Spanish - Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Spanish language works, you'll be able to speak Spanish naturally, and read and write in Spanish. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

please speak more slowlk

Hable mas despacio por favor, This is an imperative.  Why is the the verb not habla rather than hable.Hable is sunjunctive and this is not the mood

2 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 28, 2022

Ser vs estar in lesson 9.8

I have a question from lesson 9.8. It says "(we) were friends once" translated as "fuimos amigos una vez", the preterite of ser. This sentence implies that the friendship ended. Shouldn't the preterite of estar be used here?

0 replies - Last post by LisaL92 - November 28, 2022

"Una casa que te guste": Why use the subjunctive here?

busca casa que te guste.What rule dictates the use of subjunctive in this case? thank you

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 21, 2022

Why do we use the subjunctive with "siempre y cuando"?

Bueno, está bien. Siempre y cuando tenga una buena personalidad.Why do we us subjunctive. What is the rule

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 21, 2022

Grammar

Jose wants to give it to Maria.Jose quiere darselo a Maria Why cant we say Jose quiere darlo a Maria?Why do we need the indirect object pronoun here.. What is the rule

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 14, 2022

Object pronouns

no tienes que preocuparte.You don't have to worryWhy do we need the TE pronoun?Also, why not say no tienes que preocuparse?

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 7, 2022

Placement of direct and indirect object pronouns

DO pronouns and indirect can go in either of 3 places… attached to infinitive; before verb or attached to gerunds.Question… is there any preferable placement if you have more than one option.  i.e.  I want to eat itLo quiero comer or quiero comerlo

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 7, 2022

olvidemonos de esto y solo amemonos.. Let's forget about this and just love each other

I understand the object pronoun NOS attached at the end of the verb, but i cannot find any verb conjugations as olvidemo or  amemo.. However, There ARE verbs olvidemoS and amemoS in the subjunctive. I had read that this was the first person plural imperat...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 31, 2022

...probablemente hagas windsurf y paracaidismo.

This comes from the Travelog course 1.1. Is there an implied hasta in the phrase which justifies the use of the subjunctive here?- probablemente hasta hagas windsurf y paracaidismo.

2 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - October 27, 2022

Use of tener after puedo

Hola! In lesson 1.6 ‘tener’ is used in the following sentence rather than ‘tengo.’ Why is that the case?  ¿Puedo tener tu número ​telefónico? Gracias!  Grandma K

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 17, 2022

Saber vs Conocer

Ellos saben jugar a las cartas.Conoce las reglas del juego. I am confused in Lesson 6.8 by these two sentences. I would have used saber for both (since you had to learn the rules to play) but I could maybe see (sort of) conocer for knowing how to play but...

5 replies - Last post by Scott_C - October 4, 2022

Use of the verb form GUSTO

I learned that there is no verb GUSTO (no accent)However, I come across le gusto - she (he) likes me. or te gusto(you like me). I do not understand how the first person singular is used with this backwards verb…  I thought you can only have gusta, gustas ...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 4, 2022

conjugation of preocupar

me preocupa means I am worried… or  worry. Why is not it me preocupo rather than preocupa.What verb tense is that Thank youKen

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 4, 2022

Cual vs Que

¡Hola!I'm just starting to learn Spanish and this relates to lesson 1.5. When do you use cuál instead of qué?For example¿Cuál es tu profesión? vs ¿Qué ​haces? I expected the first sentence to start with qué (eg, ¿Qué es tu profesion?) but it begins with c...

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 4, 2022

Why Do We Need the NOS Pronoun

El momento en que nos dedicamos a torturar a nuestros alumnos...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 4, 2022

use of sunjuntive

why is the subjunctive used here.es importante que hable contigo

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 4, 2022

How to say please respond

Ive seen it two ways Por favor responda and por favor responde.What is the difference?

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 4, 2022

Indirect object, direct object, and combination pronouns.

I seemed to have “hit a wall” trying to grasp indirect object, direct object, and combination pronouns. I'm bogged down on lessons 5.6, 5.7, 5.8any tips?  Thanks!

