soy vs estoy

Stephen-C50

Stephen-C50

What determines the use of soy instead of estoy?
janway--

janway--

I am only a beginner but my understanding is that soy is for permanent states and estoy is for temporary ones such as I am tired, I am angry etc. It is more complicated but that is a start!
jchamb

jchamb

Basically the verb "Ser" (soy - I am) is used for permanent, or semi permanent things. Soy alto - I am tall, soy casado - I am married. Things which are permanent or nearly so (Brazil is (es) in South America. On the other hand, the verb "estar" (estoy) is used for temporary things, such as location "Estoy en la tienda - I am in the store", estoy enferma - I am sick. These are covered well in the Language and Culture lessons.
janway--

janway--

From another course I learned that estoy is used for married, divorced and dead for some reason.
jchamb

jchamb

Actually, I've read that also. So the answer is - I'm just not sure. I think it may be a regional. or local thing. The course here (Rocket Spanish) teaches us that ser is used for marital status, but these days marital status is often a temporary state! (although I would think that being dead should be a somewhat permant state...) (lesson 2.8 of the Premium course)

Ask a question or a post a response

If you want to ask a question or post a response you need to be a member.

If you are already a member login here .
If you are not a member you can become one by taking the free Rocket Spanish trial here .