Italian Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Italian language works, you'll be able to speak Italian naturally, and read and write in Italian. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

Italian preposition "su" and "in"

Hi Rachelyeo, The trick here is the word that comes after in, alto. In means in, but in alto means above, in the upper area! Su is generally used with movement (Voglio andare su - I want to go up) and for translating "on", as in on the table, sul tavolo...

2 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - September 11, 2016

Italian preposition "a"

Hi Rachelyeo, It depends on the noun itself: You say a scuola, al museo, al centro commerciale and al cinema, but you also say in ospedale, in edicola, in tabaccheria and in banca. Both a and in can be used to translate the English at/in. A is more commo...

0 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - September 11, 2016

Verb "dare"

Ciao, Cosa significa "dare" in inglese? per esempio, vorrei dare un'occhiata ad un libro su quello scaffale. Secondo il dizionario, la significa di "dare" in inglese é "to give", sono confondo perché la frase in inglese é "I would like to take a look at...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - September 10, 2016

Ti vs Te

Ciao, when do you use Ti and Te? What is the difference between these two pronouns? Grazie

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - September 10, 2016

(loro) sono vs stanno

Ciao, what is the difference between loro sono and loro stanno if both means they are? When should I use sono and vice versa? any examples? Grazie

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - September 10, 2016

Use of definite article with 'italiano'

In lesson 1.2 Maria asks: Parli italiano?     - no article before 'italiano'  - but later in the dialogue she asks: Da quanto tempo studi l'italiano?     -  Now we have a definite article before 'italiano'. And a further example of this is when Alex says:...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - September 6, 2016

Di vs In

Ciao, I would like to ask the difference of 'di' and 'in' take for example this sentence : " Lei e di Palermo, in Sicilia. " is "di" used to describe a city, while "in" is used to describe a country (something larger than a city/area)? Grazie

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 31, 2016

Use of italian preposition ('da' vs 'in')

Ciao, io ha una domanda a chiedere.  From what i understand,  'da' is used to mean from, by while in just means in in English. For this example that I saw on my assessment book, "Lui viaggia in macchina (He travels by car)", shouldn't it be Lui vaiggia ...

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 22, 2016

Verb and Noun placements

Hi, Ho una domanda. Quando arriva la notte in inglese è When the night arrives/comes. However, why does the verb comes before the noun (la notte)? Is this a general rule in Italian? Grazie

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 20, 2016

Mi sento VS Mi sente

Ciao, Io ha una domanda da chiedere ( I have a question to ask ), I hope I said it correctly in italian :) What is the difference between Mi sento and Mi sente? and when are they used?  Tante grazie

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 20, 2016

Present subjunctive verbs

Ciao, May I know exactly the situations where the use of subjunctive verbs is required, other than to express doubt? Tante grazie

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 19, 2016

Gender of noun- Finger (il dito)

Hi, 1: "Al mio dito c'e un anello"- There is a ring on my finger 2: "Le mie dita sono corte" - My fingers are short Why in (1) " dito" is used in its masculine form whereas in (2) is it used in its feminine form? Tante grazie

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 19, 2016

Use of preposition- "a"

Hi, Is this correct? "io fatto una promessa a lei" ("I made a promise to her") Grazie Grazie

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 19, 2016

Possessive pronouns

Hi, Does "I suoi pantaloni" mean Her pants or His pants? I understand that I suoi is a possessive pronoun for "His (Male)", so when i see this phrase it is intuitive to me that this means His pants. However, "Pantalone (Singular, Masculine noun)", so is ...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 19, 2016

freddo vs fredda

Hi, For this sentence, "Dylan and Alex feel cold", is it correct to say in Italian: "Dylan e Alex sentono freddo" ?(Freddo because the 2 subjects are Male) If the subjects are changed to one male and one female, i.e. "Dylan and Kimberly feel cold", is i...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 19, 2016

Possessive pronouns

Ciao, what is the difference between these set of pronouns which all refer to 'yours'? 1st: il tuo , la tua, i tuoi, le tue 2nd: il vostro, la vostra, i vostri, le vostre 3rd: il loro, la loro, i loro, le loro Grazie!

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - August 17, 2016

Usage of preposition "di"

Hi, I am confused by this sentence: "Tu spera di andare in Italia." I sort of understand from google translate that this means "You hope to go to Italy". However, why is "di" (which refers to "of") used here after "Tu spera" (which is you hope)? Would ...

