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Spanish - Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Spanish language works, you'll be able to speak Spanish naturally, and read and write in Spanish. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new topic at the bottom. Don’t be shy!

Bájale un poquito, María

- Bring it down a bit, María… [Me gusta esa expresión.] Veo los dos casos: Bájale y Bájalo.  Este último me parece normal pero encuentro el "le" del primero un poco extraño (notar que la persona que habla aquí y María utilizan la forma "tú"). ¿Alguien puede explicármelo?  

5 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Apr 22, 2018

Chat room and some resources

Hi. Yesterday I stumbled on this website http://www.babbel.com/ . It's a free language resource and there's also a chat room. There was actually a lot of activity in the chat room with both native speakers and learners participating. Well, I didn't dare to participate myself, I don't feel too...

3 replies - Last post by RebeccaA18 -
Apr 22, 2018

Word order questions

My dad and I are practicing Spanish together, I'm a complete beginner but he has much more experience.  We were talking about word order, I know the adjectives come after the nouns but the order of other words is giving me trouble. Like "page 3" is it "página tres"or "tres página".   Or do...

2 replies - Last post by RebeccaA18 -
Apr 21, 2018

Y yo realmente quiero ver una ciudad colonial, lo cual es algo que no hemos visto todavía.

And I really want to see a colonial city, which is something that we haven’t seen yet. This comes from the Travelogue. Shouldn't this be "la cual" since it's referring to the colonial city?  

6 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Apr 19, 2018

¿Los puedo ayudar en algo?

Del "Travelogue 7.2". La pregunta viene de un agente de viajes que tiene delante de él dos personas. Creo que la frase debería ser: ¿Les puedo ayudar en algo? ¿No?  

2 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Apr 19, 2018

From the Travelogue 6.5

"No le pregunté qué va hacer para protegernos..." Why isn't this "va a hacer"?  Just curious if this is acceptable without the "a", or just a typo.  

9 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 -
Apr 9, 2018

Commas separating items in a series.

In Rocket Spanish module 2.1, there is the phrase, "Yo, mi esposa, y mis dos hijos."  There is also the phrase, "nadar, tomar el sol, y pesar." I have a grammar reference by Azoulay and Vicente that states specifically that, although English may use a comma before the last item in a series,...

0 replies - Last post by taw71 -
Mar 24, 2018

grammar

In Miguel and Maria travelogue - Si, pareces mexicana pero no le di mucha importancia. Why use the indirect object pronoun le? Does it mean he doesn't give much importance to how she looks? I thought it should be a direct object pronoun "lo"? Also does anyone know of a good place  south of the...

2 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Mar 21, 2018

Me gustaría or Me gustarían?

Grateful if someone can explain which is correct and why?    o Me gustaría unas camisetas nuevas.    o Me gustarían unas camisetas nuevas.

13 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Mar 3, 2018

reflexive verbs and certain pronoun usage

in lesson 6.3 1. Me gusta trabajar.  2. Me levanto a las seis de la mañana. why isn't 1. 'me gusto trabajar' and/or why is 2. not 'me levanta a las seis de la manana' what did i not understand correctly? ayuda, por favor

4 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Feb 13, 2018

haber o tener

level 1, 6.6,  very nicely explains the contexts to use conocer and saber; could someone explain the contexts to use haber and tener, por favor!

4 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Feb 12, 2018

grammar

In travelogue the translation for "luego se queda de pie ahi" is "then stands there". Should it not be "then he remains standing there"? or is "se quada" somehow irrelevant?  

4 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Feb 12, 2018

Symbols above words

How do I get the keyboard provided with the lesson to let me use the symbols when writing the words?

2 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 -
Feb 6, 2018

Jamás he jugado fútbol. leccion 7.6. i have seen this 'he' before, once maybe and ignored it, but now I need to know

It's one those you haven't been told about but appear to make a sentence. SpansihDict for once failed me so now I need help. What the hell is is this 'he'?

2 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 -
Feb 2, 2018

The common way to speak to "you"

Assuming that I refer to the form that all people speak and not grammatically. When I talk to you (tu '+ ustedes) I use the same verb or other practice? I know the grammatical answer, for example tu '= comes ustedes = comen But can it be as I described above?

2 replies - Last post by Dan-H24 -
Jan 28, 2018

solo y sólo

In lesson 4.2 Bargaining, the text is solo para usted. Here solo means only, shouldn't it be sólo?

3 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Jan 15, 2018

Amo a mi familia, pero tendrán que vérselas sin mí este año.

I love my family, but they're going to have to do without me this year. I don't seem to be able to get my head around "vérselas". I am guessing that "verse" refers to seeing each other but I have no idea what the "las" refers to (and I see nothing in the surrounding context that would refer to...

5 replies - Last post by yademas -
Jan 11, 2018

Seremos muy cuidadosos con ambos.

