Hindi Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Hindi language works, you'll be able to speak Hindi naturally, and read and write in Hindi. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new topic at the bottom. Don’t be shy!

Karana aur karvana

What's the difference between karana and karvana. कराना और करवाना मे क्या फर्क है

1 reply - Last post by Adithya-Rocket-Hindi-Tutor - May 21, 2019

Par vs pe

Hello friends I am helping my friend with his Hindi and I need help with a grammar elated query . I just wondered if you could tell me the difference between the Hindi conjunctions 'par' & 'pe'. To my understanding, both can be used interchangeably. But '...

1 reply - Last post by Adithya-Rocket-Hindi-Tutor - May 21, 2019

Using bindu or character

How does one know when to use a bindu or characters म न are there any hard and fast rules for this?

1 reply - Last post by Adithya-Rocket-Hindi-Tutor - March 14, 2019

पुर्ण भूतकाल vs समान्या भूतकाल

Im not entirely sure when to use what. To my understanding, its a case of when I did something.  If I was to say I went to Delhi without a time frame or very recently,   कल मैं दिल्ली गए because it is the recent past or I would say I went to Delhi to bu...

1 reply - Last post by Adithya-Rocket-Hindi-Tutor - March 14, 2019

What is the meaning/use of "hu" or "ho"?

In the first conversation lesson, you learn that one response to "How are you" is "Mai achhi hu" (female). But the meaning of the word "hu" is never explained. I have heard "hu/ho" used in sentences but don't know what it means. can someone help? :)

1 reply - Last post by Deven--3 देवन--३ - April 13, 2018

"aap kaise hai?" vs "kaise hai aap?"

So far, in other Hindi courses, Hindi films etc. I've only come across "aap kaise hai?" i.e. putting the verb at the end of the sentence. But judging by the first lesson, Rocket Hindi seems to teach both, slightly favouring "kaise hai aap?". Is this defin...

1 reply - Last post by Aanchal-Rocket-Hindi-Tutor - December 4, 2017

the difference between मैं नीचे गिरा and मैं नीचे गिर गया

what is the difference between the two sentences in terms of meanings and in what context would you use what?

1 reply - Last post by Aanchal-Rocket-Hindi-Tutor - October 22, 2017

kash hota काश होता

What is kash hota काश होता How would you use this to say. had I had done that, I would be such and such e.g. Had I got married to her, I would be a happy person today.  How would one write that in Hindi

1 reply - Last post by Aanchal-Rocket-Hindi-Tutor - October 22, 2017

pronouns for inanimate and animate objects

to my understanding KO को is used to denote any action action done to animate object. For example I fed the cat मैं ने बिल्ली को खिलाया The pronoun would be isko or usko no? मैंं ने उसको खिलाया However when referring to an inanimate object. You would u...

3 replies - Last post by Harish-Rocket-Hindi-Tutor - August 22, 2017

difference between jana and pata to know.

What is the difference between jaanna and pata to know something As in मैं जानता हूँ vs मुझे पता हैं I think janna is for people and places and pata is for everything else? Am I correct in my understanding?

4 replies - Last post by rmidha - August 5, 2017

When o use half letters.

when do you use half characters for a word. What are the rules for this? e.g. क्या

1 reply - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 21, 2017

sa, si, se

When do you use sa, si se. Toda sa todi si. Im not quite sure about this. Like' Mai thoda sa thaka hu' मैं तोधा से थका हूँ. Se is used for from and comparisons. USA India se zyada amir hai संयुक्त राज्य भारत से ज्यादा अमीर है. And from as in Mai Delhi se ...

5 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 13, 2017

Expression of compulsion: Hona vs Parna

What is a stronger level of compulsion. Hona होना or Parna पड़ना Im still not entirely sure when to use what!! I will have to eat or I will die Mujhe khanna parega varana main mar jaunga  मुझे खाना पड़ेगा वरना मैं मर जाउंगा Mujhe khanna hoga varna mai...

