Japanese Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Japanese language works, you'll be able to speak Japanese naturally, and read and write in Japanese. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

New layout + quizzes

Well I love the new site to start off. Much easier to navigate through and stuff :] The quizzes seem to be somewhat glitched. I answered the quizzes for some lessons, and it gives me a grade that is too low. For example, the first one says 91% but when I...

7 replies - Last post by J742129 - March 1, 2014

Difference between tabemasen and tabenai

What is the main difference between tabemasen and tabenai?

4 replies - Last post by J742129 - February 3, 2014

How do Japanese native speakers write their name in Romaji/English?

Does the surname still come first? Or do they write their name as English speakers would; first name, then last name? I am corresponding with a Japanese hotel receptionist in English and I this person's first and last name could be either/or; a first o...

1 reply - Last post by 2679 - December 14, 2013

O (wo) particle confusion

Hello my fellow Japanese learners! みなさん おげんき ですか? Perhaps I'm being premature in asking, (as it might come in more detail at later lessons) but I'm becoming more baffled by particles. My question in this instance is when to use を and when to use は . f...

3 replies - Last post by risa-rocket-japanese-tutor - December 12, 2013

Asking for numerous glasses of wine

Is it correct to say: aka wain o futatsu no gurasu o onegai shimasu or is it correct to say: aka wain no gurasu o futatsu o onegai shimasu I would think that the first way is the correct way.

3 replies - Last post by risa-rocket-japanese-tutor - December 12, 2013


are ga and wa different? Or can they be used the same way? ありがと!!!

3 replies - Last post by risa-rocket-japanese-tutor - November 24, 2013

Talking about siblings.

Hi I was wondering if anyone can help me. I came across these words and I'm not sure what they mean. Does this mean I have 1 brother older than me? Or does it mean he is 1 year older than me? 兄は僕より一つ上 Same with this one here...I'm not too sure if it me...

2 replies - Last post by risa-rocket-japanese-tutor - November 23, 2013

help with describing where I am from.

Mina san, Konnichiwa! I have only just started my course so please forgive my lack of knowledge! I have just completed the basic lessons on asking where someone is from and proceeded to the grammar lessons that tie in with it. I have a few questions tho...

5 replies - Last post by risa-rocket-japanese-tutor - November 23, 2013

Difference between -ませんか and ーましょか

What is the difference between -ませんか and ーましょか? えうがをみませんか・ えうがをみましょか・

2 replies - Last post by risa-rocket-japanese-tutor - November 12, 2013

にvsは with days of the week

What is the difference? 日曜日にいそがしです。 日曜日はいそがしです。

2 replies - Last post by risa-rocket-japanese-tutor - November 12, 2013

Confusion about the tenses

Please clarify more on the Japanese tenses as some confusion persists, for example, if I say, "we read" to mention that the action is in present, we say it as "わたしたちは よみます"。 Then again, if I want to say "We read", that is reading is already done in the pa...

3 replies - Last post by risa-rocket-japanese-tutor - November 12, 2013

Writing english digits vs. Japanese Kanji

I have seen Japanese text where predominantly, english digits (e.g. 1, 2, 3, and so on) are used in the context instead of Japanese Kanji. When does a person use english digits vs. Japanese Kanji to represent digits?

4 replies - Last post by 477580 - November 7, 2013

Welcome to Rocket Japanese

Here are some guidelines on how to get the most out of your Rocket Japanese course: Rocket Japanese is a beginner's course in three main components: 1) audio lessons, which you listen to; 2) textual lessons, which you read; and 3) learning games, w...

7 replies - Last post by Luz--8 - October 12, 2013


I just purchase the Rocket Japanese. When I take notes on a given lesson and click on the submit button what happens to the notes. Because it seems when I come back to that lesson at a later time to review my notes I can't find them, signed raug

5 replies - Last post by Chris-J18 - October 6, 2013


katakana names

1 reply - Last post by 477580 - September 17, 2013

porque no puedo restar my password

No comprendo porque cuando pido mi clave siempre me dicen que toque el ling de abajo pare reset y results que no sale nada..sera que esta pajina es un escam.es triste que uno quiere aprender pero ..siempre hay algo raro von Los escamiadores...espero meden...

