Spanish - Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Spanish language works, you'll be able to speak Spanish naturally, and read and write in Spanish. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

Why is it imperfect past tense instead of preterie

Hello! I have a spanish assignment, and i just don't know where to start. So my question is: Why is this sentence Imperfect? : El guardia dijo que no se podía entrar hasta las dos. We have an actual period, so what is the explanation? Please heeeelp! Thanks

1 reply - Last post by sjlkh - November 6, 2012

compound verb tenses present

amy waterman on mar 27 2006 in speaking of sujunctive and conditional tenses states that one can get around them in the beginning by mastering the present..."If you can master compound verb tenses (such as conjugated present tense plus an infinitive) you ...

5 replies - Last post by Nuwey-- - November 2, 2012

'I will be' - is this an exception?

I think I may be confused - in the second course the lesson 5.1 Carmen gives the future tense of 'I will be' as sera and specifically gives the ending as 'a'. I note that other verbs have the first person future tense ending in 'e'. Is ser an exception i...

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - October 23, 2012

subjunctive or preterite

In 12.3 Rocket Spanish -Chilean Literature- we find the sentence: Estaba pensando que te enseñe bien .(Which is yo in the present subjunctive) Which translates as: I was thinking that I had taught you well. Should it not be enseñé (preterite tense) or b...

10 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - October 23, 2012

eso que

Hola todos, In this sentence :eso que no había llorado en mucho tiempo. What is the meaning of "eso que"? Gracias, Rich

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - September 20, 2012

Part of Speech

What is the part of speech term for "the" (el/la)? Please give in spanish and english, thanks.

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - September 18, 2012

telling time to the hour

ok 1.7 of the beginner book it says es cuarto para las cuatro (3:45) why is "es" used and not "son"secondly do you only use "es " for only quarter to the hour eg (2:45) or 4:45 begins with "es" but the others "son " im referring to telling time to th...

1 reply - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - September 5, 2012

estoy vs tengo

ok ive done a search and couldnt find any info when do you use estoy vs tengo ive seen both translated to mean i am thanks

2 replies - Last post by Matthew-B1 - August 23, 2012

How do I say I am going to miss someone?

Can anyone tell me how to say I am going to miss a person, meaning that I am going to regret his or her absence? I have read that there are two expressions (extrañar and echar de menos) but I am not sure how to use them. For example, can I say "Voy a ex...

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - August 14, 2012

Asking "did" questions

In 14.1 we have the statement "No te escuché (I didn't hear you.) How would you say Did you hear me? Is it "Me escuchaste? or ¿Escuchaste me?. Or do we use oíste? or ¿has oído me?

5 replies - Last post by John-H11 - August 8, 2012

Spanish Radio Stations

Here's a link to an About.com article with links to many Spansh stations at: http://spanish.about.com/od/tipsforlearningspanish/a/net_spanish.htm?nl=1 "Spanish-language webcasts, podcasts and other programming is available for free on the Internet&q...

3 replies - Last post by Lon-D - August 2, 2012

Using the verb gustar

I have a question about the correct use of the verb "gustar" in the conditional tense. I know that I can say things like "me gustaría ir a nadar" and "me gustaría viajar." But must the expression "me gustaría" always be followed directly by a verb? Or ...

2 replies - Last post by Tango - July 27, 2012

how to pronounce words in Spanish

hola! can anyone help me out on how to pronounce words in Spanish just by looking at the word? I tried the first lesson under language and culture on how to pronounce Spanish words, but it doesn't help. For example, how do you say sois?

3 replies - Last post by Matthew-B1 - July 16, 2012

how to pronounce "ll"

I am a little confused on the correct pronunciation of "ll" in Spanish. In listening to this course, I have heard it said in several ways and I'm not sure why there is a difference. Sometimes it seems to be pronounced like a "y", somet...

15 replies - Last post by Matthew-B1 - July 16, 2012

Word transitioning

Hi I am anthony, I am having trouble with my word transition with words that end in L into words that begin in R (el rey), and also words that end in S and being with R (los reyes). How do I combat that? I think that I am holding my tongue to long agains...

1 reply - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - July 4, 2012

how to pronounce "b" and "V"

¡Hola! i just bought rocket Spanish about a week ago and i love it. i am currently in my 3rd year of Spanish at school but i never learned the speaking aspect of Spanish much. so if anybody can please help me. when learning Spanish, my teachers have a...

7 replies - Last post by Ricky-F - June 22, 2012

Poco or Poca?

