Italian Grammar

By taking the time to understand how the Italian language works, you'll be able to speak Italian naturally, and read and write in Italian. We know this can be one of the more challenging parts of your course, and we’re here to help! You can browse the topics, do a search in the top right corner of this page, or start a new conversation. Don’t be shy!

Forming grammatically sound sentence

Hi, I have a confusion here. So here it goes: I have a dining room, in this dining room, there is a big dining table, 6 chairs and 1 sideboard. How do i express this sentence in Italian? Attempt 1: In questa sala da pranzo, ci sono è una grande tavola...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 4, 2016

Gender of nouns

Hi, just to clarify is it true that all nouns that end in "-e" imply that it can be of either gender, thus we use the articles (the/ a, an) according to the gender of the speaker/recipient of the message? Example: Questo è una molto stagione! (This is a...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 4, 2016

The use of italian indefinite articles

Ciao, i have a question regarding the use of "a". From the dialogue between maria and alex in module 1.3, maria asked alex what he would like to order (boungiorno, preggo?) and alex replied "una pizza con la mozzarella". From what i understand, ​una is a...

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 2, 2016

Capitalising Italian pronouns

Ciao, I would like to ask if "io" has to be capitalised at the start of a sentence or should it remain as it is even if it is at the start of the sentence? For example, "io amore  di mangiare gelato". Grazie.

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - July 1, 2016

abbiamo / siamo

Ciao Lucia. I have a question.   While doing a flash card in 4.7 and having realised the card: siamo appena arrivati = we have just arrived just curious, what would the difference be using abbiamo in this sentence instead ? abbiamo appena arrivati? ...

6 replies - Last post by rigoletto - June 14, 2016

ho fatto, fatta in casa ?

Hi, I am learning the perfect past tense. I understand that 'I made' in Italian is 'ho fatto'. The lesson says that it will always be fatto with an 'o'. But I see a quote on my pasta machine that says 'la buona pasta fatta in casa'. Why is this 'fatta'...

2 replies - Last post by johnlee - June 2, 2016

Conjugating verb-pronoun

I came across "Lei non vuole vederlo" - she does not want to see him. I was wondering, if i wanted to say, she doesn't want to see it, instead, if say for argument sake we are speaking of a "video" how would you conjugate the vedere verb? Video being m...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - May 30, 2016

arrivare lesson 4.7

Ciao a tutti, While doing flashcard in lesson 4.7 i came across: Aspettando il tuo arrivo, ho parlato con Maria I am curious about the word "arrivo" being used here, I understand it is conjugation of "arrivare", however could it be clarified why arrivo...

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - May 27, 2016

lavare verb

Ciao :) In lesson 6.5 the lavare verb was conjugated to: "...............Li ho appena lavati" Could I be explained further how it becomes lavati and not lavato for the past tense. If i am to guess correctly, and usually I am wrong, I am under the beli...

4 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 24, 2016

Few additional questions

Buongiorno! :)  While doing some flash cards today i came across a couple of other things that got my attention: 5.7 "La sua camera è pronta fra mezz'ora....."  which means "Your room will be ready in half an hour" However, to me this reads as "His roo...

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 19, 2016

Per andare

Ciao a tutti., A little confused with this one. Especially now that i have progressed further into the later lessons and modules 6 etc. For example in lesson 2.1 getting around: Per andare alla stazione dei treni? - How do you get to the train station?...

6 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 17, 2016

Future tense "metterò" 6.3

I have a question in relation to lesson 6.3. "Mi metterò il mio favorito speedo!" I realise he starts off with Mi in the sentence. Why do we commence the phrase here with "mi" and not with "io" instead? Is there a significant difference beginning the s...

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 16, 2016

qual è la differenza fra contenta e felice?

Both words mean happy. Examples: Tu sei felice Tu sei contenta/o Io sono felice Io sono contenta/o Which one is more adequate when applied to myself and others, and where can I use both, as well as in which situations, conditions should I avoid the us...

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 16, 2016

Qual è la differenza fra questi due verbi: essere e stare?

Hello :) I just realised today that both are a "to be" verb/s right? If i am correct, essere is used to refer to what and how you are doing or feeling, where as stare what you are doing in actions? I am a little confused between the two and could do wit...

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 13, 2016

Question on adjectives / noun positioning in sentences

Hello, A question i have always had on my mind is, when and what goes first? The adjective, or the noun in sentences? Is there a rule? I'm sure there is. While doing the survival kit Proverbs there is the saying of: Donna buona vale una corona  "A good...

4 replies - Last post by rigoletto - May 12, 2016


8.9 ("Venezia" section) translates Venetian "streets" as "calle". If the singular is "la calle", this plural should presumably be "calli"?

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - May 9, 2016

Are we allowed to ask grammar questions?

