Italian Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Italian language works, you'll be able to speak Italian naturally, and read and write in Italian. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

Lesson 1.10 - Avere

Hi everyone / anyone ..   I am new Rocket Italian Learner.     Can somebody explain why the proposition dei suddenly appears in the sentence “Voi avete dei compiti”. I understand dei is masc plural preposition meaning of or from. But why is dei not used i...

0 replies - Last post by LisaOz - December 6, 2022

lesson 4.8

CiaoLesson 4.8Venite ​verso di lui. The translation Is  You Why is it venite not vieni.? I get that, that is maybe for the lui, but then how would you know that it is referring to “you”GrazieMaxie

6 replies - Last post by Maxie - November 28, 2022

direct and indirect pronouns

Ciao a tuttiI am still struggling to find my way aroound this pesky issue. I see the la attatched to a verb, as in portarla and still have no idea how to convert it to not being attatched to a verb. ExampleWhen I see them side by side it is logicalHas any...

0 replies - Last post by Maxie - November 25, 2022

Puoi dirmi

In Lesson 2.8 there is a sentence Puoi dirmi l'ora, per favore? - Can you tell me the time, please?In a previous lesson (2.3) we learn various similar types of question, for example Mi può dire…? - Can you tell me.. ? etc.Are these forms interchangeable? ...

2 replies - Last post by Peter--252 - November 13, 2022

egli/ella

I'm currently on lesson 3.10, and was checking the conjugation of certain verbs on other sites; it appears that the subject pronouns for 3rd person singular are “egli” and “ella”, whereas earlier in the course (e.g. lesson 1.9) we were given “lui” and “le...

2 replies - Last post by Peter--252 - November 13, 2022

Expressing Time in the Past

Is there any difference in meaning between: Sono quattro anni che vivo in ItaliaandVivo in Italia da quattro anni The lesson says the sentences mean exactly the same thing in English, but there must be a slight difference in Italian, otherwise why do both...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 12, 2022

Peccato

I've probably forgotten why, but the sentence “È una peccato che non abbiamo più caramelle.” in Hear It, Say It in lesson 13.6 sounds like “un peccato” but is translated as “una peccato”.  It's masculine according to Collins Dictionary and is shown as “un...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 12, 2022

Different Phrases yet both mean the same thing in English

Not sure where to post this.  Would be nice if there were Forums for questions on  individual lessons.  But here is the question:In Lesson 2.1   you see the phrase. “per andare alla stazione dei treni?” and the English translation is shown to be,  “How do...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 12, 2022

Question about sample sentence in lesson 8.2

One of the sample phrases in this section is “Se si è fiduciosi e si hanno i vocaboli, si possono affrontare tutte le situazioni.” Why is the first sentence fragment singular “Se si è fiduciosi” but the second and third fragments are plural “si hanno i vo...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 12, 2022

The boys dont have enything to eat

the translation in the flashcard is: I ragazzi non hanno da mangiare. Could you say it in another way,  per esempio: I ragazzi no hanno di niente per mangare  orI ragazzi non hanno nessuno mangato ?

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 12, 2022

Revision

Ciao a tuttiI have been doing some revision lately. I have found it interesting that the first time around I missed so much. Now that I am more comfortable speaking and understanding the vocabulary, have noticed that I can concentrate more on things like ...

2 replies - Last post by Maxie - November 8, 2022

collega femminille

You are my colleague (S-F) translates to : Lei è il mio collegaMa perchè no Lei è la mia collega?Grazie:)

3 replies - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 24, 2022

Is there?

There really wasn't a category for this question, so I just picked one. Is there a text version of the lessons available?My reasoning is I can not always have a computer etc. at hand, but if after completing a course having a text version would be helpful...

1 reply - Last post by Margaret-RocketLanguages - October 14, 2022

Glieli?

Hi, in module 5 (level 1), putting Direct and Indirect Objects Pronouns Together, they put the next example:Giorgio chiede a Carola i librithen with the direct and indirect object pronouns:Giorgio glieli chiede I dont understand why they are using “glieli...

5 replies - Last post by cristhian33 - September 9, 2022

How describe feelings in the past

Hi. Can someone advise me please? How do I say: “I felt ill yesterday” I've seen examples using passato prossimo like “Mi sono sentito male ieri” However, since we are describing a state of mind, not a completed action I thought the imperfect would be mor...

2 replies - Last post by David. - July 1, 2022

nouns eg gatto and gatta

Ciao a Tutti,Please help: with ALL nouns eg gatto and gatta--- is there a KEY to changing from masculine to feminine? Or do you have to remember both words for male cat and female cat? Any good cheat sheets out there? Grazie Million.