In lesson 7.2, we hear this about the kitchen: "Está un poco sucia." Why is it not: "Está un *poca * sucia"? I thought there needed to be a gender match here. Why isn't there one? Thank you, Greg

5 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - June 13, 2012

Cual v. que

What is the rule for using "cual" when aking a what question? For example" "Cual es la direccion?" "Why not "que es la direccion?" Thanx.

8 replies - Last post by sangeetha-- - May 19, 2012

pronouns in the preterite

Hola I have another question. Can I say/write: Dejételo Meaning in english "I left it for you" or is it better as Te lo dejé or is this not possible in the preterite. John

1 reply - Last post by ricardo-rich - May 17, 2012

answering machine message

Hola todos, Tengo una pregunta. To say we're not home now please leave a message, I was going to say : No estamos en casa ahorita deje un mensaje por favor, gracias. I have a brother in-law that lived in Mexico for 10 yrs. who speaks & understands Spa...

4 replies - Last post by marion-b - May 12, 2012

Que or Cual

I'm a beginner so I am learning how to ask questions. I learned that que is what and cual is which. But in Lesson 3.3 Weather, we learn to say "Cual es el prognostico del tiempo" to say "What is the weather forecast?" Shouldn't it be Que es el prognost...

8 replies - Last post by ricardo-rich - April 29, 2012

Dondé es el subjunctive

I have just completed Rocket Spanish premium plus and I was feeling positive. However, two verb conjugations have not been addressed.One is the present perfect e.g He comido I have eaten etc.Which seems simple to master. However, the other is the subjunct...

4 replies - Last post by Luz-T - March 25, 2012

Getting the pronouns straight.

Hey guys, in lesson 2.1 Amy asks the following question: ¿Quiere visitar un museo o una iglesia? Could you also say/write is as: ¿Le quiere visitar un museo o una iglesia? Thanks!

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - March 2, 2012

parecer

I am having trouble with this word in sentences (grammatic structure). Can it be used for sentences like: The new song seems boring to us. The new song seems interesting to him. The new song seems very good to you. Thanks.

3 replies - Last post by emi-g - February 5, 2012

Using "Can" in English but not "Poder" in Spanish

I have a question about the use of the word "can" when forming questions in English where the corresponding verb "poder" in Spanish seems to often be omitted. For example "¿Me pasas la sal?" "Can you pass me the salt...

2 replies - Last post by joy-t - January 1, 2012

Como estas tu? vs. Como estas?

When would one term be more appropriate then the other?

5 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - December 13, 2011

Por favor, ayudame con "quiero" "me gustaria&

Necesito ayuda con la comprension la diferencia entre......me gustaria y quisiera. Estoy practicando espanol cada jueves con una persona de Ecuador. El dijo que "Yo quisiera es mas cortes o....polite....de la frase "me gustaria." S...

7 replies - Last post by Lauren-B1 - December 4, 2011

Soy/Estoy?

Amy: Soy de Ios Estados Unidos. Mauricio: Hablas español muy bien. Amy: Sólo un poco. Estoy aprendiendo. According to the introductions lesson both "Soy," and "Estoy," mean I'm. Why are there two separate words for I'm. Is it the speaker's choice? ...

2 replies - Last post by Aaron-A - November 28, 2011

Encantar, Gustar,etc. With pronouns

Hola todos, I have a question regarding the placement of direct pronouns with encantar, gustar etc. Those verbs that are used in the third person with the indirect object pronoun. If someone were to say:" me encanta éste sitio", and I wanted to reply ...

13 replies - Last post by Raymot - November 27, 2011

20.5 pdf

20.5 PDF - About the subjunctive The following passage occurs in lesson 20.5: “The personal 'a' is not used with direct objects that are indefinite or nonexistent (that is, a hypothetical person, place, or thing) EXCEPT before 'alguien' and 'nadie'. Look...

1 reply - Last post by Patrice-B - November 17, 2011

20.1 hace poco

In lession 20.1, they give this translation: “Es incómodo hablar con alguien conquien estuviste saliendo hace poco.” “It's uncomfortable to speak to someone who you went out with for a little while.” To me, “hace poco” means “a while ago, recently”. Can ...

2 replies - Last post by Raymot - November 14, 2011

How do you say "Me name is"

Hola! Como Estas? Estoy muy bien... And i need help saying my name is spanish =/ can you guys please help me? If you can that will be so helpful!

