Last post by Kevin-M143 - September 14, 2015

Beber or Tomar?

Tengo una pregunta para mi nuevo amigos aqui: Hello everyone! I just enrolled here on Rocket Spanish a couple of days ago. In all of the past curricular I've used, the verb for "to drink" has been "beber". Then I heard that "tomar" is also "to drink." Ar...

13 replies - Last post by KelllaurBailar - September 13, 2015

Your friend should've heard..

Are all of the following exactly equivalent? - Tu amiga debió de haber escuchado... - Tu amiga debería haber escuchado... - Tu amiga habría debido escuchado...  

3 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - September 10, 2015

No pude acercarme lo suficiente.

It's funny how you can look at phrase x number of times and then, all of a sudden, something seems out of place. - "No pude acercarme lo suficiente." vs. "No pude acercarme suficiente." What does the "lo" add to this phrase?

12 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - August 27, 2015

Al oír esto... Al salir ellos del agua... Al caer a tierra...

Upon hearing this... Upon getting out of the water... In falling to the ground... These are my translations btw - I hope I've got it straight. I'm seeing this "Al + verb in the infinitive" often enough in reading but I don't remember seeing this construc...

3 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 - August 4, 2015

No tienes parte ni suerte en este asunto.

- You have no right or portion in this matter. Wow, I would never have guessed "portion" from suerte. (Well, I suppose for that matter, who uses the word portion anymore?) Is this some sort of "stock" phrase in Spanish?  

3 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - July 28, 2015

Ayuda... Help!

Hola a todos. I am just looking for some help/reassurance/advice really as I am in a stage I'm sure many of you have been through. I have been learning part time since January and just started on Level 2 and getting into learning the past tenses. I made p...

4 replies - Last post by Jo--110 - July 22, 2015

"acabar" vs. "venir recién + gerundio"

Are these two phrases interchangeable / mean the same thing?  

4 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - July 16, 2015

Using a gerund instead of an infinitive

I am studying Spanish two, lesson 1.4, and wanted to know if I could use this gerund instead of the infinitive that you used. For example: Yo fui pescar. I went fishing. Could you say" Yo fui pescando?. I'm a little confused as to when to use the infi...

6 replies - Last post by janway-- - July 15, 2015

¿Qué se le ofrece?

I do not understand why this phrase in lesson 4.5 is stated the way it is. For the question, What can I offer you?, it says to ask ¿Qué se le ofrece?   What I would like to know is why  it is NOT  ¿Que le ofrezco? or ¿Que le puedo ofre...

4 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - July 15, 2015

Como olvidar que te llevaste mi corazón

From the song Como Olvidar. Of course the song writer knows what to write far better than I! But I was just curious as to why it isn't: - Como olvidar que me llevaste el corazón  

4 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - July 3, 2015

Me estoy....

"Me estoy sintiendo triste." I am feeling sad.   In the above example from lesson 6.5.  Is there a reason for Me in this way?  Couldn't it have been "Estoy sintiendo triste." or "Yo estoy sintinendo triste."?  Why "Me estoy.."? ...

11 replies - Last post by Rob-B23 - June 21, 2015

Present Progressive

I notice in lesson 6.5 that it is said to be wrong if you say "Vamos pescando" perhaps because that is in the future. But what about the ejemplo given below from the lesson? Isn't that in the future? So would "Vamos a venir pronto." be better?   Ej...

5 replies - Last post by Rob-B23 - June 13, 2015

Hubiéramos visitado otros lugares pero...

In a Skype conversation, I said the following: Hubiéramos visitado otros lugares pero no había tiempo para ello. And I was corrected with the following phrase: Teníamos que haber ido… I didn't want to belabor the point (she was the expert after all!) bu...

14 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - June 4, 2015

The difference between para & por

What's the difference between the use of para & por??? both of them mean "for". Can anyone explains this to me?

8 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - May 27, 2015

Yo no me pongo eso

Curious expression. This came up several times in a video I was watching. The Google translation came up as: "I don't get it."  Is that the correct translation? 

8 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - May 19, 2015

Podrías haber aprendido a hablar español.

Habrías podido aprender a hablar español. You could have learned to speak Spanish. Are both phrases correct and be used interchangeably?  

3 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 - May 14, 2015

esta / ésta / está What are their differences?

When do we use esta / ésta / está ??? I am really confused about them .  

14 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - May 12, 2015

Apresúrate - Jennifer Lopez

Por los dos por lo que siempre hemos luchado Por todo lo que pasamos apresúrate mi amor Por que vuelvan los minutos, porque no quiero perderte Porque vivo de ilusiones porque sueño con amarte hoy Terrific song. I'm not getting the following though: 1.) T...

6 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - May 1, 2015

IO DO usage

I'm sure this has been asked before, but in lesson 4.10 on DO and IO usage they have the following example. Ellos nos los piden.    They ask us for them. Why isn't it translated, "They ask them for us." In the lesson we are told the order...

19 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 - April 21, 2015

Spanish grammer

In Spanish 2 Lesson 9.4 Cine They say. Bueno, I nos matamos de la rise. Translation.  Well, we couldn't stop laughing. Since matamos is the we conjugation of matar which means to kill, I do not understand this at all.  

4 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - April 21, 2015

Para comer

Hola, I am a newbie. I have a pretty basic question I think. The sentence "Quiero algo para comer" to me translates as "I want something to to eat". Obviously that is not correct. Can someone explain?

16 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - April 18, 2015

Pronunciación de "sino"

Estoy en lección 12.11, estudiando las diferencias entre pero y sino. Noto que Mauricio pronuncia sino con el acento en el ultimo sílaba, en vez del primero sílaba. ¿Es correcto, o no?

8 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - April 17, 2015

Puedo

Puedo comes from poner (I think).  It is first person.  But I am not sure of the tense.   

6 replies - Last post by george-gmh - April 9, 2015

'Le doy'

Le doy - I'll give you e.g Le doy el dinero en un momento - I'll give you the money in a moment Please could someone explain it grammatically? Thanks.

7 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - April 9, 2015

Tienes que ser la única persona en el mundo a la que no le gusta que la asciendan.

- You must be the only person in the world that doesn't like to be promoted. Why isn't gustar in the subjunctive tense here? It is a subjective statement to say that someone must be the only person in the world. Here is a counter-example (where enterarse...

1 reply - Last post by Robert-C7 - April 5, 2015

Le escondieron el auto, para que piense que se lo robaron.

You guys hid his car so that he'd think it had been stolen. Shouldn't the verb "pensar" be in the imperfect subjunctive "pensara" here?

3 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - March 28, 2015

Mañana no se si podre que estás jugando

This is from "Te Amo" de Franco de Vita. We discussed this song in the forum awhile back but I don't think this phrase. For the life of me I can't seem to get what it means. To note there may be accents missing - words to songs on the web can be notorious...

2 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - March 28, 2015

El Sol No Regresa

Sueños de habitación en un hotel de carretera Y unas gotas de lluvia que guardo en esta maleta Ruedan por el colchón de mi cama ya desierta Es la mejor solución para el dolor de cabeza. Here is a case where I understand every word but have no idea what i...

9 replies - Last post by george-gmh - March 26, 2015

Ask a question or post a response

If you want to ask a question or post a response you need to be a member.

If you are already a member login here.
If you are not a member you can become one by taking the free Rocket Spanish trial here.