Spanish - Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Spanish language works, you'll be able to speak Spanish naturally, and read and write in Spanish. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

11.2 Pensé tener

Pensé tener buena suerte,pero no Why the infinitive of tener? Shouldn't it be the conditional form ?

3 replies - Last post by jchamb - May 22, 2013

Need help with simple & Continuous Future,Past Continuous

Hola! Can someone pl help me with the Simple & Continuous Future,Past Continuous. I would like to understand the usage of these tenses along with the Singular & Plural Subjects. Ex- I will do You will do He/She will do....so on... :)

3 replies - Last post by sharon--2 - May 10, 2013

can you give me few examples of superlative whilst talking about holidays

can you give me few examples of superlative whilst talking about holidays, pls

2 replies - Last post by Patrice-B - May 9, 2013

Por vs. Para. How can I tell when to use them?

I often get confused between "por" and "para." How do I know which to use? How can I tell? Can anyone explain this to me and give examples? They both mean "for," correct? ¡Necesito ayuda! Gracias.

1 reply - Last post by jchamb - May 1, 2013

When to use a

I do not understand the rules for using the "a" In lesson 2>2 (Weekend plans) They use the following . Voy manana No voy en bus Then they use voy a nadir voy a la playa Why isn't the "a" used after the Ir verb in the frist first two sentences.

1 reply - Last post by jchamb - May 1, 2013

spanish verb list

where can I find a list of verb tenses on Rocket Spanish? Thanks,

1 reply - Last post by jchamb - May 1, 2013

verbs

This is starting to look hopeless. Started the preterit lesson but when I go to my dictionary I see that between indicative, subjunctive, imperative, perfect, and perfect subjunctive (and I don't really know what any of these mean) there are well over 100...

17 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - May 1, 2013

"Son estas" [lesson 3.4]

Hi all, One thing I can't get my head round in lesson 3.4 - the phrase "Son estas" in the sentence ¿Son estas maletas suyas?. When "Es" is used (i.e. formal You are, he is, she is), I always take it to also mean "It is" (i.e. Es muy largo in one of the ...

5 replies - Last post by jchamb - April 25, 2013

por vs para

¿ para cuántas personas¿ ¿ por cuántos días ¿ Why not use the same "para" or 'pro" for both sentences

5 replies - Last post by tosh72 - April 24, 2013

What is the difference

What is the difference between Pido (vb. Pedir) meaning to ask, and Puedo (vb. Poder) Gracias

4 replies - Last post by De-Oppresso-Liber - April 5, 2013

Use of the definite article

Can someone explain, please, what seems to me like a very arbitrary use of the definite article in Spanish. For example, in 12.3, entitled Chilean Literature, it says..." En mi familia, la literatura chilena...." meaning, " In my family, Chilean literatur...

4 replies - Last post by Reynaldo-- - April 2, 2013

hate and love

how do you say i love and hate cat and dogs

9 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - March 20, 2013

El verbo disfrutar

En leccion 18.3; ¿Porque Alejandra utiliza el verbo disfrutar sin la preposición de? Por ejemplo, "Todo el mundo disfruta reventar la piñata." ¡Muchas gracias por su ayuda!

5 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - March 20, 2013

Word Order

Hola Chicos, I'm in unit one now and I'm progressing along well. I was wondering, what the word order is. I find that I get all the words but not necessarily the word order. Any suggestions?

4 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - March 20, 2013

SER versus ESTAR

I found another reference for Ser vs. Estar: http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~annw/ser-estar.html To quote that page: "En (and in a few cases, a,) is most often used to describe a location or condition, and the linker is usually estar. The except...

7 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - March 20, 2013

Dejar or salir- Which to use when?

When should you use dejar as opposed to salir when taking about "leaving" John

2 replies - Last post by John-H11 - March 15, 2013

rehersal self tests

when I click on rehersal self test, it takes me to quiz 1.13.1. This is quite advanced for where I am in my lessons. Are there quized for less advanced sections?

2 replies - Last post by Random1 - February 26, 2013

Direct/Indirect Pronouncs - Question Based on Lesson 4.8

The Language and Culture lesson 4.8 has the following example: Initial sentence: Les muestra la casa - He shows them the house. Once the direct object pronoun is added, it changes to: Se las muestra - He shows them it. I don't get how the indirect obje...