4 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 25, 2016

Usage of "Andare" .. "To go" in English

Hi, i have a slight confusion with the usage of "andare"... for example,  to say: where do you go to work(/school/party)? Would it be right for me to ask a person "Dove andare a lavori?" / "Dove andare a scuola?" ?

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 24, 2016

Subject pronoun- Tu/Lei vs Voi/Loro

Ciao, i have a slight confusion with the different types of subject pronoun (you). first, I understand that Tu is used among young people while Lei is used when you speak to someone you do not know or an elder person. Voi is known to be the plural form ...

5 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 11, 2016

Forming grammatically sound sentence

Hi, I have a confusion here. So here it goes: I have a dining room, in this dining room, there is a big dining table, 6 chairs and 1 sideboard. How do i express this sentence in Italian? Attempt 1: In questa sala da pranzo, ci sono è una grande tavola...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 4, 2016

Gender of nouns

Hi, just to clarify is it true that all nouns that end in "-e" imply that it can be of either gender, thus we use the articles (the/ a, an) according to the gender of the speaker/recipient of the message? Example: Questo è una molto stagione! (This is a...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 4, 2016

The use of italian indefinite articles

Ciao, i have a question regarding the use of "a". From the dialogue between maria and alex in module 1.3, maria asked alex what he would like to order (boungiorno, preggo?) and alex replied "una pizza con la mozzarella". From what i understand, ​una is a...

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 2, 2016

Capitalising Italian pronouns

Ciao, I would like to ask if "io" has to be capitalised at the start of a sentence or should it remain as it is even if it is at the start of the sentence? For example, "io amore  di mangiare gelato". Grazie.

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 1, 2016

abbiamo / siamo

Ciao Lucia. I have a question.   While doing a flash card in 4.7 and having realised the card: siamo appena arrivati = we have just arrived just curious, what would the difference be using abbiamo in this sentence instead ? abbiamo appena arrivati? ...

6 replies - Last post by rigoletto - June 14, 2016

ho fatto, fatta in casa ?

Hi, I am learning the perfect past tense. I understand that 'I made' in Italian is 'ho fatto'. The lesson says that it will always be fatto with an 'o'. But I see a quote on my pasta machine that says 'la buona pasta fatta in casa'. Why is this 'fatta'...

2 replies - Last post by johnlee - June 2, 2016

Conjugating verb-pronoun

I came across "Lei non vuole vederlo" - she does not want to see him. I was wondering, if i wanted to say, she doesn't want to see it, instead, if say for argument sake we are speaking of a "video" how would you conjugate the vedere verb? Video being m...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - May 30, 2016

arrivare lesson 4.7

Ciao a tutti, While doing flashcard in lesson 4.7 i came across: Aspettando il tuo arrivo, ho parlato con Maria I am curious about the word "arrivo" being used here, I understand it is conjugation of "arrivare", however could it be clarified why arrivo...

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - May 27, 2016

lavare verb

Ciao :) In lesson 6.5 the lavare verb was conjugated to: "...............Li ho appena lavati" Could I be explained further how it becomes lavati and not lavato for the past tense. If i am to guess correctly, and usually I am wrong, I am under the beli...

4 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 24, 2016

Few additional questions

Buongiorno! :)  While doing some flash cards today i came across a couple of other things that got my attention: 5.7 "La sua camera è pronta fra mezz'ora....."  which means "Your room will be ready in half an hour" However, to me this reads as "His roo...

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 19, 2016

Per andare

Ciao a tutti., A little confused with this one. Especially now that i have progressed further into the later lessons and modules 6 etc. For example in lesson 2.1 getting around: Per andare alla stazione dei treni? - How do you get to the train station?...

6 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 17, 2016

Future tense "metterò" 6.3

I have a question in relation to lesson 6.3. "Mi metterò il mio favorito speedo!" I realise he starts off with Mi in the sentence. Why do we commence the phrase here with "mi" and not with "io" instead? Is there a significant difference beginning the s...

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 16, 2016

qual è la differenza fra contenta e felice?

Both words mean happy. Examples: Tu sei felice Tu sei contenta/o Io sono felice Io sono contenta/o Which one is more adequate when applied to myself and others, and where can I use both, as well as in which situations, conditions should I avoid the us...

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 16, 2016

Qual è la differenza fra questi due verbi: essere e stare?

Hello :) I just realised today that both are a "to be" verb/s right? If i am correct, essere is used to refer to what and how you are doing or feeling, where as stare what you are doing in actions? I am a little confused between the two and could do wit...

