passado

george-gmh

george-gmh

What does "participio passado" mean

Steven-W15

Steven-W15

"participio pasado" = past participle

Ejs: cant-ar → cant-ado
       bail-ar → bail-ado
       com-er → com-ido
       s-er → s-ido
       dorm-ir → dorm-ido
       ir → ido

Dan-H24

Dan-H24

George: pay attention to your spelling, as Steven has. Not necessarily in this case, but I have learned that as in English, a misspelled word has a very different meaning.

And has Steven has demonstrated, the past participle expresses something that happened in the past:

sung

danced

ate

was

slept

went

If you look at a verb conjugation chart, you will notice that on many, the infinitive is listed first, then the past participle and gerund (-ing endings in English) are listed above the conjugations.

george-gmh

george-gmh

Ref: Span¡shD!ct

been

participio passado of be

 

Guess it must be a misspelling

Robert-C7

Robert-C7

One thing I have noticed about Spanish spelling is that they do not double up consonents the way we do in English.  I think this is because vowels are pronounced the same way regardless of whether there is a single consonent or double consonent.  So 'passado' does not look like a Spanish word to me.  Can anyone think of a Spanish word with two consecutive 's'?

Dan-H24

Dan-H24

George: just to check myself, I began typing "pass" into the dictionary on my computer. It returned possible results from paspadura to pasta. So yes, what you encountered must have been a misspelling.

And Robert, I agree with your comment. In fact, I found this interesting factoid on another web site:

Only four consonants can be duplicated to represent specific sounds:
cc is used before "e" or "i" only and sounds /ks/ (/kth/ in Spain): acción and acceso but acento, ocurrir.
ll sounds /y/: calle, llama but ilegal, aludir, inteligente.
rr represents the famous "rolling r" between vowels only: perro, carro vs. pero, caro.
nn is used only when a prefix ending in "n" is added to a word beginning with "n":
   innecesario, connotación, but anual, anotación, conexión.

No other consonants are duplicated in Spanish: efectivo, común, oportunidad, imposible, adición.

Isn't it great when words just start looking "wrong"? I think I am really beginning to learn the language when that happens to me.

Dan

Dan-H24

Dan-H24

OK, aquí es una adivinanza para ustedes:

¿Cuál palabra usa ambos "rr" y "ll"?

 

Ava Dawn

Ava Dawn

carro y calle. Yo doy ejemplos no adivinanza.

Dan-H24

Dan-H24

Aurora: Bien, pero estaba pensar "rr" y "ll" en la palabra misma.

Ava Dawn

Ava Dawn

cigarrillo -cigarette\

guitarrillo - small guilar

arrollar - to overwhelm

Steven-W15

Steven-W15

Here's a few a took off the top of my head. All perfectly spelled. In alphabetical order. &#9786

ACURRULLAR ANTERROLLO ARRIMADILLO ARRODILLADA ARRODILLAR
ARROLLABLE ARROLLADO/A ARROLLAR ARROLLADOR/A ARRULLADOR/A
ARRULLAR ARRULLO ATURRULLAR BARRAQUILLO BARRENILLO
BARRILLA/O BARRILLAR BARRILLERA/O BATURRILLO BECERRILLO
BIGORRELLA BORRONCILLO BURRILLO BORRUFALLA CACHORRILLO
CARRASQUILLA CARRENDILLA CARRERILLA CARRETILLA/O CARRICILLO
CARRILLO CARRILLADA CARRILLERA CARRILLUDA/O CENCERRILLAS
CERRAJERILLO CERRALLE CERRILLA/O CERRILLAR CERROJILLO
CIGARRILLO CORRENDILLA CORRILLERA/O CORRILLO CORRULLA
CHASCARRILLO CHORRILLO CHURRILLERA/O DESARROLLAR DESARROLLO
DESCARRILLAR EMBARRADILLA EMPARRILLADO EMPARRILLAR ENCARRILLAR
FERRALLISTA GARROBILLA GARROTILLO GORRILLA GUARRILLA
GUERRILLA GUERRILLEAR GUERRILLERO GUITARRILLO HERRERILLO
MANGORRILLO MARRANALLA MORRALLA MARRANILLO MARRILLO
MARRULLA MARRULLAR MARRULLERA/O MARRULLERIA MODORRILLA/O
MOJARRILLA MORRILLA/O PANTORRILLA PARRILLA PARRILLADA
PATAGORRILLA/O PERRILLO PERRUNILLA PORRILLA/O SARRILLO
SERRALLO SARRANILLA SERRATILLA TERROLLO TORRECILLA
VENTORRILLO VILLORRIO ZAMARRILLA ZORRILLO 

marieg-rocket languages

marieg-rocket languages

Just to add on the topic, remember that for irregular verbs, the past participle is translated as:

-to → escrito (written)

-so → impreso (printed)

-cho → dicho (told)

 

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