9 replies - Last post by Carlene-R - February 21, 2013

question on 1.10 translation

Hola. I am currently working on 1.10 about articles. I am running through the know it area and found this sentence: Las chicas salieron a correr. Now, I know from the lesson provided, this is said to be "The girls went running." However, from what I h...

6 replies - Last post by Andres--14 - February 18, 2013

Lesson 1.3 Question

Nevermind.

1 reply - Last post by Carlene-R - February 14, 2013

What is 'le' doing there?

This is in lesson 4.8 in language and culture. In lesson 4.8 it is teaching direct and indirect object stuff Jorge le pide los libros a Carla = Jorge asks Carla for the books Jorge se los pide = Jorge asks her for them What I don't understand is what the...

3 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - February 6, 2013

learning verbs tenses

i have learned most of the present tense verbs, but i find the rest - like past and future - a lot more confusing. Does anyone know of an easy way to learn these?

6 replies - Last post by ihspain-- - January 28, 2013

I COULD HAVE AND I SHOULD HAVE

Hola amigos I recently came across a Spanish sentence that said "Podria haber ido al cine anoche," which I understood to mean "I could have gone to the movies last night." This was in a text book, so I assume it is correct. However, I seem to recall th...

4 replies - Last post by Claudia7 - December 30, 2012

Está who?

¡Hola mi amigos! I have a question...Okay, if está is the "he, she, it" form of estar, why do you still have to add the él or ella before it? For instance: "She is eating" (Ella está comiendo). Está means "she is' in this sentence, right? Is the gende...

15 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - December 24, 2012

Another question on the subjunctive

Hola amigos I am having trouble translating the sentence: "I hope that my brother went to the movies with you last night." The sentence seems to call for the subjunctive because the main clause expresses a hope. But I haven't been able to find a satisf...

5 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - December 22, 2012

The Most Important Verb Tenses

Hi, I just recently purchased 501 Spanish Verbs and although it is a great book I am somewhat overwhelmed. I have been told by a few people to not get too hung up on verbs and after finding out there are 14 different tenses I hope there advice is correct....

12 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - December 12, 2012

Of "es" and "eres"

In the course we are told "es muy amble" means "you're very kind". Why not use eres? Does "es" also mean "you are"?

7 replies - Last post by Mark-A6 - December 6, 2012

Spanish Meetup

Hey, I found this great site __http://spanish.meetup.com/__. You can put in your location (even in other countries!) and find a group that meets up to practice Spanish. The biggest problem is that it's not available for all areas, and some places (lik...

5 replies - Last post by James-R5 - December 4, 2012

Abrazarse - reflexive?

Hi I tried an online systran translation of "I wanted to hug you" and got "deseé abrazarle" Is this reflexive, is it right? I don't really understand if this is a context when a reflexive verb should be used, and cannot ...

6 replies - Last post by Daniella-M - November 18, 2012

Why is it imperfect past tense instead of preterie

Hello! I have a spanish assignment, and i just don't know where to start. So my question is: Why is this sentence Imperfect? : El guardia dijo que no se podía entrar hasta las dos. We have an actual period, so what is the explanation? Please heeeelp! Thanks

1 reply - Last post by sjlkh - November 6, 2012

compound verb tenses present

amy waterman on mar 27 2006 in speaking of sujunctive and conditional tenses states that one can get around them in the beginning by mastering the present..."If you can master compound verb tenses (such as conjugated present tense plus an infinitive) you ...

5 replies - Last post by Nuwey-- - November 2, 2012

'I will be' - is this an exception?

I think I may be confused - in the second course the lesson 5.1 Carmen gives the future tense of 'I will be' as sera and specifically gives the ending as 'a'. I note that other verbs have the first person future tense ending in 'e'. Is ser an exception i...

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - October 23, 2012

subjunctive or preterite

In 12.3 Rocket Spanish -Chilean Literature- we find the sentence: Estaba pensando que te enseñe bien .(Which is yo in the present subjunctive) Which translates as: I was thinking that I had taught you well. Should it not be enseñé (preterite tense) or b...

10 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - October 23, 2012

eso que

Hola todos, In this sentence :eso que no había llorado en mucho tiempo. What is the meaning of "eso que"? Gracias, Rich

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - September 20, 2012

Part of Speech

What is the part of speech term for "the" (el/la)? Please give in spanish and english, thanks.