In lesson 3:6  there's the sentence:  "Vi assicuro che i vostri sforzi saranno ricompensati."  It can translate as: "I assure you that your efforts will be rewarded."  Just wondering why the use of SFORZI and not SFORZATE, since the statement is addresse...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - April 14, 2016

Nessuna / Nessuno

Buon giorno :-) Is the only difference between Nessuna & Nessuno one is m and the other f, or do they also mean something different. I realised in some of the tests one would mean nobody the other is none of us. Are they exactly the same meaning?

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - April 12, 2016

allora & poi

it seems they both mean "then" Any specifics when either can and can't be used? Thanks

2 replies - Last post by rigoletto - April 6, 2016

Compound Prepositions

I would like to know if there is a lesson regarding the construction and usage of compound prepositions. There were some shown in an early lesson but it was not clear to me how they were constructed and the list was not comprehensive. I found a table in a...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 28, 2016

"entra in cucina la mattina."

Ciao, I'm wondering why "entra in cucina la mattina" isn't "entra in cucina alla mattina?" Otherwise it's "it enters the kitchen the morning." Is there a rule for when not to use a the preposition "a" when you mean to say "in the morning/afternoon/night"?

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 24, 2016

Lesson 12.5

Ciao. In the lesson 12.5 Expressing Doubt, Hope and Fear. You have two answers for the audio clip " I hope so". Spero di si - I hope so. Speriamo di si! - I hope so! Should the answer to Speriamo di si! be "Let's hope so!" (In the imperative?) Grazie

2 replies - Last post by grahame-r - January 24, 2016

3.8 question

Would a better translation of  "Maria è venuta a trovarmi al lavoro" be "Maria came to find me at work?" or is vedere and trovare interchangeable?

2 replies - Last post by daytripper90 - January 24, 2016

"Porta il cappello!"

Ciao a tutti! So for lesson 3.1 I have two questions. Why is he using the formal form of portare? Seems like he should use porti since he's joking with a friend. Also, why "il cappello" for "your hat?" Wouldn't "il tuo capello," or "un cappello" make mor...

3 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 23, 2016

di + infinitive

Hi, I'm wondering when you have to put di or da before an infinitive. If "mangiare" or "telefonare" already means "to eat, to phone," why is the preposition "di/da" ever needed? Thanks, Michael

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 21, 2016

Questiong about Gerunds

Hey everyone, I'm wondering if "(stare) ____endo" is completely interchangeable with indicative? Such as stai leggendo vs legghi, sto lavorando vs lavoro, stiamo pensando vs pensiamo, etc. Thanks! Mike

2 replies - Last post by daytripper90 - January 15, 2016

lui and la

So in the last lesson, we used LUI - as in," Nous devons lui acheter un cadeau."  We must buy her a gift. And in this one, they introduce the verb TUTOYER - -   in the example they say "You can use tu with her"  -" Vous pouvez la tutoyer" why isn't it,...

1 reply - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 11, 2016

Rule for definite articles.

Ciao, I'm wondering if there are some other exceptions for when we don't need definite articles before nouns. ^That has a lot of great info, but it doesn't explain why there aren't def. ar...

6 replies - Last post by Lucia - Rocket Languages Tutor - January 4, 2016

Where to put "Lei" in the sentence

If I'm using the polite form to address an individual, how do I know where to put their pronoun in the sentence? In "Lei è qui in vacanza? " it's is in the beginning, while in "Viene anche Lei?" it's at the end. What's the rule for this? Grazie, Mike

6 replies - Last post by daytripper90 - January 3, 2016

"Parli italiano?" vs - "Parla l'inglese?

Buon giorno, According to this old post by Maria,  http://ロケット英語.jp/your-community/italian-grammar/italiano-vs-l-italiano, there isn't an article for names of languages when it follows "parlare." If this is the case, why is "Parla l'inglese?" phrased th...

2 replies - Last post by daytripper90 - December 18, 2015

audio not always playing

audio not always playing - Module 9.7 - present conditional Part 2

1 reply - Last post by Rocket-Languages - October 22, 2015

Accented letters.

Hello In the search section I typed in accents to get help. I'm looking for help with the punctuation (spelling) accents and not the speaking (regional) accents. Kind regards Paul

2 replies - Last post by Paul-R59 - September 21, 2015

The different conjugate

Ciao a tutti! I have a question about the Conjugates of the word Mangiare. I would like to know if these are used often in spoken italian, and how to use them properly: Passato remoto io mangiai tu mangiasti lui mangiò What is the difference between passa...

3 replies - Last post by Maria-DiLorenzi - September 21, 2015

Imperfetto vs Passato Prossimo

When does one use the imperfetto tense and when is the passato prossimo tense used?