0 replies - Last post by maritza--6 - September 17, 2013



1 reply - Last post by Yahaira Vega - August 14, 2013

Any other sources recommended for learning

7 replies - Last post by 2679 - July 7, 2013

What is the usage scenario of "Shite imasu" ?

Usually I see "shite imasu" being used for the action which is continuous. However, I have also seen that only "imasu" being used. For example, to say "I am reading" we may say - わたしはよんでいます. But when I say that - "I have been studying", It is said as ...

1 reply - Last post by 2679 - July 4, 2013

"Wa" in Hiragana

Why is "wa" sometimes written as "ha" in Hiragana?

1 reply - Last post by 2679 - June 29, 2013

Easy question

こにちは In Grammar news letter #4 the sentence reads こひはすきですか。 If coffee is the subject or the improtant point of the sentence why don't you use が instead? Thanks

6 replies - Last post by crush23 - June 26, 2013

My friends input on "yori"

I have a Japanese friend who was helping me learn some more of the language... We got to the topic of "yori" and I remembered learning it here... Here's her input, and I was wondering if I could get some extra feedback from others. She says that: <A&g...

2 replies - Last post by K73SK - June 24, 2013

Kanji compound modifications

Hello everyone, I've been studying Kanji for quite a lot of time now, however I've noticed a lot of changes being made during the last 2 years. At least this is what I see in the electronic representations of kanji, not in handwritten cases. I'll start o...

2 replies - Last post by 2679 - June 3, 2013

Grammar Book

Hello, First I would like to say that I love Rocket Japanese, it's fits perfectly on what I was looking for learn Japanese, demo I feel a little lost about grammar and it's being really hard to me to construct my own phrases. Specially with the verbs for...

6 replies - Last post by 477580 - May 29, 2013

learn japanese alphabets

i wants to learn japanese language in short way. firstly i wants to learn alphabets & pronounce for these alphabets . if you are help me ,then do otherwise leave it.

4 replies - Last post by George-G3 - May 14, 2013

Difference between yoroshii desu ka? and shimasu ka?

Is there a big difference between these two phrases? Just wondering! -arigato! n_n

5 replies - Last post by 2679 - May 4, 2013



0 replies - Last post by thanhsonnguyen-- - March 5, 2013

The use of "san"

You probably have heard a Japanese name mentioned followed by "san". "san" is an address showing a sign of respect. You might say it’s like Mr. Mrs. and Ms. San, however, can be used both after family names or given names. Thereâ...

3 replies - Last post by CatPanda - January 28, 2013

koto ga arimasu

I have a question about "koto ga arimasu".. In the beginning of the conversation, Kenni says he has never drunk sake like this: "sake o nonda koto WA arimasen". whereas in the grammar news letter, there's a sentence that goes like...

3 replies - Last post by nirmala-s - January 18, 2013

How should I go through both the audio and grammer lessons?

I personally hate learning via reading so I just stoped doing the grammar lessons and just do the audio lessons. I was thinking of just going back to the grammar lessons after I finish the audio course but I'm not sure if the grammar lessons are its own t...

10 replies - Last post by Son-C - November 4, 2012

を・で Nuance difference?

まいあさ、こえん xx さんぽします。 I expected xx=で but the answer is given as を。 I've seen suggestions there is a different nuance, one being more purposeful, deliberate than the other........ can anyone elaborate? Oh and さんぽします or さんぽをします? I see both. As spoken, hard ...

3 replies - Last post by 2679 - October 23, 2012

Usage of なの

Politely I could say Bob はどこですか。 or Bob はどこなのですか。 Less politely Bob はどこお or Bob はどこなの(And i could probably omit the は too?) The なの does not appear to change the meaning at all, seems entirely superfluous. But there is probably a nuance :-) - and its appa...

0 replies - Last post by Hnrutt - October 19, 2012

what does this mean - why do you say atsukatta - was hot - but finish the sentence with kinou desu which is present form

ichiban atsukatta hi wa kinou desu

1 reply - Last post by 2679 - October 18, 2012

Particle no

Hi all, l am confused about the function of の here. 逢いたくなるの「衝動」哭きたくなるの「純情」。 if so, can someone please explain it to me? l really nead your help.

11 replies - Last post by 2679 - October 16, 2012

Koto ve Mono

Hi all, 質問があるけど。 What is the difference between こと andもの ? They both work to nominalize a verb. お前は幸せもどだ。 お前は幸せことだ。 Please help!

