Italian Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Italian language works, you'll be able to speak Italian naturally, and read and write in Italian. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

Necessarily vs bisogna

Can one use necessario instead of bisogna. As in bisogna  bollire le lasgana.

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - April 7, 2021

Practice my writing

Ciao a tutti,Nella lezione 4,5, perche e la frase, ‘Porto la macchina fotographica per questa gita’, e non, ‘Porto la mia macchina fotographica per questa gita’? Per sottolineare e la mia e non la.Scusa nessun accento sul mio computer.Grazie milleCiao, Gary

2 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - April 7, 2021

dovrebbe essere

These 2 words have me totally flummoxed. The pronunciation is driving me a bit crazy. Can say it when it is fresh in my mind and have listened to it. Keep on repeating in. I think even in my sleep. Was watching a you tube video on learning new languages, ...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - March 22, 2021

Can prendere be reflexive?

In lesson 16.10, an example was given to demonstrate the imperfect subjunctive. It was: "Sarebbe bene che ti prendessi un'aspirina." Is prendere a reflexive verb in this example or should "ti" really be "tu?" Thanks for your help.

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - March 11, 2021

Which syllable gets the stress

I know the general principles governing which syllable gets the stress.. There are exceptions, and often there are guidelines which help you out. However, with the words accomodare, accomodati, and accomodatevi I'm not sure why the stress falls where it d...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - March 11, 2021

le sue scarpe, his shoes?

Hi all.I am on 4.9 ‘Yours and Mine'Le sue scarpe is his shoes. I understand that it is le sue to match scarpe (femine, plural). However how do I know that it is ‘his' and not 'her' if it's not obvious. For example if there are a group of people of mixed g...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - March 10, 2021

possesive pronouns

Hi, in lesson 4.9.la vostra amica e bellissima is translated as your friend is beautiful. Why is not la tua amica since we are only talking about a singular person?ThanksGary

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - March 10, 2021

Tu di dove sei or Di dove sei tu?

In lesson 1.1 we are taught the phrase "Tu di dove sei" for “Where are you from?” However, in Lesson 3.8 we are taught that when a preposition appears in the sentence, the pronoun used for emphasis must come at the end: “Di dove sei tu?” Which is correct?

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - March 10, 2021

Nouns

Why  and when does the noun la Cucina change to CucinanoGrazie

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - March 10, 2021

lesson 5.6

Hi Can anyone tell me in lesson 5.6 why “Leggo i fumetti ogni giorno”Li leggo  tutti i giorni"Why does it change to plural?Thanks in anticipation.

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - March 10, 2021

prepositions

How come when I googled Italian prepositions for Di and AIt came up with a Rocket Italian link with explanations and sentences, but when I searched the Rocket Italian site nothing came up. Am I missing something here?

1 reply - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - March 9, 2021

Yours and Mine

Ciao a tutti.This lesson 4.9 has been the most difficult lesson to get my head around!! I am finding it difficult to think quickly enough to come up with a sentence and in the correct order.Any tips or advice?RegardsGary

3 replies - Last post by sebongela - February 15, 2021

Grammar - past tense.

In lesson 8.3 Roberto uses the phrase Io credo di aver perso. Why is this form used instead of ... ho perso?

8 replies - Last post by Tony1248 - December 23, 2020

Future tense of Mettere

I'm a bit confused in lesson 5.5 where it has  metterò  = (I) will take.  Mettere means to put so future tense first person would be  metterò = I will put. Prendere means to take so future tense first person would be prenderò = I will take.  Is using me...

1 reply - Last post by MichaelS185 - November 16, 2020

grammar buon giorno vs buongiorno

Can anyone tell me why in Rocket buongiorno, and some other greetings are written as 2 words.  Have noticed in several other learning  programs written as one word.

1 reply - Last post by jillian-c2 - November 11, 2020

Verbs again

Hi In the lesson booking into a hotel. Why "ha una camera" when you are asking for a room. Not "Hai una camera"

2 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - October 27, 2020

Mettere vs Porre

Hello,What's the difference between “Mettere” and “Porre”?Thank you!

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - October 27, 2020

Verbs

I would like to see more verb practice especially in writing, one verb at a time. I really battle to memorize them. Any suggestions where I would find either work sheets or on line practice

1 reply - Last post by Peter--252 - October 15, 2020

When to do Language and Culture Courses?