1 reply - Last post by Peter-J55 - August 22, 2015

Verbs in infinitive form

I am confused when to use "a" before a verb in its infinitive form. For example  Andiamo a vedere = Shall we go to see.... Vado in farmacia a prendere = Shall I go to the pharmacy to get... Vuoi andare = Do you want to go  Vuoi provare = Do ...

3 replies - Last post by Maria-DiLorenzi - July 21, 2015

Problem with "Hear it" in Rocket Italian lesson 5.7

Two of the phrases in the "hear it" section do not play at all and show the following file names when I press the button to reveal the phrase. R_I_Activities_5.7.27.mp3 ​R_I_Activities_5.7.28.mp3 I'm viewing the page in Chrome Version 43.0.2357.124 ...

5 replies - Last post by marieg-rocket languages - July 2, 2015

The weird thing that the vowels do?

Hi guys, I need some help. I'm trying to learn a lot of Italian in not a lot of time, and part of doing that is reading a lot of Italian, but whenever I try and read, I can't figure out that weird thing that happens when you have a word that ends in ...

0 replies - Last post by keelan111-- - March 31, 2015

Speaking the date

Come si dice? "Today is Friday, January 30, 2015." È corretto? "Oggi è venerdì, trenta gennaio duemila quindici." Grazie!

1 reply - Last post by Maria-DiLorenzi - March 10, 2015

A closer approach to numbers

Hi, Maria. As mere curiosity but also because of the variety of answers I have got to these questions I really have many doubts about how numbers are written in Italian. First, I've found in some sources that in every number with the ending -tre, we must ...

0 replies - Last post by Carlos-M35 - February 1, 2015

QUAL è ... troncamento, non elisione

Un saluto a tutti voi. Insegno italiano a diversi stranieri e oggi ho acquistato il corso perché è un valido ausilio alle mie lezioni. Raccomando ai miei studenti Rocket Italian, perché lo trovo più completo dei vari testi in commercio. Complimenti! Nell...

1 reply - Last post by Maria-DiLorenzi - January 27, 2015

essere and stare

I have just gone back to do a review on some of the very basic lessons and find some confusion still with essare and stare. From the lesson "The verb essere ('to be") is mainly used when we describe ourselves as: "I am tall" or "I am slim". The verb stare...

2 replies - Last post by Jon-D10 - January 15, 2015

per favore vs per piacere

I did post this earlier today, but it doesn't seem to have come up. When would you use per piacere compared to per favore? Many thanks, Jon

0 replies - Last post by Jon-D10 - January 7, 2015

use of articles

why parlare italiano but studare l'italiano? article use in one but not in the other.

3 replies - Last post by Jim-M2 - January 4, 2015

Language and Culture Lessons

I am finding that the language and culture lessons are much more difficult than the corresponding audio lesson. For example in my course I haven't covered pass tense or future tense yet, however many of the grammar lessons use both these tenses. My qu...

2 replies - Last post by Fran-N - December 19, 2014

ci completiamo

Ciao Maria, alle lezione 19.4 c'è una frase che ha detto "ci completiamo bene l'uno con l'altro." potrebbe scrivere "loro o si completano l'uno con l'altro"? Buona giornata Grazie Fran

0 replies - Last post by Fran-N - December 5, 2014

(some) when to use different forms

Hello I am going over lesson 8.7 In the Section (some) you have, di and its various forms, qualche, and alcuni. My question is how do I know when to use each variation of some. Sorry the answer is probably in the lesson but I am not getting it. The masc ...

2 replies - Last post by Maria-DiLorenzi - November 5, 2014

Lesson 9.8 Quiz

I don't understand the question: Sara ____ da' semipro un consiglio. We're supposed to choose ci or ne. I read the whole lesson, and I don't understand why the answer is "ci". Can someone explain this to me? Thanks you, Gianna

0 replies - Last post by Janice-M1 - October 26, 2014

1.6 Survival Phrases Vengo da and Sono di

Hi, In lesson 1.6 Survival Phrases and Pronunciation we studied Vengo da and Sono di. Is it correct to say that I always use Vengo da when referring to a country? And Sono di for a city. Would Vengo da New York be incorrect grammatically?

2 replies - Last post by darrenma007 - October 24, 2014

Can't find lesson 1

I bought the premium edition back in 2010. I am only now using this program today. However it seems to be starting at 8.1 which doesn't strike me as the first lesson. My dashboard seems to be out. Could you please reset it for a first time user. Thanks M...

3 replies - Last post by Rocket-Languages - October 2, 2014

definite article

Lesson 1 Megacard Beginners has a card for "lo studio" however the presented Italian sentence uses "la studio". Which usage is correct. Thanks

2 replies - Last post by Maria-DiLorenzi - October 2, 2014

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