4 replies - Last post by rena-patra - October 12, 2012

~ki adjective

Hi konnichiwa. Shitsumon ga aru. l usually see ~i adjective turn into ~ki adjective such as atsui→atsuki / hayai→hayaki, itoshii→itoshiki/atarashii→atrarashiki etc. Well then, what does it mean?

12 replies - Last post by Pascal-P - September 15, 2012

The verbs dropped

Hi everyone! l usually see particle "wo" at the end of a sentence without a verb like: よい夢 を 。 楽しい旅 を 。 良い週末 を 。 良い休暇 を 。 They skip the main verb. So l just wonder what is the main verb? Can anyone help me, please?

4 replies - Last post by Pascal-P - August 27, 2012

wa and ga

hi everyone. What is the difference wa and ga?

3 replies - Last post by Pascal-P - August 23, 2012

Japanese 10.3 passive form of suru, female/teinego/male plain

So Chūrin-ihan de jitensha ga tekkyo sarechattano. is female speech, passive. Would the teinego form be Chūrin-ihan de jitensha ga tekkyo saremashita and the plain male form be Chūrin-ihan de jitensha ga tekkyo sareta Is there a 'male equivalent' to the...

5 replies - Last post by Hnrutt - August 17, 2012

Lesson 10.3 kotowarareta

In 10.3 why is kotowarareta used and not kotowatta? The latter seems to be the plain form past of kotowaru - the former is some rather complicated form ('passive respectful') I dont know - & I dot really see why its needed. Plain past does it surely -...

3 replies - Last post by Pascal-P - July 30, 2012

Infinitive+desu compared to ..te iru n desu or -te imasu, lesson 10.2

Firstly, am I correct that xxte irun desu and xxte imasu are essentially identical in meaning, both 'polite', but the first possibly a bit more informal, colloquial & spoken as opposed to written? But in 10.2 (& Ive seen the analogous construction...

5 replies - Last post by Hnrutt - July 24, 2012

あなた VS きみ

So all of the lessons (or at least all of the lessons I've done so far) use "anata" when referring to 'you', but in pretty much every Japanese song I've listened to the singers say "kimi" instead of "anata". Is this just so the lyrics fit in with the song...

4 replies - Last post by Hnrutt - July 20, 2012

particles de and ni with koko

why do you say koko de matte kudasai and koko ni tatte kudasai

3 replies - Last post by Pascal-P - July 12, 2012

The particle "o" and the honorific "O"??

Can someone explain to me the O that makes words honorific and how you know what words to make honorific. Also can someone explain when and where to use the particle "o" to mark the object rather than using "ga". And what's the difference between o and g...

5 replies - Last post by Sayaka-Matsuura - July 11, 2012

Lesson 3.2, Wa and Ga

In this lesson, Sayaka asks, "O sake o nonda koto ga arimasu ka?" And Kenny replies, "O sake o nonda koto WA arimasen." Why don't they both use the same particle? Suppose Kenny wanted to say that he himself has never drunk sake, but his brother drinks it...

9 replies - Last post by Maggie-J - June 3, 2012


ikanakute wa ikimasen. Do I understand this well: -nakute is the '-te form' of nai ikanakute wa ikimasen >> I have to go?? Thanks for confirming this and could you give some simple other examples?

4 replies - Last post by lucvileyn - April 15, 2012

Boku or Watashi?

My friends' Japanese friend told me that, because I'm a boy, I should say 'boku' rather than 'watashi'. This confused me because on the audio lessons Kenny says watashi... And he's a guy... I read somewhere on the Internet that boku is only said by young ...

4 replies - Last post by Liam-K - April 13, 2012

verb forms

Im having a bit of trouble of the verb forms (te form ect ect..) and cant find a section about it in the grammer lessons. Can you tell me where its at in the grammer lessons incase i missed it, or explain it to me please?

2 replies - Last post by wobejig-g - March 19, 2012


Is there someone who can explain the expression 銀行へ行かなくては行きません。I have to go to the bank. Thanks.

3 replies - Last post by 2679 - March 14, 2012


When I paste the following in 次の電話での会話を聞いてください。 it says that ください (くださる)is a verb, but to my opinion it is and adverb, right? but in the following sentence it is a verb, ok? 少しお金をください。

1 reply - Last post by Sayaka-Matsuura - March 13, 2012

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