- We’ll be very careful with you both.  [From the Spanish Travelogue course] The context is two people who will shortly be helping two others. Why isn't it "Estaremos..."? I wonder if I'm ever going to get this ser-estar thing straight. Frustrating as it comes up so often in conversation.  

4 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Dec 22, 2017

tu or tú

Why is tú accented in ¿Cómo estás tú? but not accented in Gracias por tu participación ?

1 reply - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Dec 10, 2017

accents, etc.

Does anyone know an easy & effective way to have/make the Spanish accent marks available on a traditional English (American) keyboard? I do not have the right side number keys (like on a calculator) just the ones accross the top. Please help! Melissa

6 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Dec 9, 2017

Siempre que llovió, paró

I know this is an idiomatic expression but the bit that I'd like to focus on is the conjugation of the verb llover in the preterite. My understanding is that when you see the word siempre, it usually signals that the verb used should be conjugated in the imperfect, when talking in the past...

6 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich -
Oct 19, 2017

beginner book location

Where is the beginner's book? Someone suggeted it is in section 10.0, my course starts with 10.1, someone said click on your account, but my account options are profile and logout. Help please :-)

6 replies - Last post by Rodney-J -
Aug 13, 2017

Multiple meanings of the verb 'hacer'.

I've reached lesson 4 and I've already seen it to mean: to make, to do, to be, to go. Under what circumstances should it be used for each meaning?

8 replies - Last post by Rodney-J -
Aug 12, 2017

Sino vs Sino que

Hi everyone, I’ve recently gone through lesson 12.5: Nature Conversation and the corresponding grammar lesson 12.11: Being Contrary, But, Not Only. I’m a little confused on how sino works, and I was hoping that you could clear things up for me. This is quoted directly from the grammar...

6 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Aug 4, 2017

on an example in 4.9 Indirect pronouns

"Lupe está hablando con nosotros." No pronoun is used in this example. Was this meant be nos instead of nosotros?  

10 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Aug 3, 2017

Cristiano tiene decidido que seguirá en el Real Madrid

Interesting news for soccer fans but not my point... I can't remember seeing this construction before so I was wondering exactly how the following two phrases differ: - Cristiano ha decidido... - Cristiano tiene decidido...  

3 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Jul 12, 2017

Incorrect dialogue in Lesson 11.6 - CyberSpace (Premium)

Hi all -  I was going over some older lessons that I had done poorly on, and found this sentence: "Practicas tú estas palabras." I had missed it the first time around, and even though I know it is incorrect, I still asked all of my skype partners, from  both Latin America and Spain, and...

9 replies - Last post by KellyMJara -
Jun 11, 2017

Confused on the conjugation of "ofrecer"

In Lesson 4.4, the following sentence is presented: ¿Qué se le ofrece?  The translation is: What can I offer you? Why is the verb ofrecer conjugated in the third person here, when I am the one doing the offering? Why isn't it ofrezco? I'm probably too much of a beginner to understand...

11 replies - Last post by jolietil -
Jun 1, 2017

Other resources for learning what RS doesn't teach?

I am becoming increasingly frustrated with the lack of grammar in Rocket Spanish. Parroting and memorizing phrases is not going to help me build my own sentences when no explanations are given as to why certain words or conjugations are used!  Conjugations aren't even explained--I've had to...

6 replies - Last post by jolietil -
Jun 1, 2017

Indirect Commands

In lesson 16.8 on Indirect Commands, the following text is provided: USO 2 If you want to tell someone that a specific person (ex. Mario) should do something - that is, indirectly commanding a specified subject, use the following pattern: Que + [present subjunctive verb] + [subject] Note that...

5 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
May 26, 2017

¿Puede mover sus dedos?

This is a phrase from the Travelogue course. Shouldn't this be: - ¿Puede moverse los dedos? I do see examples of this on the web but I thought that you don't refer to body parts in the possessive in Spanish: my teeth, my leg, ...  

4 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Apr 28, 2017

...si cada uno de nosotros hiciéramos un poco...

This phrase comes from the Travelogue course lesson 11.4. I don't think this is correct. Am I wrong? I think it should be: - ...si cada uno de nosotros hiciera un poco... since the subject is "cada uno".  

2 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Apr 25, 2017

Gramática: Una maldición necesaria.

Bueno, el lunes comenzé clases de gramática.  Solo son por dos semanas para repasar.  Es interesante lo cual he olvidado y también lo cual me he acordado.  Ciertamente es una buena ayuda a mi pero no significa que me gusta la gramática.  :) 

2 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Apr 1, 2017

Le vs. se vs. neither one...

Hola a todos.  I was studying some phrases tonight from the rocket Spanish grammar book, and have a couple questions.  1) Are le and se interchangeable? I mean, I know se exists because sometimes it's easier to say than le; in English, we do that with "a" and "an". But, is it okay to use...

