I am confused about which verbs you should use the personal a with. I know it is for people or for objects for which personal feelings are felt but with certain verbs it seems incorrect when I check myself. For example, should I say "Busco Pedro" or "Busco a Pedro?" also for sentences such as "Tengo dos hermanos" or "Tengo a dos hermanos" and for "Llevo mis tres hermanas" or "Llevo a mis tres hermanas."
January 11, 2014
January 13, 2014
Hola Emily! I was looking for the right answer in my mind, but, even as a native speaker, could not explain it correctly...thanks to the internet i found this, which was very usefull.. In English, there's no difference in the way the following two sentences are structured: I saw the tree. I saw Teresa. But in the Spanish equivalent, there's an obvious difference: Vi el árbol. Vi a Teresa. The difference is only a one-letter word — a — but it's an essential one that's important to learn. Known as the personal a, the short preposition is used to precede direct objects when those objects are people. Although a is usually translated as "to," the personal a normally isn't translated into English. The basic rule is a simple one: the a precedes the mention of a specific person or persons used as a direct object, and (except in some rare cases where it's used for clarification) it is not used in other cases. Levantó la taza, he lifted the cup. Levantó a la muchacha , he lifted the girl. Oigo la orquesta, I hear the orchestra. Oigo a los músicos, I hear the musicians. Recuerdo el libro, I remember the book. Recuerdo a mi abuela, I remember my grandmother. The a is not used if the object doesn't refer to anyone specific. Conozco a dos carpinteros, I know two carpenters. But, necesito dos carpinteros, I need two carpenters. Although the basic rule is quite simple, there are a few exceptions (aren't there always?), and even an exception to an exception. The exceptions With certain pronouns: This is really more of a clarification rather than an exception. When used as direct objects, the pronouns alguien (somebody), nadie (nobody) and quién (whom) require the personal a. So do alguno (some) and ninguno (none) when referring to people. No veo a nadie, I don't see anyone. Quiero golpear la pared, I want to hit the wall. Quiero golpear a alguien, I want to hit somebody. ¿A quién pertenece esta silla? Whose chair is this? ¿Taxis? No vi ningunos. Taxis? I didn't see any. ¿Taxistas? No vi a ningunos. Taxi drivers? I didn't see any. Pets: Many pet owners think of their animals as people, and so does Spanish grammar, so the personal a is used. But the a isn't used with ordinary animals. Veo a mi perro, Ruff, I see my dog, Ruff. Veo tres elefantes, I see three elephants. Personification: A country or object can be personified — treated as if it were a person. Use of the personal a often implies some sort of a personal relationship, such as an emotional attachment, with the noun personified. Yo extraño mucho a los Estados Unidos, I very much miss the United States. Abracé a la muñeca a causa de era mi amiga, I hugged the doll, for she was my friend. With tener: Generally, the a is not used after tener. Tengo tres hijos y una hija, I have three sons and a daughter. No tengo jardinero, I don't have a gardener. Exceptions to an exception After tener: The personal a is used after tener when it is used in the sense to hold someone or to have someone somewhere. Tengo a mi hijo en los brazos, I have my son in my arms. Tengo a mi hija en el pesebre, I have my daughter in the crib. The personal a can also be used after tener when its usage suggests a particularly close or emotional relationship. Cuando estoy triste y necesito hablar, tengo a mis amigos, when I am sad and need to talk, I have my friends. But tengo amigos, I have friends. Here you have the webpage http://spanish.about.com/od/prepositions/a/a_style.htm And also, remember the "a" preposition can be used in this other ways too... http://spanish.about.com/od/infinitives/a/verb_a_infiniti.htm and/or http://spanish.about.com/od/prepositions/a/a.htm and/or http://spanish.about.com/od/prepositions/a/a_style.htm Saludos desde Tijuana!