4 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - November 13, 2011

Vosotros and ir

¿Puede alguien explicar cómo usar "vosotros" e "ir" a decir "you went," "you are going," y "you will go"? Can someone explain how to use "vosotros" and "ir" to say "you went," "you are going," and "you will go"?

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - November 13, 2011

lesson 3.3

Why is it Cual es el pronostico del tiempo instead of Que es el pronostico.......................

1 reply - Last post by Raymot - November 11, 2011

use of tener

in the spanish language do you use the word for 'have' the same ways as in english? e.g. "i have to go now" or "i have improved" or "i haven't start yet" If not how would things like this be said? muchas gracias

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - November 7, 2011

Preposition "A"

I apologize if this has already been posted. Good Evening, I am new here and I have just begun the program. I was following the Language and Culture section when i came across this statement ¿Cúando fue el doctor a ver a la señora? The translation says th...

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - October 5, 2011

Use of "sí" in 12.2

Al fin de leccion 12.2 Chilean History, Mauricio dice, "Pero las fiestas, ¡de esas sí me acordaba!" Como se explica el uso de "sí"? Qué es la forma o función gramatical? Gracias por su ayuda.

3 replies - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - October 4, 2011

city life

Why was the t added to parque?

1 reply - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - September 14, 2011

este vs esto

Yo ví (I saw) ---> Me gusta éste, pero prefiero ése. en un lecion en una web pagina aqui pero... "Me gusta esto, pero prefiero eso" <---¿es correcto verdad?

1 reply - Last post by Pascal-P - August 11, 2011

Quiza vs quizas

Is there a difference to when either word (quiza or quizas) is used or do they both mean exactly the same thing and using one or the other makes no difference?

1 reply - Last post by Cristian-Montes-de-Oca - July 23, 2011

A donde vs adonde

I've seen "a donde" used in the Conversation Course book and "adonde" used in the Grammar book. Do these two words mean the same thing, but can be spelled in 2 different ways?

3 replies - Last post by Michelle-F - June 17, 2011

I can't roll my RRRRR's

any suggestions or help would be much appreciated...

9 replies - Last post by Esther-S - June 15, 2011

Verbarrator

Has anyone used this verb conjugation training software? I have looked at it on line and it seems as though it could be quite useful. Before I buy it however, I would like to get some feedback from actual users if possible. Muchas gracias.

3 replies - Last post by nohablo - May 16, 2011

Direct/Indirect object pronouns

This is from 4.6 and 4.7. "Quiero comprar un regalo por Teresa." Teresa is the indirect object, which becomes le. But why is the correct way "Le quiero comprar un regalo" and not "Quiero le comprar un regalo"?

2 replies - Last post by nohablo - May 16, 2011

Megaverbs

Hola! I downloaded MegaSpanish software and think it is great. I see MegaVocab and MegaAudio, but where is MegaVerbs? Mega Spanish PC version File type: exe File size: 29.93 MB Click here to download this file. The Rocket Spanish Software for PC User...

7 replies - Last post by William-H1 - May 8, 2011

Does grammar in the lessons get more advanced?

Hola! I just finished Lesson 1.3, and so far my extent of Spanish grammar knowledge is this: Quiero=I want and Quieres=You want. I know I'm not far into the course, but I was wondering: does the grammar get more advanced as the lessons go on? Is there exp...

2 replies - Last post by Abigail-- - May 5, 2011

para tomar

I'm a brand new spanish student. In the lesson about food and drink, why does "para" need to be before "tomar" if tomar means "to drink"? Wouldn't "para tomar" then mean "to to drink?"

1 reply - Last post by Adrian.W - April 1, 2011

"Me voy contigo"

Could someone please explain this to me. In one of the lessons the phrase "Me voy contigo" is used. Why does "Me voy contigo" mean I am going with you. Why wouldn't you say "Yo voy contigo"?

2 replies - Last post by Cathy-M - March 30, 2011

escribirlo

In lesson 2.6, the sentence used is "Voy a escribirlo en la manana." I can't find the word "escribirlo" in any of the 14 tenses in my verb book. It isn't referred to anywhere in the Beginners Spanish Book either. Would you please explain the 'lo' endi...

3 replies - Last post by nohablo - March 19, 2011

when to use "a" with que vas

In the conversations on travel there is the phrase: Que vas a hacer? When I speak to my Spanish friends they say that they do not use the "a". Instead they leave out the "a" and say Que vas hacer? In other parts of the conversation on travel the phrase Qu...

2 replies - Last post by nohablo - March 14, 2011

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