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - September 23, 2022

Sino and sino que

I was under the impression that you used  sino if there was no conjugated verb after using sino in the sentence and sino que if there was a conjugated verb after using sino que. In lesson 13.3 there is this sentence:  Mauricio no solo es director de venta...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - September 19, 2022

Indirect Object Pronouns in Lesson 5.7

I'm trying to get a feel for when to use indirect object pronouns when the IO is mentioned specifically.  The sentence “Jenny le está escribiendo una carta a su padre.” in Lesson 5.7 has both “le” and “su padre.”  The lesson says that you don't need the “...

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - September 9, 2022

The word 'se'

I'm in lesson 6.7, and the word ‘se’ is being used. I don't understand how it is functioning - it seems to have multiple uses. Now, I may have forgotten, but I also don't remember this word being introduced or any lessons about it. I'm very confused about...

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - September 5, 2022

Adjective placement in "Volábamos sobre increíbles montañas"

In Spanish 11.5 we're given the following translationVolábamos sobre increíbles montañas.(We) were flying over incredible mountains. Normally I would expect it to be montañas increíbles rather than increíbles montañas Is there a reason it looks backwards ...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - July 25, 2022

sólo que al otro lado del “Río Uruguay”.

The “que” in this phrase really seems to throw me off. Should it be there? What purpose does it serve?

3 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - July 2, 2022

Latin American pronunciation of "ll"

Years ago when I studied Spanish, we were taught to pronounce “ll” as if it were the “y” in young or year. My Argentinan friend pronounced it as if it were the “j” in just.In the Rocket lessons, I'm hearing it pronounced more like “j” than “y”.  SO - Eith...

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - June 14, 2022

Necesitamos ya sea recuperar nuestros pasaportes o sacar unos nuevos.

- (We) need to either get our passports back or get new ones. What purpose does the “ya sea” serve here? The phrase seems to stand on its own without that. Thanks!

4 replies - Last post by Steven-W15 - June 8, 2022

Accent marks

Does anybody have a concise reference on accent marks? I'd like to know the rules!

2 replies - Last post by Janet33 - May 19, 2022

...y lo navegaremos por diez kilómetros hacia adentro hasta el Rio Plátano.

- …and ride it inland ten kilometers up the Rio Plátano. I can't seem to get my head around the “hacia adentro hasta” part of the translation. It somehow doesn't sound like “inland up” a river. What am I missing here?

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - May 16, 2022

Passive se

Hi,the store opens at tenla tienda se abre a las diezSe abre la tienda a las diez i believe you can use this sentence either way , , please advise.but my main question is why not just say la tienda abre a las diezwhy the se like with what time does that r...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - May 4, 2022

Les?

Les juro que guardaré su secreto.(I) swear that (I) will keep your secret.from 14.7Why is it ‘les' and not ‘le’or les and sus?

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - May 2, 2022

Yo soy su amigo --> I am her friend?

In lesson 1.11, without more context, I'm not seeing how to know “Yo soy su amigo” translates to “I am her friend.” Did I miss something?

2 replies - Last post by NicholasR31 - April 29, 2022

certifiquemos o certificáramos ?

In Travelogue 2.3:- “…sería una buena idea que ambos nos certifiquemos como buceadores antes de ir.”- “(it) would be a good idea that we both get certified as divers before (we) go.” I just checked and I did ask about this 4 years ago! (Just us hacks were...

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - April 26, 2022

Que with accent and que without

Why in the phrase Que tengas un buen fin de semana does the e in que not have an accent mark and why in the phrase que bueno does the e in que have an accent mark? Thanks,Donnie

2 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - April 19, 2022

Tener Ganas de

In lesson 6.4, the phrase "tener ganas de" is translated as both “I feel like” and “I have desires of." I feel like these can be different things in English.  The example of “I feel like going out” is simple enough, shows a feeling of desire. But, I used ...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - April 4, 2022

When to use hacer, estar, hay in relation to weather

I was doing level 1, 3.3 and the subject is the weather.  How does one know when to use hacer in relation to the weather.  here are a number of examples in the lesson: va a llover, va a hacer sol, puede hacer calor/frio, puede llover/nevar.  I don't under...