1 reply - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 6, 2017

Talking about gaining something in the past tense

How would one say India gained independence on the 15th January 1947 Would it be  15 august 1947 ko India ko aazadi milli 15 अगस्ट को भारत को आजादी मिली 15 august 1947 India aazad hogaya tha 15 अगस्त भारत आजाद होगेया था Please explain the reasoning be...

1 reply - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - June 7, 2017

Can you translate this? Listen to this song, it is very sweet.

Can you translate this? Listen to this song, it is very sweet.

12 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - June 7, 2017

Can you translate these? 1. beautiful house 2. beautiful houses

Can you translate these? 1. beautiful  house 2. beautiful houses

6 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - June 7, 2017

Can you translate this? Eating quickly is not good.

Can you translate this? Eating quickly is not good.

9 replies - Last post by rmidha - June 7, 2017

Can you translate this? Is the Bhagavadgītā in Sanskrit?

Can you translate this? Is the Bhagavadgītā in Sanskrit?

4 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - June 5, 2017

Chathta hoon vs chahiye

There are two ways to express want in hindi as far as I can see: main chahta hoon, मैं चाहता हूँ; mujhe chahiye मुझे चाहिये. in what contexts are both used? I think chahiye is stronger and expresses need e.g. As in ham bhooke hain aur hamko khanna chahi...

1 reply - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - June 5, 2017

Can you translate this into Hindi? I give money to the boy.

Can you translate this into Hindi? I give money to the boy.

3 replies - Last post by rmidha - May 26, 2017

Can you translate this? Please have some tea, eat some fruit.

Can you translate this? Please have some tea, eat some fruit.

3 replies - Last post by rmidha - May 26, 2017

What is the difference, in both grammar and meaning, between के नीचे and नीचे?

What is the difference, in both grammar and meaning, between के नीचे and नीचे?

2 replies - Last post by rmidha - May 26, 2017

In the expression पहली जून '1st June', why is पहली feminine?

In the expression पहली जून '1st June', why is पहली feminine?

3 replies - Last post by rmidha - May 26, 2017

Can you translate this? There is a pen on the table.

Can you translate this? There is a pen on the table.

3 replies - Last post by rmidha - May 26, 2017

Please translate: I have important work with him.

Please translate: I have important work with him.

3 replies - Last post by rmidha - May 26, 2017

Hindi Tenses

Could someone explain the Hindi tenses to me (past, present, future... what they are and how they work)?  Thank you.

4 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - February 10, 2017

Question regarding lesson 1.4

Should the first "ka" in the following sentence not be a "ke"? एक कमरे का एक रात का किराया कितना है? Reason (in my thinking): the second "ka" (preceding किराया) should trigger the oblique case.

2 replies - Last post by peterhudelmaier - July 10, 2016

Hindi keyboard

Hello.  Are there instructions available for how to use the Hindi keyboard for the typing exercises?   I cannot figure out how to type letter conjuncts. Thanks.

1 reply - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - June 11, 2016

Grammar

My question is the pronunciation of the first sound in the word "Shri".  In Module 2.9  The pronunciation for the first letter is "Ru"  but in Shri that same letter is pronounced "Ri".  Hard to explain without Devnagri  letters.  Please clarify.

0 replies - Last post by Linda-J39 - March 7, 2016

Can you translate this? हिन्दी मुशकिल है, है ना? - hindī muśakila hai, hai nā?

Can you translate this? हिन्दी मुशकिल है, है ना? - hindī muśakila hai, hai nā?

4 replies - Last post by John-H8 - February 3, 2016

Can you translate this? हम्हारे पास टिकट है-hamhārē pāsa ṭikaṭa hai.

Can you translate this? हम्हारे पास टिकट है-hamhārē pāsa ṭikaṭa hai.

4 replies - Last post by John-H8 - February 3, 2016

Hindi Alphabet

How many letters are in the Hindi alphabet total? Any tips on how to learn it faster? It is hard having completely different letters.  Thank you! (Ella)

2 replies - Last post by E&P - January 25, 2016

Can you translate this? "Shall we go for lunch tomorrow?"

Can you translate this?: Shall we go for lunch tomorrow?