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 13, 2016

Question on adjectives / noun positioning in sentences

Hello, A question i have always had on my mind is, when and what goes first? The adjective, or the noun in sentences? Is there a rule? I'm sure there is. While doing the survival kit Proverbs there is the saying of: Donna buona vale una corona  "A good...

4 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 12, 2016

Calle/calli

8.9 ("Venezia" section) translates Venetian "streets" as "calle". If the singular is "la calle", this plural should presumably be "calli"?

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - May 9, 2016

Are we allowed to ask grammar questions?

In lesson 3:6  there's the sentence:  "Vi assicuro che i vostri sforzi saranno ricompensati."  It can translate as: "I assure you that your efforts will be rewarded."  Just wondering why the use of SFORZI and not SFORZATE, since the statement is addresse...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - April 14, 2016

Nessuna / Nessuno

Buon giorno :-) Is the only difference between Nessuna & Nessuno one is m and the other f, or do they also mean something different. I realised in some of the tests one would mean nobody the other is none of us. Are they exactly the same meaning?

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - April 12, 2016

allora & poi

it seems they both mean "then" Any specifics when either can and can't be used? Thanks

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - April 6, 2016

Compound Prepositions

I would like to know if there is a lesson regarding the construction and usage of compound prepositions. There were some shown in an early lesson but it was not clear to me how they were constructed and the list was not comprehensive. I found a table in a...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 28, 2016

"entra in cucina la mattina."

Ciao, I'm wondering why "entra in cucina la mattina" isn't "entra in cucina alla mattina?" Otherwise it's "it enters the kitchen the morning." Is there a rule for when not to use a the preposition "a" when you mean to say "in the morning/afternoon/night"?

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 24, 2016

Lesson 12.5

Ciao. In the lesson 12.5 Expressing Doubt, Hope and Fear. You have two answers for the audio clip " I hope so". Spero di si - I hope so. Speriamo di si! - I hope so! Should the answer to Speriamo di si! be "Let's hope so!" (In the imperative?) Grazie

2 replies - Last post by grahame-r - January 24, 2016

3.8 question

Would a better translation of  "Maria è venuta a trovarmi al lavoro" be "Maria came to find me at work?" or is vedere and trovare interchangeable?

2 replies - Last post by daytripper90 - January 24, 2016

"Porta il cappello!"

Ciao a tutti! So for lesson 3.1 I have two questions. Why is he using the formal form of portare? Seems like he should use porti since he's joking with a friend. Also, why "il cappello" for "your hat?" Wouldn't "il tuo capello," or "un cappello" make mor...

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 23, 2016

di + infinitive

Hi, I'm wondering when you have to put di or da before an infinitive. If "mangiare" or "telefonare" already means "to eat, to phone," why is the preposition "di/da" ever needed? Thanks, Michael

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 21, 2016

Questiong about Gerunds

Hey everyone, I'm wondering if "(stare) ____endo" is completely interchangeable with indicative? Such as stai leggendo vs legghi, sto lavorando vs lavoro, stiamo pensando vs pensiamo, etc. Thanks! Mike

2 replies - Last post by daytripper90 - January 15, 2016

lui and la

So in the last lesson, we used LUI - as in," Nous devons lui acheter un cadeau."  We must buy her a gift. And in this one, they introduce the verb TUTOYER - -   in the example they say "You can use tu with her"  -" Vous pouvez la tutoyer" why isn't it,...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 11, 2016

Rule for definite articles.

Ciao, I'm wondering if there are some other exceptions for when we don't need definite articles before nouns. https://www.rocketlanguages.com/italian/learn/italian-articles/ ^That has a lot of great info, but it doesn't explain why there aren't def. ar...

6 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 4, 2016

Where to put "Lei" in the sentence

If I'm using the polite form to address an individual, how do I know where to put their pronoun in the sentence? In "Lei è qui in vacanza? " it's is in the beginning, while in "Viene anche Lei?" it's at the end. What's the rule for this? Grazie, Mike

6 replies - Last post by daytripper90 - January 3, 2016

"Parli italiano?" vs - "Parla l'inglese?

Buon giorno, According to this old post by Maria,  http://ロケット英語.jp/your-community/italian-grammar/italiano-vs-l-italiano, there isn't an article for names of languages when it follows "parlare." If this is the case, why is "Parla l'inglese?" phrased th...

2 replies - Last post by daytripper90 - December 18, 2015

audio not always playing

audio not always playing - Module 9.7 - present conditional Part 2

1 reply - Last post by Rocket-Languages - October 22, 2015

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