2 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - June 16, 2022

Question about a sample sentence in section 4.9 of Level 1

Hi, I've only been on Rocket Italian for a little over a month, and I'm really enjoying it.  I hope that this is the correct place to post my question. In section 4.9 of Level 1 there is a sentence that I am having trouble with: “Scrivete cartoline spesso...

2 replies - Last post by MarkB137 - May 25, 2022

Using indirect and direct pronouns together

Can anyone explain how “ Ce li chiedono” translates to “They ask us for them”?Isn't ‘Ce' the indirect pronoun? Shouldn't it be “They ask them for us”?

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - May 25, 2022

lesson 7.7

Ciao a tuttiIn lesson 7.7 Prendo il piatto del giorno. I will have the plate of the day.Can one use this in as: "i have the plate of the day. In other words  I am eating this Sebongela

4 replies - Last post by Maxie - May 9, 2022

Present simple and present progressive tense

How do we know when to use present simple tense or present continuous tense?

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - May 9, 2022

Double Pronouns with Passive Participle

Hello,  Is there a module on Rocket Italian that deals with double pronouns with passive participle? For example: Hai portato la spessa alla nonna? (Did you bring the shopping to grandma?)Sì, gliel'ho portata. (Yes, I brought it to her) I'd like to explor...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - May 9, 2022

Lesson 5.6 Sentence - Technical Breakdown Request

Hi there, For the sentence: Te li regala Enrico?Does Enrico give them to you? Why isn't it: Te li Enrico regala? That's how I always want to translate it in my head. Can I get an explanation why the English translation is written the first way? Is my way ...

2 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - May 9, 2022

Reflexive verbs

In what situations would we use ‘avvicinarsi’ instead of ‘avvicinare’?I am confused because both mean ‘to get near’ or ‘to come closer’.  I don't understand the need of the reflexive verb here.What would be the difference between using “mi avvicino” and “...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - May 9, 2022

I need help with a grammar rule ...when to use io, mi, sto...( I am)

Ciao…I have been studying Italian for 2 years…very slowly…and I always have this issue regardless of where I am with my studies. When do I use the correct form of “essere” when it comes to actions I am taking?io, sono, mi, sto…it is giving me anxiety all ...

9 replies - Last post by Maxie - April 30, 2022

Partative Articles?

Back before level 2 was updated, there was a lesson on partative articles (when you want “some” or “a part of” something. According to my notes there are a few ways to say this, but there was a handy table on combining “di + definite article” that I can't...

3 replies - Last post by NicholasL23 - April 21, 2022

How to know which preposition to put in front of a verb, and which do not need prepositions

Hello, How do I know which proposition to put in front of an infinitive verb? Or, why is there sometimes no preposition? For instance: Ho deciso di portare una bottiglia di vino.Vado a prendere la macchina.Devo andare a lavoro. Is it just pure memorizatio...

4 replies - Last post by JamesP69 - April 20, 2022

Imperfetto Tense

Hi,  I am learning the Imperfect Tense in lesson 9.5. I noticed it can be used for ‘was/were talking’ and ‘used to talk’. In English they have somewhat different meanings. ‘Used to talk’ suggests reminiscing about a distant past, whereas ‘was talking’ nor...

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - April 6, 2022

8.6 “Il Passato” con Essere

Cose vi è succeso?  Shouldn't it be ti instead of vi to agree with è? Or vi siete? Cose ti è succeso?Cose vi siete succeso?

3 replies - Last post by LuzM18 - March 29, 2022

Past Participle of Indossare

Hello,Can you help with a grammar question please?I am on lesson 9.2. The lesson has this phrase in the conversation: L'ha indossata - did you wear it? I thought the past participle of indossare with ‘avere’ would be indossato  - ending in -o'.  Can you t...

3 replies - Last post by David. - March 23, 2022

Lesson 8.8 - expressing time

Ciao a tuttiI'm confused by this translation:Ho visto tuo fratello qualche minuto fa.(I) saw your brother a few minutes ago.Is there a reason it isn't “minuti” as it is plural?GrazieChris

3 replies - Last post by Maxie - March 1, 2022

Purpose of the word in this context

What is the purpose of the word “il” in this sentence: Lei `e il mio collega.

2 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - February 28, 2022

ex 4.10

Voglio dare loro un consiglio.After stating that the indirect personal pronoun goes before the verb, why does loro go after the verb “dare”When the previous sentences they go before the verb.When is this ever not confusing. LOLSebongela

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - February 16, 2022

Direct object pronouns.