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - September 18, 2012

telling time to the hour

ok 1.7 of the beginner book it says es cuarto para las cuatro (3:45) why is "es" used and not "son"secondly do you only use "es " for only quarter to the hour eg (2:45) or 4:45 begins with "es" but the others "son " im referring to telling time to th...

1 reply - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - September 5, 2012

estoy vs tengo

ok ive done a search and couldnt find any info when do you use estoy vs tengo ive seen both translated to mean i am thanks

2 replies - Last post by Matthew-B1 - August 23, 2012

How do I say I am going to miss someone?

Can anyone tell me how to say I am going to miss a person, meaning that I am going to regret his or her absence? I have read that there are two expressions (extrañar and echar de menos) but I am not sure how to use them. For example, can I say "Voy a ex...

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - August 14, 2012

Asking "did" questions

In 14.1 we have the statement "No te escuché (I didn't hear you.) How would you say Did you hear me? Is it "Me escuchaste? or ¿Escuchaste me?. Or do we use oíste? or ¿has oído me?

5 replies - Last post by John-H11 - August 8, 2012

Spanish Radio Stations

Here's a link to an About.com article with links to many Spansh stations at: http://spanish.about.com/od/tipsforlearningspanish/a/net_spanish.htm?nl=1 "Spanish-language webcasts, podcasts and other programming is available for free on the Internet&q...

3 replies - Last post by Lon-D - August 2, 2012

Using the verb gustar

I have a question about the correct use of the verb "gustar" in the conditional tense. I know that I can say things like "me gustaría ir a nadar" and "me gustaría viajar." But must the expression "me gustaría" always be followed directly by a verb? Or ...

2 replies - Last post by Tango - July 27, 2012

how to pronounce words in Spanish

hola! can anyone help me out on how to pronounce words in Spanish just by looking at the word? I tried the first lesson under language and culture on how to pronounce Spanish words, but it doesn't help. For example, how do you say sois?

3 replies - Last post by Matthew-B1 - July 16, 2012

how to pronounce "ll"

I am a little confused on the correct pronunciation of "ll" in Spanish. In listening to this course, I have heard it said in several ways and I'm not sure why there is a difference. Sometimes it seems to be pronounced like a "y", somet...

15 replies - Last post by Matthew-B1 - July 16, 2012

Word transitioning

Hi I am anthony, I am having trouble with my word transition with words that end in L into words that begin in R (el rey), and also words that end in S and being with R (los reyes). How do I combat that? I think that I am holding my tongue to long agains...

1 reply - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - July 4, 2012

how to pronounce "b" and "V"

¡Hola! i just bought rocket Spanish about a week ago and i love it. i am currently in my 3rd year of Spanish at school but i never learned the speaking aspect of Spanish much. so if anybody can please help me. when learning Spanish, my teachers have a...

7 replies - Last post by Ricky-F - June 22, 2012

Poco or Poca?

In lesson 7.2, we hear this about the kitchen: "Está un poco sucia." Why is it not: "Está un *poca * sucia"? I thought there needed to be a gender match here. Why isn't there one? Thank you, Greg

5 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - June 13, 2012

Cual v. que

What is the rule for using "cual" when aking a what question? For example" "Cual es la direccion?" "Why not "que es la direccion?" Thanx.

8 replies - Last post by sangeetha-- - May 19, 2012

pronouns in the preterite

Hola I have another question. Can I say/write: Dejételo Meaning in english "I left it for you" or is it better as Te lo dejé or is this not possible in the preterite. John

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - May 17, 2012

answering machine message

Hola todos, Tengo una pregunta. To say we're not home now please leave a message, I was going to say : No estamos en casa ahorita deje un mensaje por favor, gracias. I have a brother in-law that lived in Mexico for 10 yrs. who speaks & understands Spa...

4 replies - Last post by marion-b - May 12, 2012

Que or Cual

I'm a beginner so I am learning how to ask questions. I learned that que is what and cual is which. But in Lesson 3.3 Weather, we learn to say "Cual es el prognostico del tiempo" to say "What is the weather forecast?" Shouldn't it be Que es el prognost...

8 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - April 29, 2012

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