Basically, title. Should I follow the order, doing the 5-6 audio lessons of each unit, then following that, do the language and culture courses? Should I alternate? Should I do every audio lesson of a level, then go back and do the grammar courses? They ...

1 reply - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - September 28, 2020

Preposition after bisogno

In Grammar lesson 2.7 we have “Loro hanno bisogno”  which means “They need”, or literally “They have need”.In French there is a similar construction “Ils ont besoin de…”, so I wonder if there needs to be a preposition (di  perhaps) in Italian when used in...

2 replies - Last post by Peter--252 - September 27, 2020

Don't Make Fun

I need help with finding numbers section

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - September 27, 2020

6.4 Nessun dorma

Why "...fredda stanza." and not "stanza fredda"?  It seems  to be an unusual example of adjective before noun?  Just curious.  Thanks.  Chris

6 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - September 27, 2020

Why is the present perfect conjugation of Venire different from othere -ire verbs?

I just noticed this and wonder if Venire is the only verb to use -uto instead of -ito in the present perfect. I thought it was because Venire is intransitive, but then I found that Fallire and Stupire were the same: Venire:  essere + venuto/venuti Fallir...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - August 13, 2020

Are reflexive verbs necessary?

I've been working through lesson 6.10 and as I become more frustrated, I'm asking why do reflexive verbs exist.  For example: Si sono svegliati in ritardo.   - They woke themselves up late Sono hanno svegliato in ritardo -- The woke up late Does "themselv...

2 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - August 13, 2020

Extra lessons?

It’s probably me, but I always check I’ve reached 100% on each module before proceeding. Today, I looked at modules 3 and 4 of level 1, to find the last lesson of each hadn’t been started! No problem - I can do them, but am very surprised. Have extra less...

2 replies - Last post by ChrisM108 - July 30, 2020

Infinitive verb following 'potere'

Hi On lesson 3.7 (level 1), it is stated that "the verb potere - "to be able to", like the verb volere - "to want", is ALWAYS followed by a verb in its infinitive form." Some examples are given, such as "Puoi aprire la finestra per me?" - and here clear...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - July 26, 2020

Pronunciation

In Lesson 18.8 Irregular Imperfect Subjective, there are two phrases that I think should be pronounced the same, but the aren't.   In one line the speaker says: Che lei fosse  and the fosse has an sh sound. In the next line the speaker says:  Che Lei fos...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - June 26, 2020

Spiegare -to explain

In level 1 lesson 6.5 "Polite phrases & misunderstandings" there is the phrase: "Non mi sono spiegato bene", using essere where avere is usually used with this verb ("Ho spiegato"). Is there a reason essere and avere are used in different circumstances wi...

2 replies - Last post by Signor Riccardo - May 29, 2020

Ce n'è solo una rimasta - 5.7 Continuing action

As Ce is ‘there is’, I don’t understand why “n'è” is necessary. Under what grammar rules should I include n'è? Grazie. Chris

2 replies - Last post by ChrisM108 - May 29, 2020

Lesson 6.6: può dirlo agli amici?

Is ' può dire ai suoi amici?' also correct?   I don't understand using 'agli', which means 'to the'.

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - May 29, 2020

Past perfect tense with Andare

In Level 1 module 5.9: Past Tense -Imperfect it states the following in the exercises: -Loro sono andati They went (feminine) -Loro sono andate You went (formal plural -not commonly used). I thought "Loro sono andati" should be "andate" if feminine, and ...

2 replies - Last post by Signor Riccardo - May 21, 2020

Si vs Sí

Can someone explain why in module 2.1 (Using Public Transport) the translation for "Yes, ready" is "Si, pronta" and in module 2.2 (Buying a Train Ticket) the translation for "Yes. Ready" is "Sí. Pronta"? Is there a reason there is an accent over one and n...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - May 20, 2020

Lesson 6.4: Sì, certo! Pavarotti l'ha resa famosa.

isn't "ha reso" the correct conjugation?

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - May 20, 2020

Comparing Things. Italian - Level 1, Lesson 4.7

Ciao a tutti, it has taken me a while to wrap my head around this lesson. I am still having trouble with more than in using "di".   Could anyone help me in advising when di is used instead of del, della or dei?  Right now I undestand it as follows:  di? ...