2 replies - Last post by Deven--3 देवन--३ - January 17, 2016

Writing Vowels

Where do we mark the vowel on the consonants that connect to the line in 2 places (m, p, ph, etc)?

5 replies - Last post by Deven--3 देवन--३ - January 15, 2016

Can you translate this? मैं हिन्दी, अंग्रेज़ी और फ़्रांसी बोलता हूँ - mai

Can you translate this? मैं हिन्दी, अंग्रेज़ी और फ़्रांसी बोलता हूँ - maĩ hindī, angrēzī aura frā̃sī bōlatā hū̃.

3 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 7, 2016

Get up & Get down

Hi, If you want to say 'get down', would you say उतरो or नीचे उतरो? Same thing with the verb 'to get up.' Would it be proper or correct to say उठो? Thanks! Deven

4 replies - Last post by Deven--3 देवन--३ - January 7, 2016

Can you translate into Hindi? 1. Sita's bread(रोटी) 2. Sita's breads.

Can you translate into Hindi?  1. Sita's bread(रोटी) 2. Sita's breads.

4 replies - Last post by John-H8 - December 28, 2015

Please explain why the word का is needed?

Module 1.4 Booking a Room Extra Vocabulary एक कमरा कितने का है? ēka kamarā kitanē kā hai? How much is a room? Please explain why the word का is needed? Should it be एक कमरा कितना instead of एक कमरा कितने? कितना agrees with कमरा.

3 replies - Last post by John-H8 - December 28, 2015

नाश्ता कितने का है or नाश्ता कितना का है?

Module 2.1 Tourist Information Extra Vocabulary नाश्ता कितने का है ? nāśtā kitanē kā hai ? How much does the breakfast cost? Should it be नाश्ता कितना (nāśtā kitanā) instead of नाश्ता कितने(nāśtā kitanē) ?

2 replies - Last post by John-H8 - December 26, 2015

The oblique form of मैं ( मैं + को) = मुझे mujhe; there is an alternative oblique form of मैं other than मुझे mujhe; Do you know what it is?

The oblique form of मैं ( मैं +  को) = मुझे mujhe; there is an alternative oblique form of मैं  other than मुझे mujhe; Do you know what it is?

2 replies - Last post by John-H8 - December 25, 2015

Can you translate this? He/she likes samosas.

Can you translate this? He/she likes samosas.

3 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - December 24, 2015

Please translate: Yes, I know.

Please translate: Yes, I know.

4 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - December 24, 2015

Can you translate these? We have money. We will have money.

Can you translate these? We have money. We will have money.

2 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - December 24, 2015

Bolna

Hi, I believe 'bolna' means 'to speak' but in the lesson 2.2 it says speaking is 'bolanevala' I thought you should add 'rahenge' to alter the context. Thank you Mary

2 replies - Last post by Deven--3 देवन--३ - December 20, 2015

Would you please explain why there are two का (kā): एक कमरे का and एक रात का?

Module 1.4 Booking a Room एक कमरे का एक रात का किराया कितना है? ēka kamarē kā ēka rāta kā kirāyā kitanā hai? How much is it for a room per night? I don't understand the grammatical construction of this sentence. Would you please explain why there are two...

4 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - December 15, 2015

Can you translate these? The room is vacant. There is furniture in the room.

Can you translate these? The room is vacant. There is furniture in the room.

5 replies - Last post by John-H8 - December 15, 2015

Can you translate this ? हम को गरम खाना खिलाओ । Ham ko garam khānā khilāo

Can you translate this ? हम को गरम खाना खिलाओ । Ham ko garam khānā khilāo

6 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - December 15, 2015

Can you translate this? Is the Devanagari script old?

Can you translate this? Is the Devanagari script old?

2 replies - Last post by John-H8 - December 13, 2015

Can you translate this? You like singing. I like dancing.

Can you translate this? You like singing. I like dancing.

5 replies - Last post by John-H8 - December 12, 2015

In the expression पहली जून '1st June', why is पहली feminine?

In the expression पहली जून '1st June', why is पहली feminine?

5 replies - Last post by Sudhanshu - Rocket Languages Tutor - December 11, 2015

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