Have been working through direct object pronouns, revision as well as from a text book. In the text book they refer to “Forte e debole” object pronouns and is this an antiquated approach.Was also revising Level 1 direct object pronouns,Came across Lo vedi...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - January 24, 2022

Your weekend level 2

Ciao a tuttiIn this conversation the “ Lei and voi” are in brackets. Does this mean they don't need to be said? As well as the “ Ii ho pasatto”. Just want to clarify. Io needn't be said due to the verb forms implying that.CiaoSebongela

3 replies - Last post by Margaret-RocketLanguages - November 28, 2021

The Conditional Tense (condizionale) - Where to find the lesson?

Hi,I was looking for the lesson on Conditional Tense  (condizionale) . I remember seeing it in the old course, but unable to find it in the new one, going by the titles in the Language and Culture section. I did a search and came up with one reference, bu...

3 replies - Last post by MarkL57 - November 17, 2021

when something is happening

Hi andiamo pescando instead of peschiamo.You say activities like this, but what is the distinction? I know this is not meant to give you everything, but one example is not very helpful. As the rest of the sentences are all ando or endo. Is this just case ...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 1, 2021

Regular are verbs

Ciao a tuttiThe verb approfittare looks like a regular verb in conjugations.My question is is regularity ruled only by the present tense? In other words is that where verbs are deemed regular or irregular.I just have not been able to find confirmation of ...

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 1, 2021

Molto vs Molte

Hi, Just to clarify, is "molte" the feminine form of noun? Grazie.

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 1, 2021

ha vs hai

CiaoHa scritto sopra il suo nameHow come it is  “ha not hai” if in the translation it has “You” in brackets. All these idiosyncrisies drive me a little crazy. I guess  English is the same. Sebongela

2 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 1, 2021

Conditional - Mood or Tense?

I'm a bit confused by the conditional. I understand the conjugations and when to use them, but grammatically - is it a mood or a tense? A LOT of material about the conditional from level 2 is gone now, but still shows up when you use the search function. ...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - November 1, 2021

Quello che/quelli che/ciò

Ciao ragazzi, Hoping someone can help explain the subtle differences between “quello che/quelli che/ciò” I've seen these expressions a lot in written Italian and by listening to Italian audio.  If I'm not mistaken/understand correctly;Quello che = thatQue...

2 replies - Last post by MichaelC1888 - October 18, 2021

Ci, ce, ne

Are there any lessons in Italian 3 that focus on using the pronouns ci, ne and ce?Thank you!

1 reply - Last post by Liss-Rocket-Languages-Tutor - October 15, 2021

To level 3 learners and Rocket mods - especially those who have also learned Spanish

Dear allHaving worked your way through Italian to level 3, how have you found learning the grammar, especially those who can compare it to Spanish?What method - aside from following Rocket obviously - did you find most useful?I ask (a) because I'm finding...

4 replies - Last post by ChrisM108 - October 9, 2021

Mettere

Lesson sending a package home. Lo Metta Sulla bilancia. Put it on the scaleThen mettere to putMettere to takeIs this part of the same verb, meaning take or put?

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - October 4, 2021

Sia per / che per

Question about a phrase I came across in the pre-lesson dialogues:“… quando si viaggia sia per piacere che per affari.”“… when one travels both for pleasure and for business.” I don't remember coming across these combinations in the grammar lessons. I'm u...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - September 21, 2021

Possessive Pronouns

Is “la sua casa” the same as ”Casa sua"?  After struggling so much to wrap my head around lesson 4.7, lesson 4.8 throws the second variation at me!  Please say it is interchangeable!

2 replies - Last post by LuzM18 - September 16, 2021

Lesson 8.8 - Sono sposato da cinque anni

In Lesson 8.8 we learn that there are two  constructions that we can use when talking about a length of time that started in the past but is currently ongoing.  They are:  (i) [present action] + da + [length of time] and (ii), essere + [length of time] + ...

6 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - August 30, 2021

Why was, "qualche" used with the plural, "mese" instead of, "mesa"

Lesson 9.3 includes the phrase, “che vengono ad abitare nel Torinese per qualche mese quest’estate.”  I always thought that, “qualche” must be used with a singular noun, but the above phrase uses it with the plural, “mese."  Why isn't the correct phrase, ...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - August 26, 2021

lavoro piu di te

Ciao a tuttiLavoro piu di te. Are we using di instead of che because of the I work as in the comparison is about the “I” not the lavoro.So confusingA prestoSebongela

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - August 26, 2021

better best

Ciao a tuttiAm doing the lesson on “What is better”Lavoro piu di te.According to your notes Piu/meno… che. Use with a verb.Why is this then di and not che?So confusingSebongela

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - August 26, 2021

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