4 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Mar 30, 2017

Direct and Indirect Objects

In lesson 2.1, the following phrase is mentioned: ¿En qué le puedo ayudar? My understanding is that an indirect object cannot exist in a sentence without a direct object. In the example sentence, I am struggling to understand why the indirect object pronoun "le" is used because I would have...

30 replies - Last post by KelllaurBailar -
Mar 27, 2017

letter sounds

the alphabet recordings give a two syllable sound-ehche for example, but the sample word exercise seems not to follow the sounds as they are individually presented.  What is happening-why the disconnect between letter sounds such as W dohblevah, and how it sounds in a word with w?  Stupid...

2 replies - Last post by jolietil -
Mar 22, 2017

Preterite or Imperfect Past?

Ok, perhaps I'm getting ahead of myself, since I've only been learning Spanish for three weeks but I recent watched a "Light Speed Spanish" YouTube video, where Gordon explains four ways to say "was" (https://youtu.be/DU8SXfKF-O4). The way he explains it is brilliant but then, in one of the...

9 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Mar 10, 2017

Bueno, el hecho de que sea una mujer que le gusta salir...

- Well, the fact that I’m an outdoorsy woman... As a reflex, I stick an "a" in there: ...de que sea una mujer a que le gusta salir... Is the phrase correct as is? Do we vote on it? ¿Solicitamos el Real Academia Española? It seems I remember a similar case here in the forum where we all...

5 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Mar 7, 2017

Take and Take

Is it better to say "tomar una foto" or "sacar una foto". Don't they both mean to take?

5 replies - Last post by stepchook -
Mar 5, 2017

Ha sido un gusto

In lession 1.4 it translates ha sido un gusto as it was a pleasure. Surely, however, this is the indicative perfect conjugation of the verb ser? As such, it should be translated as It has been a pleasure. I would've thought that the correct Spanish translation for it was a pleasure should...

3 replies - Last post by stepchook -
Feb 26, 2017

En que trabajas.

This seems to be saying "That your job." Why don't you say, "What is your job?" as "Que es trabajas?"   Kim 

7 replies - Last post by stepchook -
Feb 24, 2017

al

- Ay, Miguel; estoy de acuerdo en que al estar en un sabático, necesitamos ser cuidadosos al ahorrar dinero - Oh, Miguel; I agree that being on a sabbatical, we need to be very careful saving money This sentence has two examples of this construction and I seem to be having difficulty...

6 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Feb 23, 2017

Conjugation of PODAR

Hi Everyone, I'm studying lesson 1.4 and I'm a little confused by the conjugation of the word "podar". In the lesson, it says: "¿Puedo sacar su foto?". This is obviously translated as "Can I take your photo?". It also says "¿Puede sacar mi foto?". This is obviously translated as "Can you...

6 replies - Last post by stepchook -
Feb 22, 2017

Desde Puno, podemos tomar el tren a Cusco, la cual se supone es Hermosa,

From Puno we can take the train to Cusco, which is supposed to be beautiful, The phrase is correct as I found all kinds of examples on the web. It just seems strange to me to see "se supone" and then a conjugated verb (es) directly afterwards. Ah, maybe it's something like the following: - la...

3 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Feb 15, 2017

Si yo a éste ni lo conozco.

- I don’t even know this guy. For the life of me, I cannot get my head around this phrase. Anyone?  

3 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Feb 13, 2017

Para mientras o Por mientras

From the Spanish Travelogue lesson 10.5 At the Doctors - Necesito algo para el dolor para mientras. I need something for the pain in the meantime. - ¿Puede darle algo para el dolor por mientras? Can you give him something for the pain in the meantime? I was curious to see these phrases one...

2 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Jan 28, 2017

Using Definite Articles

After studying Spanish for as long as I have, I can't believe I still have such a basic question, but so be it... Spanish uses definite articles much more than we do in English, such as this phrase from lesson 15.4: “Y mi palabra es la ley.” "And my word is law." Another example (my own...

3 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 -
Jan 6, 2017

Bending of verbs

Hello! I have two questions I'd like to address: NUMERO UNO "Porque tenemos que llegar al aeropuerto a las seis". Why is it llegar and not llegamos in this sentence? "Dónde está la puerta de salida". Why salida in this one? http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/salir "salida" is nowhere to be...

14 replies - Last post by KelllaurBailar -
Jan 4, 2017

Use of que in "Tenemos que salir temprano"

I just cannot understand the seemingly random use of the word "que." Take this example, "Tenemos que salir temprano."  We have to leave early. There is no word "that, which, or who" in that sentence, there is no preposition, no connector. Why put the word "que" in it?? Kim 

2 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Dec 17, 2016

"Ll" pronunciation issue

Hi all! This has been driving me a bit nuts with every Spanish program I use.   In the beginning, when being instructed on how to pronounce the double L (llaves, llorar, cepillo, pollo, ect.) I have been taught that it is pronounced like the English "y" except Argentina and Uruguay, where it...

12 replies - Last post by the-hefay -
Dec 15, 2016

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