3 replies - Last post by MarkL57 - April 15, 2020

[question]

Why "the chocolates(plural)" having le cioccolate instead of i cioccolate?

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - February 13, 2020

Why is the conditional tense of "potere" used in this sentence?

Level 3, Lesson 16.1 includes this sentence in the conversation: Pensavo che potremmo fare una festa in giardino. Why is "potremmo" used in conditional tense form rather than in subjunctive tense form of verb potere? Grazie

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - February 6, 2020

Use of A to start a sentence

In lesson 9.8 there is a sentence:  “A Roberta piace l'America.” Why does it start with “A”?  Why doesn’t it say. “Roberta piace l’America”?

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - December 22, 2019

Italian grammar and reference book

Do you have any recommendations for grammar and vocabulary  reference book in Italian

0 replies - Last post by geupneic - December 21, 2019

Do some nouns have both Masculine and Feminine variants? When so I use which?

Hi, From what I understand, nouns are either masculine or feminine.  The italian word for cat is il gatto, but occasionally I see la gatta for cat. How do I know when to use la gatta? I was thinking maybe if you know the cat you referring to is a female c...

2 replies - Last post by MarkL57 - November 14, 2019

Dimenticata / dimenticato in Lesson 4.8

"si e dimenticata"  => "she forgot"  I wanted to find how say "he forgot". which Google translates "si e dimenticato" But conjugation tables for "dimenticare" only show "dimenticato" Is this an unusual verb whose ending changes with the gender of the re...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - October 31, 2019

How to speak formal Italian.

Ciao, I'm a bit confused on how to speak in formal Italian to a stranger or when being respectful, but think I may have worked it out. So what I noticed is that all you need to do when you speak to someone (or a group of people), is to refer to them in t...

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - October 31, 2019

"Fuori questione" and "non se ne parla"

In lesson 4/8, both translate as "it is out of the question", which makes sense for "fuori question", but does "non se ne parla" mean something like "no one talks about"? Thanks, Jack

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - October 31, 2019

Present Subjunctive

In Italian course Level 2,  Module 8:4 Asking For Directions, there's a sentence where Maria says: Per andarci, bisogna che faccia etc.    Howard explains the use of bisogna che, but then there's no explanation whatsoever that I can find to explain the u...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - October 11, 2019

Mi puo fare o Puoi fare per me

Do these sentences both translate as "Can you take photo for me?": Mi puo fare una foto? Puoi fare una foto per me? Do these sentences translate as "Can you take a photo of me?": Puoi farmi una foto? Is "farmi" a combination "fare" and "mi", and not a...

5 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - September 13, 2019

Italian grammar - Verb ending

Bisogna che io lavori (It's necessary that I work) from Level 2, Module 9.3 Why does "lavori" end with an "i" Looks like a masculine plural noun (works) but seems to function as a verb in this sentence. Please explain.

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - August 30, 2019

nel, nelle vs. al, alle

I see nel, nelle,  and al , alle 9and their various forms) both used for "at" in the translations. How can I know which one to  use?

2 replies - Last post by GerryS - August 28, 2019

Difference tra vorrebbe e piacerebbe

Ciao  Per favore spiegare la differenza tra vorrebbe e piacerebbe. Grazie

2 replies - Last post by Marsha264 - August 7, 2019

Chiedo and chiedi

In lesson 12.1  There is a line:  Se gliela chiedo (If I ask her) and the next line says: Se non gliela chiedi (If you don't ask her).   In these sentences they both refer to a single woman, so I don't see why they are different. When do you use chiedo an...

1 reply - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - July 29, 2019

Al vs di (in foods)

I am learning Italian from multiple courses.  Anytime I’ve learned the term “chocolate cake”, they teach “la torta al cioccolato”.  In the survival phrase lesson at Rocket Italian, they say “la torta di cioccolato”.  I always assumed di was a description ...

3 replies - Last post by caterina-rocket-italian-tutor - July 27, 2019

Struggling with the grammar lessons

I've not given as much attention to the language and culture lessons (the culture ok) but I don't find the grammar modules as engaging as the ones with the lessons presented by Alessandro and Maria. Apart from repeating the audio tracks, I've skipped mos...

2 replies - Last post by Laura Sedor - July 24, 2019

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