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - March 25, 2022

Learning Verb Forms

Hello Liss,I am very new to Rocket Spanish and relatively new to learning Spanish. I am enjoying the process so far but I am super confused about the various ways to say “I + am/will/was/can/have” etc. Yo, Soy, Estoy, Puedo, voy, habria :) And I understan...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - March 7, 2022

pronouns

Gabriela quiere dárselo a María.Gabriela wants to give it to Maria.My Question is why do we need the selo after dar… Why no just darlo?

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - February 28, 2022

Use of LE after "a quien"

Why is there a “LE” in the sentence:A quién le quiere dar Gabriela un regalo?Why could you not say the same without the "LE"?

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - February 28, 2022

Lesson 9.2, correct pronoun

In lesson 9.2 there is the following sentence:“No le vi a mi mamá.”Why is it not “No la vi a mi mama”?Ver comes with a direct object, and mama is fem.

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - February 21, 2022

fui v. era

Can anyone help me understand the difference between the past tenses of ser, por ejemplo, ¿Cuál es la differéncia entre yo fui y yo era ?

2 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - January 10, 2022

"Saber qué" vs. "Saber lo que"

Hi 14.2 33.58no sabemos que haremos  could i have used lo que .  if not , why Thanks.

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - December 21, 2021

Para & para que

Hi Liss,Can you helpTe daré tiempo para que lo piensesBecause there are two subjects i and you  i used para que And then it goes subjunctive  think about itbut when i writete daré dos horas ,,, it goes ,,, para pensarlo. why ..should it not be para que lo...

2 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - December 6, 2021

Para mí vs. Me

Sorry ,another one si pudieras echarías al correo estas cartas para mi si pudieras me harías un favorThis last sentence was would you do a favour for me if its — for me --why not para mi last first one.it seems more like would you do me a favour is there ...

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 26, 2021

LLAMARLO vs. LLAMARLE

Sorry liss,silly question for you but it confuses me why llamarle & llamarlo for call him like , i am going to call him , is there a trick here or can you use either .thanks again ,

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 26, 2021

Sometimes Putting the Verb Before the Subject

Thank You Liss,for the above , still find it confusing but I'm working on it  but my next question is. Estuve muy triste cuando murió mi perro.  (Mi perro murió )  Why does murió go before my dog and on some other books i have read murió goes after my dog...

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 18, 2021

Adjective Word Order

Hi also cuando mi perro murió, cuando murió mi perroyou advise both are ok but some like the verb next to the adverb what about this…debemos mantener nuestros escritorios ordenados , i wrote thisbut ordenados nuestros escritorios  keeps coming up, ordenad...

5 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - November 8, 2021

Question on ALGUNO vs. ALGO DE and NINGUNO

Hello again,i am learning about algunoi think as an adjective use algún with nounsalgún día Why cant you say  algún dinero , some moneyits keeps throwing up algo de dinero also ninguna otra razón,  i have ningún and ninguna as not any , not a single one ,...

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 27, 2021

7.4 the 'the' in the examples

In 7.4 level 1, the following examples are given.¿Te gustan los perros?Do you like dogs? Nos gustan las pinturas.We like the paintings. for the dogs it is translated as ‘dogs’ not ‘the dogs’ which has a slightly different meaning. But for paintings the ‘t...

4 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 21, 2021

Subject in Gustar sentence

In 7.4 the subject of the sentence is always placed at the endme gusta el gato. el gato is at the end. This is true of every sentence in the  lesson except when then make a person the subjectMiguel me gusta.Then the subject (miguel) is placed at the front...

2 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 21, 2021

implied 'enough'?

Hi in 7.4 we are given the following translationMe falta dinero para comprar la leche.I don't have enough money to buy the milk.Wouldnt that just translate to “I dont have money to buy the milk”? Is the ‘enough’ implied in the phrasing or should we be say...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 18, 2021

Singular of vacation

in 6.3 the conversation includesEstas son las mejores vacaciones de mi vida.This is the best vacation of my life.It mentions that vacaciones is treated as plural, which explains the ‘estas son’. Which means the above sentence translates literally to “Thes...

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 18, 2021

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